The Means of Livelihood of the Early Filipinos By: Paulo Joquiño Eljine Zhang Christian Limsui Justin Jao Raphael Nisce The Major Industries Industry Farming How they did it Products Kaingin and the use of araro or plow Hunting Spears or bows, and arrows palay, coffee, peanuts, gabi, etc. Baboy-ramo or wild pig, and other animals Fishing Spears, plant extracts, paksol- a trap, salakab-a basket-like thing, and fishing nets or lambats fish Major Industries 1. Mining-they mined metals, gold, silver, copper, and steel used for weapons like bolos. 2. Livestock raising-they raised carabaos, cows, goats, chickens, and learned duck raising and leather tanning from the Japanese. 3. Bartering or Trading-they traded with the other people from Cambodia, China, Siam, Borneo and Japan 4. Logging-they started logging when they saw the boats of the foreign traders. They soon logged, and made water conveyers for trading. Other Means of Livelihood • Pearl diving • Making native wine-like lambanog, tuba, basi and tapuy • Weaving-mats, blankets and house decorations • Making fish preserves Land Ownership There were two kinds of land ownership: 1. Public ownership- public lands were like the mountains and the surrounding area, and also plains which were less productive. Anyone could farm in this land. People may raise their livestock there too. Land Ownership • Private Ownerships: 1. By inheriting a piece of land 2. By doing kaingin-clearing the land and planting crops 3. By paying taxes to the datu in order to cultivate a part of the land belonging to the ruler/datu. It is like amortization. Technology during Stone Age • The Filipinos had technology even during the Stone Age. Tools and other equipment were made of stones and woods but they had to be polished to be useful. For example, if they were going to hunt using a spear, they had to polish the stone-made spear. • Pieces of wood were sharpened before use, and so were coconut shells. Mortar and pestle were shaped so that they could be used for pounding. • Fire was a great advancement in the Stone Age. Technology during Metal Age • Tools were changed from stone to metal, and steel mines were manufactured into blades. People learned how to make rings, earrings, etc. They also made machines for weaving and pottery • The use of plow and arrow was an advancement, so were carts with wheels, and the use of irrigation in farming.