The death, burial and descending of Christ into hell Ps 60:1,3 48:1-4 181:1,2 147:1-5 Scripture: Romans 6. Canons of Dort, 1st Head: 1,2 1. The necessity of His death and burial Why was Christ’s suffering on the cross not enough, and why did He have to die and descend into hell: o God is just: Through sin we lost our right to life. Jesus is the Substitute for His people; now God’s justice requires the death of Jesus. When the Lord begins to work in a sinner he learns to know the justice of God A changed life is not enough; only the death of the Mediator o God is truthful: God does not lie, neither in His promises nor in His threatenings The truth of God implied that the Father had to execute the punishment of death. Death is the payment for sin Christ had to die for the satisfaction of our sins Christ was also buried: o To prove He was really dead; He was not buried alive o Burial reminds us of our deep fall in Paradise o The grave of Christ was the realisation of the sentence of God upon the sinner A humiliation. Yet blessed, because He: (1) buried the sins of His people; (2) sanctified it; (3) conquered death. 2. The fruit of His death and sacrifice Why do we then also have to die? o Our death is not a satisfaction for sin, but the death of sin. o There is no other way of being delivered from the body of sin than by laying down this body. o Death is the gate into eternal life without sin for God’s people; for the unconverted it is the gate into eternal death and damnation. What further benefit from Christ’s sacrifice and death? o He buried our old nature o He wants His people to die gradually so that they learn to live unto Him. o The “old man” is the old nature of Adam. Wants to maintain itself Is lively in God’s people o The “new man” is the new principle which wants to be delivered of all that is against God’s holy will. Image of God is restored. 3. The comfort of His descending into hell Descending in hell is last, and deepest, step in Christ’s humiliation. o Happened in all His sufferings, but especially both in Gethsemane and on Golgotha o He was forsaken of God. It is great comfort for God’s people to know that: o God will not be angry with them, even in their greatest temptations; o Christ has delivered them from the anguish and torments of hell, by His inexpressible anguish, pains, terrors and hellish agonies. o God’s Church comes out of that great tribulation into the heavenly Canaan to be merry without end.