Andrija Ristović

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1st South East Environment Workshop
Transport Corridors VII and X through
Serbia, Intermodal transport
Andrija Ristović
Leading organizer for intermodal transport
Freight service Department, JSC “Serbian Railways”
THE CORRIDOR VII
Corridor VII – Danube river
•
•
•
The total length: 2.850 km
The navigable length: 2.411 km
The navigable length through Serbia: 588 km
Corridor VII – Danube river
•
The Corridor VII links 10 European countries which have exits to the navigable parts
of the River Danube.
•
As Corridor VII, the Danube is an important line of communication, especially after
the opening of the Rhine-Main-Danube canal (1992). The Danube links the Black Sea
with the West European industrial centers and the Port of Rotterdam.
•
The cargo transport is mostly to do with non-mineral and mineral raw materials, iron,
copper, solid fuels and cereals, totaling altogether about 100 million tonnes a year.
There are almost 100 commercial ports in the Danube Basin, of which 11 are in
Serbia.
•
Starting from the state border with Hungary and all the way to Belgrade, the Danube
runs almost parallel with the route of the European highway and railroad, which
makes this geographical area extremely valuable and important from the economic
and every other point of view. This is further corroborated by the fact that over the
period of 2001-2009 foreign investors invested approximately two thirds of the total
foreign investments in Serbia in the area along the Danube and in its bordering parts.
Corridor VII and Corridor X
Basic infrastructure of the internal water traffic
•
Basic infrastructure of the internal water traffic is made up of the Danube, Sava, Tisa
and the Danube-Tisa-Danube canal, eight international ports on the Danube, as well
as several ports on the Sava River and one port on the Tisa River.
•
The entire length of the inland waterways (IWW) in the territory of the Republic of
Serbia at middle water levels amounts to approximately 1,680 km. Navigation
conditions on rivers vary, depending on the size of the vessel.
The length (km) of navigable waterways for ships of carrying capacity
The total navigable
length (km)
≤ 150 t
≤ 400 t
≤ 650 t
≤ 1500 t
> 1500 t
Danube
588
588
588
588
588
588
Sava
207
207
207
207
207
Tisa
164
164
164
164
164
HS DTD
600
342
321
321
-
Waterway
-
Goods traffic at major ports in 2009 (in tonnes)
Beograd
Novi
Sad
Kovin
Pančevo
Prahovo
Sremska
Mitrovica
Smederevo
Other ports
National traffic
579.865
5.717
346.435
38.185
5.028
286.723
105.658
923.679
Loading
52.400
-
328.258
37.330
37.330
5.028
94.110
542.073
Unloading
527.465
5.717
18.177
855
-
200.277
11.548
381.606
International traffic
329.285
785.306
814.237
229.575
8.828
1.850.529
655.504
Imports
273.631
153.920
230.239
229.575
8.828
1.670.367
230.897
Exports
55.654
631.386
30.482
583.998
-
-
180.162
424.607
Total
909.150
791.023
379.232
852.422
234.603
295.551
1.956.187
1.579.183
Exports of goods in tons through important ports in 2009.
year
from port
Important ports on Danube
to port
Total
Pančevo
Smederevo
Beograd
Novi Sad
Prahovo
Foreign Danube ports
Other
Danube
ports
Other
domestic
ports
Galac
8.168
-
8.168
-
-
-
-
-
Ismail
4.544
-
-
-
-
-
4.544
-
Reni
18.541
18.541
-
-
-
-
-
-
139.272
36.467
2.996
-
60.144
-
39.665
-
Đurđu
19.230
-
5.275
1.826
2.537
-
9.592
-
Ruse
88.348
4.733
20.258
3.271
36.504
-
23.582
-
Turn Severin
17.414
-
-
-
-
-
15.694
1.720
2.243
-
2.081
-
162
-
-
-
16.551
-
15.502
-
-
-
1.049
-
Degensdorf
1.803
849
954
-
-
-
-
-
Regensburg
88.747
1.505
73.762
143
4.922
-
8.415
-
Konstanca
859.960
149.331
4.022
44.047
383.974
-
278.586
-
Other ports
641.468
266.357
43.418
1.628
136.963
-
191.849
1.253
1.906.289
477.783
176.436
50.915
625.206
-
572.976
2.973
Černa voda
Bratislava
Beč
Total
Import of goods in tons through important ports in 2009.
