EDU 153 Name Out of class Assignment for Snow Day Make-Up January 22, 2016. Due Wednesday February 3rd. Turn in the completed Assignment at the beginning of class on Feb 3rd, 2016. Failure to submit the assignment at the designated time will result in an absence being recorded for January 22, 2016. Answer each question on your own, in your own words, using information from your text and class lectures. EDU 153 Snow Day Makeup Completion Complete each statement. 1. Nutrients vary in their energy value; the per gram caloric value for carbohydrates and proteins is ____________________ and for fat is ____________________. 2. Basal metabolic energy needs are determined by ____________________ activities. 3. For most adults, and all children, the basal metabolic energy needs are ____________________ than energy expenditure for voluntary physical activity. 4. ____________________ is the least sweet sugar, and ____________________ is the sweetest of all sugars. 5. The form of carbohydrate circulating in the blood (blood sugar) is called ____________________. 6. ____________________ is a complex carbohydrate found in fruits and vegetables that humans are not able to digest. 7. Animal-source fats, which are high in ____________________ fat, are considered less healthy because they may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. 8. Cholesterol is found only in ____________________-source fats. 9. Proteins yield ____________________ ____________________ that are essential for tissue growth. 10. Growth results from an increase in ____________________ and/or ____________________ of cells. 11. A protein’s dietary quality is determined by the availability of ____________________ amino acids. 12. Complete proteins are present in meats, including fish, poultry, eggs, and ____________________ products. 13. The absorption of calcium and phosphorus is improved when they are consumed in a ratio of ____________________. 14. The ____________________ in hemoglobin is responsible for carrying ____________________ to all body cells. 15. Incomplete proteins are generally ____________________-source foods. 16. Macaroni and cheese is an example of a ___________________ protein. 17. Children who follow a vegan diet are at risk for vitamin ____________________ deficiency unless they are given a supplement. 18. The production of red blood cells is primarily dependent on two vitamins: ____________________ and _________________________. 19. Cell division is regulated by the vitamins ____________________ and _________________________. 20. The class of nutrients whose only function is regulation of cellular activities is ____________________. 21. Vitamins A and D are examples of ____________________-soluble vitamins. 22. ____________________ plays a critical role in the regulation of body temperature and the chemical digestion of food. 23. Vitamin __________ is abundant in whole milk, orange and dark green vegetables, and yellow-orange colored fruits. 24. Full-term infants are born with stores of the mineral ____________________ and the vitamin ____________________ to last them for the first ____________________ months after birth. 25. The breast-fed infant should be supplemented with vitamin __________ soon after birth, but the formula-fed infant should not because formulas provide generous amounts of this vitamin and excess intake may cause toxicity. 26. It is recommended that the introduction of semisolid foods be delayed for infants whose parents or siblings are known to have food ____________________. 27. Ingredients in commercially jarred baby foods are listed in ____________________ order based on the amount of each item present. Short Answer 1. Why is it important not to limit fats in an infant’s or toddler’s diet? 2. Why should a child with the genetic disease PKU not be given foods that contain aspartame, a commonly used artificial low-calorie sweetener? 2. What mineral would have a decreased availability if a person consumed numerous cans of soda pop in a day? Explain why this happens. 4. Iron deficiency anemia is common in the post six-month-old infant and the toddler. Why does this happen? What food sources should be served to correct this problem? 5. (a) Which two vitamins and two minerals are frequently deficient in the strict vegan diet? (b) Which of the above mineral deficiencies would be corrected by switching to a lacto-vegetarian diet that includes milk and milk products? 6. What food sources supply zinc and what are the signs of a zinc deficiency? 7. List five advantages that breast milk has over formula as the first food for an infant. 8. Describe why it is so important to mix infant formulas precisely according to the instructions. 9. Why is iron-enriched cereal recommended as the first semisolid food to be given to the infant? 10. List three reasons why a mother may choose not to breast-feed. 11. Why is it important that a caregiver hold an infant during feedings? Sate at least 3 reasons.