Plant Kingdom Notes

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Plant Kingdom
Division of Domain Eukarya
All are producers – autotrophs – photosynthesize
(Venus Fly trap?)
All have eukaryotic cells
All are multicellular
Phylogenetic Tree
 Family tree that shows the evolutionary relationships
thought to exist among groups of organisms.
Angiosperms
Gymnosperms
Seedless
Non vascular
Plants
Seedless vascular
plants
Algal Ancestors
Vascular tissue
 Type of tissue that transports water and
dissolved substances throughout the
plant
 Provides support for the plant
 What advantage does a plant have when
it has vascular tissue?
Angiosperms
Gymnosperms
Seedless
Non vascular
Plants
Seedless vascular
plants
Algal Ancestors
Seedless Non – Vascular
Plants
 No vascular tissue
 No true roots or leaves
 Attached to soil by rhizoids – which
absorb water and minerals.
 Produce spores to reproduce
Non – Vascular Plants
 Pioneer plant – one of the 1st to appear in
an environment.
 Phyla: Mosses, Liverwort and hornworts
 These plants don’t have vascular tissue,
so what type of habitat must they live in?
Angiosperms
Gymnosperms
Seedless
Non vascular
Plants
Seedless vascular
plants
Algal Ancestors
Seedless Vascular Plants
 Have vascular
tissue
 Reproduce with
spores.
 Phyla: Ferns, Club
mosses, Horsetails
 What type of
habitat can these
plants be found in?
Angiosperms
Gymnosperms
Seedless
Non vascular
Plants
Seedless vascular
plants
Algal Ancestors
Vascular Seed Plants

Have vascular tissue and reproduce with a
seed.
 Can be herbaceous or woody.
 Phyla
1. Gymnosperms
• Evergreen
• Have cones
• Seeds are naked – not protected by a fruit.
• Example: Red Pine
Angiosperms
Gymnosperms
Seedless
Non vascular
Plants
Seedless vascular
plants
Algal Ancestors
2.
•
•
•
•
Angiosperms
Flowering Plants.
Usually deciduous.
Most have seeds protected in a fruit.
Example: Apple tree
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