First map Risks related to the socio

First map
Risks related to the socio-economic and political environment of the State (noting that the
intensity differs from a country to the other).
Risks of demographic growth (Egypt, Palestine, Jordan, Morocco and Yemen)
Increased rates of unemployment especially among young graduates
Poor quality of education and weak capacity of competitiveness
Insufficiency/failure of policies and programs
Limited capacity of the State to control inflation
The social policies of the State do not deal with the sources of risks but rather with their results
Policies of marginalization and exclusion
Social care policies rather than empowerment policies
Increased rated of poverty (and extreme poverty)
Marginalization of full geographic areas from the process of development (Egypt, Lebanon,
Morocco, Tunisia, Yemen, Jordan and Algeria)
Growing phenomenon of slums
Belts of misery (Lebanon)
Shanty towns (Algeria)
Shanty towns (Morocco)
Random districts and regions (Egypt: 1023 areas occupied by 17 million of citizens)
Random neighborhoods (Bahrain)
Refugee camps (Jordan and Palestine)
High rates of illiteracy especially among women and girls
Risks related to the demographic structure (Arab Gulf countries)
Risks related to armed conflicts resulting in collective migration putting pressure on destination
Migration from Syria to Egypt and Jordan
Migration of thousands from Iraq to Egypt and Jordan
Migration of thousands from Sudan to Egypt
Pressure on the available services
Widespread insecurity
Second map
Social risks directly threatening the Arab family
Violence against women
Inside and outside the family
Sexual harassment
Psychological violence
Deprivation from children
Political and social marginalization
High rates of poor women heads of households (17-23%)
Additional poverty and marginalization
Drops out from schools
Street children
Child labor
Family disintegration
High rates of divorce in All Arab countries
Phenomenon of unregistered marriage
Early marriage of minor girls
Increased percentage of spinsterhood
Single mothers
Children with unknown family affiliation
Gap and conflicts between parents and children
Domestic violence against women and children
Lavish consumerism
Importation of nannies from abroad
Neglect and abandonment of aged members of the household
Risks threatening children
Drops out from school
Child labor (13 million working children in Arab countries)
Street children
Violence and sexual exploitation of children
Small soldiers (Yemen and Sudan)
Risks of the virtual space and lack of censorship
Cultural risks
Children and youth dazzled by the Western model
Weak belonging
Loss of feeling of citizenship
Lack of dialogue, tolerance and respect
Risks threatening youth and children
Drugs abuse
Unprecedented violence extending to educational institutions (Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco,
Sudan, Palestine and Lebanon)
Shaken value system and family referential in the education of children
Third map
The ten big risks threatening Arab Societies
Pressing claims of the population are met by limited capacities of the main structure, especially
health and education services
Reproduction of higher risks from smaller risks
Fall of the middle class into poverty and negative impact resulting from the erosion of the middle
Increased spaces of social and political exclusion
Unbalance in social justice and growing gap between the rich and the poor
Social and political conflicts and stress impacting political stability and the possibility of
achieving sustainable development
Widespread corruption
Increased poverty of knowledge and capacities
Emergence of additional social violence as a reaction to the State impotence and the failure of
developmental efforts
Waste of resources, especially youth potentials and their contribution in development
Withdrawal of the Arab family referential in confronting internal and external changes
Fourth map
Important risks threatening the effectiveness of Civil Society Organizations
Lack of a scientific vision of the priorities in managing social risks
Limited capacity to widen the spaces of youth regarding free expression and mobility
Act as a reaction rather than adopting initiatives
Mistrust between governments and the Civil Society
Weak coordination between the initiatives of the virtual space and Civil Society Organizations
Limited capacity of building partnerships with governments and the private sector
Limited renovation of leaders as well as weak possibilities for the rotation of power
Risks threatening sustainability and the availability of funding
Politicization and sectarianism of the Civil Society (geared towards political and sectarian
Elitism of a big sector of human rights organizations
Fifth map
Some models of Civil Society Organizations that strongly interacted with newly emerging risks
National coalitions of university graduates affected by unemployment
Organizations fighting for the rights of retired people
Organizations aiming at fighting inflation
Organizations monitoring the risks of internet and reducing these risks for children and families
Organizations seeking to valorize citizenship and tolerance, mainly among children and youth
Organizations dealing with the victims of illegal migration
Organizations aiming at reducing school and students’ violence
Organizations and new mechanisms for family guidance
Organizations for the dissemination of political awareness among youth and poor families
Organizations fighting for the right to decent housing (slums)
Organizations fighting for the right to health