SWTS Survey Design and Analytical Framework

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Youth guarantees:
An international perspective
Conference of the Italian Presidency EU Council
Youth Guarantees: First Results
Gianni Rosas
Chief, Youth Employment Programme
Rome, 14 October 2014
Youth Employment Programme
This presentation
•
Youth guarantees and international labour standards
•
Global framework to address the youth employment
crisis
•
Lessons from past implementation
•
Key takeaways from evaluations around the world
Youth Employment Programme
Youth guarantees
and international labour standards
•
International labour standards: a benchmark for the
development and implementation of youth
guarantees (YG)
•
Three ILO Conventions and related Recommendations
key for the YG:
–
Employment Policy Convention No. 122 guides MSs in the
pursuance of an active policy for employment the involvement
of the social partners and youth organizations;
–
Human Resources Development Convention No 142 on
education, training and access to career guidance services;
–
Employment Services Convention No 88 on organization and
universal and free access to Public Employment Services (PES)
and C141 on Private Employment Agencies (PrEAs).
Youth Employment Programme
The youth employment
crisis
Youth Employment Programme
4
Youth labour markets in advanced economies
Absolute increase: Between
2008-2012, the number of
unemployed young people
increased by more than two
million, a 25% growth.
Discouragement-adjustment by
discouragement increases rate
by 3.1 points to 21.2 per cent
(13 million).
2012 rate: 18.1 per cent, same
as in 2010
NEETs: Proportion of young
people not in employment,
education or training in the
youth population increased 2.1
points to reach 15.8 per cent in
OECD countries in 2012
Projection: rate to remain
above 17 per cent until 2015,
and decrease to 15.9 per cent
by 2018
Youth
employment
crisis
Job quality: Youth are
increasingly employed in nonstandard jobs, including
temporary employment and
part-time work
Little progress in reducing youth unemployment since 2009
Source, ILO, Global Employment Trends for youth: A generation at risk, Geneva, 2013
Youth Employment Programme
Youth Employment Programme
A global framework
for policies to promote youth employment
Education and training to
enhance employability and
facilitate school to work
transition
Pro-employment macroeconomic policies to increase
investment, productive
transformation and growth
Targeted labour market
policies to improve labour
market integration of young
people
Policy
Areas
Entrepreneurship as
career options
Rights @ work
and equal treatment
Youth Employment
Programme
7
Lessons from past implementation
of youth employment measures
The implementation has shown that key features for well
functioning of guarantees are:
• Timely (early) interventions for defined target groups with clear
eligibility criteria for early activation and sequencing of
interventions.
• Profiling and targeting to tailor measures to needs of target group
and labour market opportunities.
• Established administrative capacity to deliver education and youth
employment services plus measures
• Coordinated delivery through collaborative arrangements with the
involvement of several institutional actors, the social partners and
youth organizations.
• A sound performance monitoring and evaluation system to take
corrective measures, maximize results and impact
• Flexibility of design of measures and budget to adjust to changing
situation and focus on what works best.
Youth Employment Programme
Key takeaways from evaluations around the world
Lessons from evaluation show that youth employment
interventions work best when they:
• Are designed to respond to labour market requirements improves
the employment opportunities of participants. Labour market
information and control groups are essential for the design,
monitoring and evaluation of measures.
• Target and tailor individual needs and labour market
disadvantages. These interventions produced better results. Generic
age-targeting may fail to reach disadvantaged youth.
• Are offered as a comprehensive packages of services that
combine various components relating to both labour demand and
supply (more effective than single measures).
• Include work experience (e.g. through in-company training, work
placement). These interventions increase employment rates.
• Involve the social partners and representatives of people affected
by the measures in the design and implementation enhances the
relevance and quality of programmes.
Youth Employment Programme
The youth employment challenge
Youth Employment Programme
Questions
Youth Employment Programme
For more information
EMPLOYMENT POLICY DEPARTMENT
4, route des Morillons
CH – 1211 Geneva 22
Tel. : + 41 22 799 70 19
Fax: + 41 22 799 75 62
Email: [email protected]
Web: www.ilo.org/yep
Follow us on twitter: @ILOyouth
Youth Employment Programme
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