Events leading to Revolution • Things went well between the Empresarios and the Mexican government the first few years. • Fredonian Revolt – Hayden Edwards had received a land grant from Mexico to settle in East Texas (Nacogdoches) with 800 families. Squatters were already there and when Edwards asked them to pay up or leave they would not. The Mexican government supported the squatters. Edwards started (Republic of Fredonia) a revolt for Texas independence from Mexico. The event resulted in a skirmish that was easily crushed by the Mexican army. General Mier Teran report • General Teran was sent to Texas to investigate the situation. He discovered that in East Texas Anglos outnumbered Mexicans 5 to 1 and unless something was done there could be a revolution. • April 6, 1830 decree (law) • 1. U.S. immigration ended • 2. Empresario grants suspended • 3. No American slaves in Texas • 4. Taxes on goods from the U.S. • 5. More Mexican troops • 6. Mexico encouraged more immigration from Europe and Mexico Anahuac I • Texans went to Anahuac to protest the April 6 decrees or laws. Many were thrown in jail. Some more came to try and get the Texans released. There was a mild skirmish resulting in the Texans being freed. • The Texans agreed to sign the Turtle Bayou Resolutions – They denied ever attacking the Mexican government and pledged loyalty to the Mexican Constitution of 1824. Velasco • Fight that resulted from the Texans transporting some cannons to Anahuac. • The Mexicans prohibited the transportation of the cannons and a fight broke out resulting in a Texan victory. • Santa Anna was elected President of Mexico. 1832/33 Convention • 1. Separate statehood within Mexico (Constitution in 1833) • 2. April 6 decree repealed • 3. Better schools • 4. Better mail service • 5. More protection from Indians • 6. Land titles for settlers in East Texas Stephen F. Austin goes to Mexico • Austin waits for months to see Santa Anna • He sends a letter back to Texas advising to go ahead and prepare for separate statehood • He does finally get to visit with Santa Anna and he agrees to everything except separate statehood • Austin goes back to Texas and is arrested by Mexico on his way • Mexico intercepted the letter and considers Austin a traitor. Anahuac II • Some more Texans are arrested for not paying their taxes • William Barrett Travis goes to Anahuac to get the Texans released and the Mexicans backed down • Consultation of 1835 – Texans were split – some wanted complete Independence and others were still loyal to Mexico. • General Cos orders the arrest of Travis and Lorenzo de Zavala – helped write the Constitution of 1824 Gonzales – October 2, 1835 • General Cos marches 1000 men into San Antonio demanding that all weapons are turned over to the Mexicans • Gonzales – Colonel Ugartechea demands that Texans give up a small brass cannon that was loaned to them from Cincinnati. • Come and Take It – The Texans challenged the Mexicans with this statement. Fighting broke out – 1st battle of the Texas Revolution.