year
from port
Important ports on Danube
to port
Total
Pančevo
Smederevo
Beograd
Novi Sad
Other
Danube
ports
Prahovo
Foreign Danube ports
Other
Domestic
ports
Galac
115.231
-
-
2.066
-
112.153
1.012
-
Ismail
9.139
-
-
-
-
8.102
1.037
-
114.782
9.481
24.063
396
29.424
-
51.418
-
19.235
-
16.348
2.887
-
-
-
-
130.188
52.242
1.681
3.726
8.416
1.267
33.721
29.135
Turn Severin
50.598
6.140
3.947
1.002
10.634
-
-
28.875
Budimpešta
15.230
-
14.306
-
-
-
-
924
Bratislava
15.162
-
11.876
1.037
-
-
2.249
-
Komarno
66.842
-
34.043
-
-
32.799
-
-
Beč
576
-
140
436
-
-
-
-
Linc
26.065
2.049
24.016
-
-
-
-
-
8.505
-
-
1.000
4.230
-
3.275
-
Konstanca
228.608
2.577
129.145
17.110
30.260
16.053
30.513
2.950
Other ports
1.995.040
101.229
1.410.802
146.055
65.946
54.594
162.432
53.982
2.795.201
173.718
1.670.367
175.715
148.910
285.657
115.866
Reni
Černa voda
Ruse
Regensburg
Total
224.968
APATIN
Port information
- Total area: 30,000 m²
- Length of quay: 340 m (total), 240 m (vertical) and
100 m (sloped)
- Number of berths: 3
- Rail connection
- Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: external
- Road connection, distance to next highway: 1.00
km
- Number of parking places for trucks: 40
Handling facilities and devices
- Luffing-slewing cranes: 1(Lifting capacity max:
6.00t)
- Fork lifters (<3t): 1
- Conveyor belt: 1
- Pneumatic equipment: 1
Storage facilities (for entire port)
- Open storage: 25,000m²
SOMBOR
Port information
- Total area: 30.000 m²
- Length of quay: 400 m (total), 400 m (sloped)
- Number of berths: 5
- Rail connection , length of rail siding: 860 m
- Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: external
- Road connection, distance to next highway: 29 km
- Number of parking places for trucks: 20
Handling facilities and devices
- Luffing-slewing cranes: 1 (Lifting capacity max: 6
t)
- Fork lifters (<3 t): 2
-Pneumatic equipment: 2
Storage facilities (for entire port)
- Covered storage: 3.960 m²
- Open storage: 13.120 m²
- Customs storage / bonded warehouse: 360 m²
- Free port zone: 2.880 m²
BOGOJEVO
Port information
- Total area: 150,000 m²
- Length of quay: 150 m (total), 150 m (vertical)
- Number of berths: 2
- Rail connection, length of rail siding: 300 m
- Shunting modes: external
- Road connection, distance to next highway: 1 km
- Number of parking places for trucks: 30
Handling facilities and devices
- Luffing-slewing cranes: 1(Lifting capacity max: 30
t)
- Conveyor belt: 1
- Pneumatic equipment: 1
Storage facilities (for entire port)
- Capacity of silos: 30.000m³ (grain)
BAČKA PALANKA
Port information
- Total area: 640.000 m²
- Number of basins: 1
- Length of quay: 342 m (total), 70 m (vertical) and
272 m (sloped)
- Number of berths: 1
- Road connection, distance to next highway: 30 km
- Number of parking places for trucks: 50
Handling facilities and devices
- Mobile cranes: 1 (Lifting capacity max: 9 t)
- Floating cranes: 1 (Lifting capacity max: 6 t)
- Luffing-slewing cranes: 1 (Lifting capacity max: 12
t)
- Fork lifters (<3t): 2
- Conveyor belt: 2
Storage facilities (for entire port)
- Covered storage: 1.000 m²
- Open storage: 12.000 m²
NOVI SAD
Port information
Total area: 350,000 m²
Length of quay: 800 m (total), 126 m (vertical) and
674 m (sloped)
Number of berths: 4
Winter harbour
Rail connection | Shunting modes: external
Road connection, distance to next highway: 2.00
km
Number of parking places for trucks: 40
Handling facilities and devices
Luffing-slewing cranes: 3, Lifting capacity max:
27.00t
Fork lifters (3-5t): 6, Fork lifters (>5t): 2
Pneumatic equipment: 1
Storage facilities (for entire port)
Covered storage: 40,000m²
Open storage: 45,000m²
Customs storage / bonded warehouse: 4,800m²
BEOGRAD
Port information
Total area: 1,000,000 m²
Number of basins: 1
Length of quay: 950 m (total), 612 m (vertical) and
338 m (sloped)
Number of berths: 8
Winter harbour
Rail connection , length of rail siding: 12,507 m
Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: own
Road connection, distance to next highway: 5.00
km
Number of parking places for trucks: 80
Handling facilities and devices
Gantry cranes: 2, Lifting capacity max: 50.00t
Mobile cranes: 4, Lifting capacity max: 40.00t
Luffing-slewing cranes: 10, Lifting capacity max:
6.00t
