Quiz #3- Topics Covered

Review for Quiz #3
Art Major I
Date of Quiz: _____________
Unit 5- 3D Design Concepts
What is 3D Art and Design?
 3D Artwork has three dimensions: height, width, and depth
 Types of 3D art: Sculpture, ceramics, origami, installation art, jewelry, furniture design,
What is Sculpture?
 The art of carving, modeling, welding, or otherwise producing figurative or abstract
works of art in three-dimensions
 Notable sculptors:
o Michelangelo, Auguste Rodin, Constantine Brancusi, Claes Oldenburg, Jeff
What is Installation Art?
 Describes an artistic genre of site-specific, three-dimensional works designed to
transform the perception of a space; can be sculptural!
 Notable installation artists:
o Marcel Duchamp, Louise Nevelson, Kara Walker
What is Sustainable Art?
 An environmentally aware way of creating artwork from found, recycled materials (like
 This type of artwork is often done in three dimensions
 Began in the 1960s and 1970s
 Notable sustainable artists:
o Christo and Jeanne-Claude, Andy Goldsworthy
Unit 6- Painting Concepts
Main Types of Paint Media:
 Temperao Water-soluble; Packaging = bottles or jugs; Easily blended; Easy clean-up;
Quick Dry; Non-permanent; Accessible / Cheap; Simplistic colors – Red,
Yellow, Blue, etc.; Often used with younger children b/c it’s non-toxic
 Watercoloro Water soluble; Packaging = Dry or semi-moist cakes, tubes; Semi-Permanent;
Easy Clean-up; Low Odor; Accessible / Cheap; Non-toxic
 Acrylicso Water-based media; Packaging = Tubes, bottles, jugs; Quick Drying; Water
soluble; Semi-Permanent; A bit tougher to blend; Can be easily thickened to
create texture and dimension; More expensive; Easy Clean-up; Low Odor; Has
a plastic appearance when dried
 Oil Paints-
o Particles of pigment suspended in drying oils (non water-based); Packaging =
Tubes; Toxic! Use in a well-ventilated area; Slow Drying; Permanent; Easy to
blend; More expensive
Watercolor Techniques:
 Wash
o Washes are useful for filling in the background before you start painting your
subject. Wet the area first with a brush, then apply color for an easier, smoother
 Masking
o Masking fluid (frisket) is a liquid used to block out areas of a watercolor while
you paint, thereby retaining the white of the paper or the previous color that
was painted. It is rubbed off afterwards.
 Glazing
o A “glaze” is a thin, transparent layer of paint. Glazes are used on top of one
another to build up depth and modify colors in a painting. A glaze must be
completely dry before another is applied on top
 Underpainting
o A layer of paint that is intended to be seen through a subsequent paint layer.
Use Paynes Gray to add shadows, then glaze over that layer with color.
 Lifting Off
o Most watercolor pigment can be dissolved and lifted off after it has dried. The
process for lifting off is simple - wet the area to be removed with a brush and
clean water, then blot the pigment away with a tissue.
 Dropping in Color
o Add paint to an already wet area by simply “dropping it in” with the brush, and it
will spread and bleed in an interesting way
 Dry Brush Technique
o Use barely any water on the brush when applying color to create specific detail
or texture (almost like drawing with the brush). It will create abrupt, rather than
smooth, color application
 Other techniques- Salting, Splattering, Sponging, Blotting
Mixing Watercolors:
 To create tints- Add water
 To create shades- Add black
Art for Social Awareness
What is a Social Issue?
 A matter which directly or indirectly affects a person or many members of a society
and is considered to be a problem, controversy related to moral values, or both
Types of Social Issues:
 Environmental Issues
o Overconsumption, Pollution, Recycling, etc.
 Human Rights Issues
o Women’s rights, race relations, gay marriage, etc.
 Current Events/Politics
o War on Terror, Economic Recession, Healthcare Reform, etc.
Societal Issues
o Drug Abuse, Censorship, Homelessness, Eating Disorders, etc.
James Rosenquist:
 Billboard artist from the Pop Art movement
 Rosenquist's large-scale paintings directly allude to the cultural and political tenor of
the times in which they were created
 Techniques specific to his paintings:
o Combining images and text
o Creating tension with diagonal jagged lines