啟示錄2﹕8- 基督書簡達於士每拿教會

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CBCGB-WSF 週三姐妹會
啟示錄2:12-17
基督書簡(三)
達於
別迦摩教會
2011/10/12 陳一萍
參考書目
1.Sir William M. Ramsay (1851-1939),
The Letters to the Seven Churches, Peabody:
Hendrickson, 1994
2. 楊牧谷, 《基督書簡﹕啟示錄的七教會書信》,臺
北﹕校園書房出版社,1990,1992
3.Biblical Turkey and the Seven Churches of
Revelation(土耳其聖經考古與啟示錄七教會)
http://www.greatcommission.com/turkey/tour/Tu
rkeyAndTheSevenChurchesOfRevelation_files/f
rame.htm (2006/2/12)
給七個教會的信
•
耶穌基督的教會
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
以弗所
士每拿
別迦摩
推雅推喇
撒狄
非拉鐵非
老底嘉
別迦摩(Πέργαμος, Pergamos) ﹕
• 位於小亞西亞之每
西亞(Mysia)的希臘
城市,大約距愛琴
海15哩、以弗所85
哩、士每拿55哩;
屬羅馬帝國亞西亞
巡環公路上的大站
(第三大城,次於
以弗所、士每拿)
Pergamum - City Built on a Hill
2/12/2006
Turkey and the Seven Churches of Revelation
位於別迦摩山上的別迦摩城
Pergamum
(Bergama)
3rd of 7 Churches
Revelation 2:12-17
City as great as Ephesus
“City on a hill cannot be
hidden” – acropolis 1,000
feet above the valley
King Attalus (Asia)
Capital of Asia for 250 years –
fertile Caicus River
Temple of Trajan
Temple of Athena was first
museum and entrance to
library
Emperor Worship in Asia
began here
2/12/2006
Turkey and the Seven Churches of Revelation
Temple Supports
Difficult to conceive
how much man labor
it took to build all the
structures, and we only
see a few of them now
別迦摩是在啟示錄二至三章中七教會的第三個教會,它位於
示每拿北方90公里(約55哩),它離愛琴海只有24公里(約15
哩),今天這個地方仍然有別迦摩的遺址,是土耳其的一個
小村莊。
別迦摩這個字的希臘文有「堡壘」或「堅固保障」的意思,
這個城市蓋起來就像一個圓錐體,這個山丘最高離地面有三
百公尺。羅馬城是整個羅馬帝國的首都,而別迦摩就是羅馬
帝國在亞細亞的首都了。這個城座落在山丘高處,高坐在那
裡好像一個寶座一樣。別迦摩城裡有一所大學而且有一座圖
書館,藏書有二十萬卷羊皮卷,每一個羊皮卷都是人刻寫出
來的。這個城也是發明羊皮紙的地方,這是從羊的皮所預備
的。
別迦摩-撒旦的
座位
Pergamum Altar Temple of Zeus - Berlin
“Zeus the Savior” temple seen all over
2/12/2006
Turkey and the Seven Churches of Revelation
Pergamum Altar Temple of Zeus
Berlin Model in Pergamom Museum
2/12/2006
Turkey and the Seven Churches of Revelation
Pergamum Altar Temple of Zeus
– Berlin Altar in Pergamom Museum
2/12/2006
Turkey and the Seven Churches of Revelation
Pergamum Temple of Trajan
Paul Passed Through - Acts 16:7-8
2/12/2006
Turkey and the Seven Churches of Revelation
Asclepion Healing Areas
2/12/2006
Turkey and the Seven Churches of Revelation
Pergamum Theatre
Double Edged Sword - Power to Kill
Typical Greek theatre with every seat in
cavea following the steep acropolis
rock and having an unbelievable
view of the surrounding valley to
sunset
Throne of Satan on hill
Temple of Dionysius
3 Christians thrown to the wild animals
here in 3rd Century
No compromising
2/12/2006
Turkey and the Seven Churches of Revelation
Pergamum Altar Temple of Zeus – 160 BC
Berlin Satan’s Throne, Sword of Authority
2/12/2006
Turkey and the Seven Churches of Revelation
Pergamum Library-Alexandria, Mark Anthony200,000 Scrolls-King
hired librarian from Alexandria so he was thrown in prison and Egyp
stopped selling Papyrus so King put out challenge (197 BC) that
resulted in Parchments or “Pergamum-sheets” animal skin that
introduced Codex—Olive Tree Wishes for “Good Luck”
2/12/2006
Turkey and the Seven Churches of Revelation
Pergamum Hippocrates Asclepion
First Healing Center
First healing center 300 BC
Snake from Moses and Israelites healing
Emperor Augustus visited twice
Asia minor earthquake AD 17
Emperor Tiberius stopped taxes
Emperor Hadrian gave money
Emperor Caracalla treatment
Parchment or vellum, which is from the skin of
calves and lambs, came from Pergamum after
Pharaoh banned export of papyrus to
Pergamum. Much of the Bible was written with
parchment.
Asklepios symbol was the serpent and perhaps
another symbol of the “throne of Satan”
2/12/2006
Asclepion - Lower Stadium
2/12/2006
Turkey and the Seven Churches of Revelation
別迦摩大祭壇模型(柏林)
Pergamum Church 不能妥協
2/12/2006
Turkey and the Seven Churches of Revelation
3
4
5
2
6
1
7
米利都
特洛伊與別迦摩
木馬屠城記
亞歷山大大帝(356-336-323BC)
希臘帝國(但8:5-8;11:3-4)
希臘帝國(336-323BC)
One of the earliest known portraits of
Alexander the Great.

Coin of Alexander commemorating his
battles in India.
亞
歷
山
大
大
帝
亞歷山大死後帝國三分322BC
a. 以馬其頓-希臘為中心的安提柯王朝
b. 亞細亞的別迦摩王國
c. 敘利亞的西流基王朝(北國)
基督
書簡﹕
致三
教會
書信
之
比較
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