Fork lifters (<3t): 41 Fork lifters (>5t): 16
Reach stackers number: 1
Covered water transhipment
Craft assistance
Conveyor belt: 1
Storage facilities (for entire port)
Covered storage: 300,000m²
Racks: 4,000m²
Open storage: 650,000m²
Storage for dangerous goods: 900m²
Customs storage / bonded warehouse: 5,000m²
Free port zone: 5,000m²
PANČEVO
Port information
Total area: 2,400,000 m²
Number of basins: 1
Length of quay: 760 m (total)
Number of berths: 9
Winter harbour
Rail connection , length of rail siding: 6,100 m
Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: own
Road connection, distance to next highway: 20.00
km
Number of parking places for trucks: 200
Handling facilities and devices
Floating cranes: 1, Lifting capacity max: 5.00t
Luffing-slewing cranes: 3, Lifting capacity max:
27.50t
Fork lifters (<3t): 7 , Fork lifters (3-5t): 5 , Fork
lifters (>5t): 7
Craft assistance
Conveyor belt: 1
Pneumatic equipment: 1
Wheel loader: 3
Vehicle mounted crane: 4
Storage facilities (for entire port)
Covered storage: 40,000m²
Racks: 5,400m²
Open storage: 200,000m²
Customs storage / bonded warehouse: 107,000m²
Capacity of silos: 55,000m³ (grain)
SMEDEREVO
Port information
Total area: 35,000 m²
Length of quay: 500 m (total), 500 m (vertical)
Number of berths: 4
Road connection, distance to next highway: 15.00
km
Number of parking places for trucks: 100
Handling facilities and devices
Mobile cranes: 6, Lifting capacity max: 130.00t
Luffing-slewing cranes: 1, Lifting capacity max:
10.00t
Fork lifters (3-5t): 2, Fork lifters (>5t): 4
Craft assistance
Conveyor belt: 1
Storage facilities (for entire port)
Covered storage: 1,200m²
Open storage: 1,500m²
Customs storage / bonded warehouse: 1,000m²
SMEDEREVO FERANEX AG
Port information
Total area: 500,000 m²
Length of quay: 200 m (vertical), 300 m (sloped)
Water depth: 3.00 m
Number of berths: 2
Winter harbour
Rail connection, length of rail siding: 1,000 m
Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: external
Road connection, distance to next highway: 10.00
km
Number of parking places for trucks: 70
Handling facilities and devices
Gantry cranes: 1, Lifting capacity max: 30.00t
Mobile cranes: 3, Lifting capacity max: 130.00t
Fork lifters (<3t): 3, Fork lifters (3-5t): 2
PRAHOVO
Port information
Total area: 70,473 m²
Number of basins: 1
Length of quay: 560 m (total), 320 m (vertical) and
240 m (sloped)
Number of berths: 7
Winter harbour
Rail connection
Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: own
Road connection, distance to next highway: 160 km
Number of parking places for trucks: 30
Handling facilities and devices
Gantry cranes: 3, Lifting capacity max: 40.00t
Luffing-slewing cranes: 3, Lifting capacity max:
10.00t
Fork lifters (<3t): 1
Covered water transshipment
Craft assistance
Conveyor belt: 1
Storage facilities (for entire port)
Covered storage: 2,000m²
Open storage: 2,000m²
Customs storage / bonded warehouse: 800m²
SREMSKA MITROVICA
Port information
Total area: 500,000 m²
Number of basins: 1
Length of quay: 100 m (total)
Number of berths: 1
Rail connection , length of rail siding: 3,100 m
Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: external
Road connection, distance to next highway: 1 km
Number of parking places for trucks: 80
Handling facilities and devices
Luffing-slewing cranes: 1, Lifting capacity max:
5.00t
Fork lifters (<3t): 6 , Fork lifters (3-5t): 1, Fork lifters
(>5t): 1
Reachstackers: 2
Craft assistance
Conveyor belt: 1
Pneumatic equipment: 1
Storage facilities (for entire port)
Covered storage: 18,000m²
Open storage: 20,000m²
Customs storage / bonded warehouse: 8,000m²
ŠABAC
Port information
Total area: 5,600 m²
Length of quay: 125 m (total), 125 m (vertical)
Number of berths: 1
Rail connection , length of rail siding: 17,500 m
Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: own
Road connection, distance to next highway: 34.00
km
Number of parking places for trucks: 10
Handling facilities and devices
Mobile cranes: 1, Lifting capacity max: 12.00t
Luffing-slewing cranes: 2, Lifting capacity max:
5.00t
Storage facilities (for entire port)
Covered storage: 12,000m²
Open storage: 1,000m²
ŠABAC – INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC PORT
Port information
Total area: 451,400 m²
Number of basins: 1
