Put together by Nolan Rachocki Francis Drake was born in Tavistock, Devon. He was the eldest of the twelve sons of Edmund Drake. Because of religious persecution during the Prayer Book Rebellion in 1549, the Drake family fled from Devon into Kent. Tavistock, Devon Map of Devon, UK TO Kent,UK Drake married Mary Newman in 1569. She died 12 years later, in 1581. In 1585, Drake married Elizabeth Sydenham. After Drake's death, the widow Elizabeth eventually married Sir William Courtenay. As Sir Francis Drake had no children, his estate and titles passed on to his nephew (also named Francis). His Ship the Golden Hind The ship used to be the Pelican but Drake decided to change its name to the golden hind. Because there was a man named Sir Christopher Hatton that helped pay for the ship. On Hatton's coat of arms there was a (female deer) that’s where Drake got the idea The Golden Hind Length: 69 feet Width: 20 feet Weight: 100 tons Speed: 9 mph Crew: 80 people Cannons: 18 Drake wanted to sail the world for many reasons. First, and most well-known, he wanted to trade with the Native Americans, Indians and Asians. He also wanted to search for the legendary Northwest Passage that many people, such as Henry Hudson, would search in vain for. Drake was also looking for enemy ships to raid. Some ships carried cargo that brought himself and his Queen, Elizabeth the I wealth. Queen Elizabeth needed money to raise protection for England forces, she wanted to raise things like fleets of ships or an army. Drake was allowed to raid these ships because he was a privateer, a pirate paid by the government to do such things. When Drake sailed the world, he faced many challenges. There were many Spanish ships near Central America. A few were plundered and even sunk by Drake and his ships. There were storms and rough weather. Two ships were lost in a storm near South America. When he sailed up North America's west coast, looking for the Northwest Passage, he faced bitter, freezing cold weather. And there were always dangers like starvation, illness, and being lost at sea. How He Became a Pirate and a Privateer When Drake raided the Cacafuego a Spanish ship. He than became a Pirate to the Spanish, but a hero to the English. Drake thought as himself as a privateer-someone that has permission to attack there country's enemy by the government. The Cacafuego Drake's career continued into his mid-fifties. In 1595, he failed to conquer the port of Las Palmas, and following a disastrous campaign against Spanish America, where he suffered a number of defeats, he unsuccessfully attacked San Juan de Puerto Rico, eventually losing the Battle of San Juan (1595). The Spanish gunners from El Morro Castle shot a cannonball through the cabin of Drake's flagship, and he survived, but a few weeks later, in January 1596, he died of dysentery when he was about 55, while anchored off the coast of Portobelo, Panama, where some Spanish treasure ships had sought shelter. Following his death, the English fleet withdrew. Before dying, he asked to be dressed in his full amour. He was buried at sea in a lead coffin, near Portobelo. Divers continue to search for the coffin. Additional Facts How He Became Sir? Queen Elizabeth Knighted Drake aboard the Golden Hind on April, 4, 1581. Political Career In Sept, 1581 Drake became the Mayor of Plymouth. The Purchased of Buckland Abbey (house) In 1580 Drake bought Buckland Abbey, a large mayor near Yelverton in Devon. He lived there till his final voyage. It was pasted on through his family for many generations.