Powerpoint Presentation: Extra


Extra cellular components

Collagen microfibrils

Image Credit: Fine structure of collagen circa 1948

The extracellular matrix

 Plant cell secrete cellulose and other carbohydrates

 Fungi and insect cells secrete chitin

 Bacteria secrete murin

 Animal cells secrete proteins (e.g. collagen) glycoproteins and other conjugated proteins

© 2010 Paul Billiet ODWS

Functions of extracellular matrix

 Mechanical, they give tissues strength and elasticity

 Protection against extracellular change and retention of water

 Control of cell behaviour by binding of growth factors and interaction with cellsurface receptors

© 2010 Paul Billiet ODWS

Animal tissues

Image Credit; www.steve.gb.com/


The formation of a cell plate starts as soon as the nucleus has divided

© 2010 Paul Billiet ODWS

Cell plate to cell wall

The cell plate becomes the middle lamella that glues the cells together

© 2010 Paul Billiet ODWS

New cell wall material is secreted either side of the middles lamella

= primary cell wall (no cellulose)

Growth of the cell is orientated by the appearance of cellulose microfibrils

© 2010 Paul Billiet ODWS


Sap vacuole

The secondary cell wall consists of cellulose microfibrils secreted inside the primary cell wall

When this forms the cell stops growing and takes its final form