Early Man Notes / Stone Age 1. Tools – Made tools from stone and bones of animals. Tools included: hand ax, spears, and digging tools. 2. Hunting – This was their #1 source of food. Hunted in groups and used spears and knives made from stone, bone or wood. 3. Gathering – To supplement the meat, they also collected edible plants, fruits and vegetables. 4. Nomads – People without permanent homes who wander from place to place in search of food. 5. Fire – Learning how to create and contain fire allowed them to protect themselves against predators, hunt more successfully, live in colder climates, and cook their food. 6. Farming – This is the single-most important development that allowed civilization to occur. No longer did they have to be nomads, but they could stay in one place and not have to depend strictly on hunting and gathering. They could grow their own food. 7. Settlements – Because they didn’t have to move around in small bands of people, larger groups of people could live together. There is safety in numbers. 8. Domestication – They picked the biggest and best seeds to plant so they could use the seeds of the offspring for future harvests. They also began to train animals to help them do work and bred animals to meet their needs.