Cornell Notes Topic/Objective: The First Texans Name: Class/Period: Date: Essential Question: Questions: Notes: How did the first Native Americans or Indians get here? Early Civilizations Native peoples _______________________ across a land bridge from Asia They later made their way to Texas and developed into four specific ____________________ of Indians: 1. _______________________ 2. _______________________ 3. _______________________ 4. _______________________ These cultures later divided into ____________ such as the Apache, _____________, Karankawa, and __________ (we’ll learn about these later!) What are the 4 cultures of American Indians in Texas? What are the names of some of the tribes that settled in Texas? What caused the earth to cool? What caused the earth to cool? How did the polar ice caps form? What were the effects of the cooler temperatures? The Last Ice Age About _____________ years ago, the earth was in the middle of its last major ice age. The earth cooled due to a ___________ in the earth’s ________________ on its axis. Huge amounts of ___________ froze on the ________ and ________ poles As more water froze and turned to ice, water __________ around the planet _____________. ________________ water levels caused new land to be ________________. This ice age ended around ____________ years ago. Questions: What two continents did the land bridge connect? What is the land bridge called today? Why did early man migrate across the land bridge? How is this known? When did the first Texans arrive? How did they live? How did new technology affect these early Texans? Notes: Bering Land Bridge • The ___________________ land bridge connected Western ____________ (Siberia) to ____________ ______________________ (Alaska) Today, the land bridge is covered by ___________. It is now known as the ______________ _______________. These first American peoples followed and ________________ their __________ source. They were ________________, in that they moved from place to place Scientists called ___________________________ study the past and collect _________________, or objects made or used by humans. The First Texans The first Texans arrived around ___________ B.C. Historians have called this _______ in which they lived “Natural Texas and Its People The earliest Texans were _________________________ that constantly moved and hunted large animals—they used an ______________ to throw their spears farther and give them more force. They also gathered various _________, fruits, pecans, and acorns to eat. They lived in ________ ________________ or created beds made up of plants Around A.D. 600-700, they started using new technology such as the ________ and ___________ for hunting and _______________ for cooking. Around A.D. 1200, the practice of _________________ or farming, allowed them to settle in one place.