Rail connection
Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: external
Road connection, distance to next highway: 34.00
km
Number of parking places for trucks: 100
Handling facilities and devices
Fork lifters (<3t): 2 , Fork lifters (3-5t): 6, Fork lifters
(>5t): 1
Vehicle mounted crane 20 tons: 1
Storage facilities (for entire port)
Covered storage: 22,000m²
Open storage: 10,000m²
Special storage: 3,000m²
Customs storage / bonded warehouse: 10,000m²
Free port zone: 7,000m²
SENTA
Port information
Total area: 17,400 m²
Length of quay: 130 m (total), 65 m (vertical) and
65 m (sloped)
Number of berths: 2
Rail connection , length of rail siding: 2,000 m
Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: external
Road connection, distance to next highway: 1.00
km
Number of parking places for trucks: 35
Handling facilities and devices
Luffing-slewing cranes: 2, Lifting capacity max:
2.00t
Conveyor belt: 1
Pneumatic equipment: 1
Storage facilities (for entire port)
Covered storage: 7,435m²
Open storage: 6,942m²
Customs storage / bonded warehouse: 1,100m²
Free port zone: 690m²
Capacity of tanks: 250,000m³ (oil products)
THE CORRIDOR X
The Corridor X
The corridor X through Serbia
Electrified (25 kV / 50 Hz) on all routes
except relation Niš – Dimitrovgrad.
Electrification of this section is planned.
Possible axle loads on Serbian rail network
Freight transport on Serbian rail network
national transport
26%
transit
31%
export
18%
import
25%
Domestic transport
2.667.572
Export
1.868.749
Import
2.611.761
Transit
3.260.637
International transport
7.741.147
Total transport
10.408.719
Import on Serbian Railways
Country
tons
Type of goods
1
Hungary
490.583
fertilizer
oil products and gas
various industrial and manufactured
products
2
Croatia
343.396
oil products and gas
containers
oil seeds and fruit
3
BIH
299.785
coal and coke
metallurgy products
oore and iron concentrates
4
Bulgaria
226.277
coal and coke
ores and concentrates of
nonferrous metals
oil products and gas
5
Slovakia
209.532
metallurgy products
coal and coke
oil products and gas
6
Romania
199.327
oil products and gas
non-metallic minerals
chemical substances
7
Austria
66.955
various industrial and manufactured
products
Non-metal mineral products
building materials
Export on Serbian Railways
Country
tons
Type of goods
1
Montenegro
326.554
metallurgy products
metal products
Ore and iron concentrates
2
Macedonia
308.913
metallurgy products
Ore and iron concentrates
oil products and gas
3
Italia
110.067
non-food products of plant and
animal origin
metallurgy products
Ore and iron concentrates
4
Croatia
95.217
metallurgy products
cereals
non-food products of plant and
animal origin
5
Albania
87.283
Ore and iron concentrates
cereals
food products, beverages and
tobacco
6
Bulgaria
85.382
non-metallic minerals
Ore and iron concentrates
metallurgy products
7
Romania
68.701
oil products and gas
food products, beverages and
tobacco
metallurgy products
Transit on Serbian Railways
•
The largest quantity of goods in transit is transported with trains from Hungary (27%)
and Austria (10%)
•
25% of the total transit is realized with trains to Greece and 18% with trains to Turkey
•
The largest transit flows are on the routes: Hungary - Greece, Hungary - Turkey,
Turkey - Hungary, Greece - Hungary, Austria - Greece, Bulgaria - Macedonia and
Poland - Romania
INTERMODAL TRANSPORT
1. Current flows in intermodal
transport on Serbian Railways
Total volume of transport flows in intermodal
transport on Serbian Railways
1.800.000
1.639.015
1.600.000
1.345.021
1.400.000
1.144.037
1.200.000
tons
1.000.000
1.463.139
1.380.551
911.006
800.000
600.000
400.000
200.000
0
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
years
Type of loading units
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
911.006
1.341.906
1.626.025
1.375.262
1.133.058
Swapbodies
0
2.953
12.908
4.580
10.887
Other intermodal units
0
162
82
709
92
911.006
1.345.021
1.639.015
1.380.551
1.144.037
Containers
∑
2010
1.463.139
The share of intermodal transport in total transport
volume on Serbian Railways (year: 2010)
11,62%
Intermodal
Conventional
88,38%
The share of intermodal transport in total transport volume on
Serbian Railways is almost without changes in last few years.
