Key Household ‘Healthy Actions’ for WHO/UNICEF Recommended Interventions for Pneumonia and Diarrhoea Control Intervention Early and exclusive breastfeeding • Adequate nutrition (complementary feeding) • Hand washing with soap • Immunization • Vitamin A supplementation Zinc treatment/ supplementation Prevent low birth weight • Safe water and sanitation Reduce indoor air pollution Appropriate care of sick children Oral rehydration therapy (ORT) Healthy action by caretaker at home Mother breastfeeds the newborn child within one hour of birth; gives only breast milk for the first six months (no water or other fluids or foods). Starting at six months of age, feed children freshly prepared energy and nutrient-rich complementary foods and continue to breastfeed children up to two years or longer. Wash hands with soap often and always at the critical times: after using the toilet, before/after handling food, and after changing a child’s nappies/diapers. Take child to health facility/vaccination site for scheduled immunizations, on time. Mother and child go to health facility for vitamin A (for both). • Follow health worker instruction on zinc treatment of diarrhoea. • Women of reproductive age consume sufficient nutritious foods. • Expecting mothers eat sufficient nutritious foods and take supplements as recommended by the health provider. • Adopt household water treatment and safe storage systems, such as chlorination and filtration, boiling, filtering, or chemically treating water that may be contaminated. • Ensure proper disposal of faeces, including a child’s faeces, at all times. • Minimize the exposure of babies and young children to smoke. • Provide home care for illness, including ORT (see below). • Recognize danger signs of child’s illness and seek appropriate care. • Follow health workers’ recommendations regarding treatment, follow-up and referral. • After onset of diarrhoea, give ORS or recommended homemade fluid; breastfeed more often if child with diarrhoea is still being breast-fed. Source: Global Communication Group on New Vaccines, Pneumonia and Diarrhoea Control (No date). Communication Framework for New Vaccines and Child Survival. New York: UNICEF, https://sites.google.com/site/commframe/background-1/health (accessed May 7, 2014).