Transport volumes in national and international
intermodal transport
1.400.000
1.196.6121.200.074
1.049.969
1.200.000
1.000.000
tons
1.030.342
863.527
800.000
600.000 533.235
377.771
400.000
442.403
432.797
295.052
180.777
200.000
280.510
0
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
years
International transport
National transport
National transport is almost exclusively related to transport in opentop containers for construction of roads.
Transport volumes in import, export and transit
1.200.000
1.000.000
800.000
tons
600.000
Import
Export
400.000
Transit
200.000
0
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
years
Type of
transport
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Import
55.390
85.151
145.230
150.711
113.501
115.256
Export
12.964
19.370
27.256
28.246
19.104
17.958
Transit
464.881
945.448
1.024.126
1.021.117
730.922
897.128
∑
533.235
1.049.969
1.196.612
1.200.074
863.527
1.032.352
2. The main relations of
intermodal transport on Serbian
Railways
The main transport flows in intermodal transport on
Serbian Railways
 Inland transport (continental) – mostly in transit
 Overseas transport – mostly in import and export
Intermodal transport in transit
Organization of transport: complete
trains, shuttle trains
Type of loading units: containers,
swapbodies, semitrailers
Main relations:
 Lambach – Sindos – Lambach
 Lambach – Halkali – Lambach
 Sopron – Thessaloniki – Shopron
 Sopron – Halkali – Sopron
 Ljubljana – Halkali – Ljubljana
 Piacenza – Berceni – Piacenza
Transport volume:
 more than 1200 trains in 2009 on the
relation north-south and v.v.
 85 trains in 2009 on the relation westeast and v.v.
Intermodal transport in import / export
 only containers are transported
LEGEND
Main rail lines
Container terminal
Destination of
containers
 transport is realized in single wagons
or group of wagons (that includes
shunting process in shunting yards).
There is no complete train.
 very often there is no handling of
containers in destination station
(commodity is unloaded from container
that remains on rail car)
3. Technical base for
intermodal transport
Wagons for intermodal transport
Kgs
Sgnss
Regs
Sgnss – wagons specialized for transport of containers and swapbodies (135 wagons in
traffic on the day October 05, 2010.)
Regs – four-axle flat wagons with sides and with built-in fittings for fastening of
containers (309 wagons in traffic on the day October 05, 2010.)
Rgs – four-axle flat wagons without sides and with built-in fittings for fastening of
containers (4 wagons in traffic on the day October 05.2010.)
Kgs – two-axle flat wagons with built-in fittings for fastening of containers (205
wagons in traffic on the day October 05, 2010.)
Intermodal terminals
 There is only one intermodal terminal in Serbia (ŽIT Beograd)
 There is possibillity for handling of 20ft, 40ft i 45 ft containers
 There is no possibillity for handling of containers with RID materials
 There is no possibility for entering of complete train to the terminal
 Terminal is located in the very city center
4. Directions for future
development
Directions for future development
 Start of work of national intermodal operator “Srbijakombi”
 Founding of Intermodal Development Center
 Completion of railway sector restructuring in Serbia
 Building of new terminal in Belgrade area
THANK YOU FOR YOUR
ATTENTION !
email: [email protected]
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