doc2144772253 - International Agriculture Congress 2014

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Noor Shaila Sarmin1,2*, Md. Main Uddin Miah2 and Mohd Hasmadi Ismail1
1Department of Forest Production, Faculty of Forestry, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2 Department of Agroforestry and Environment, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh
Introduction
Results
Table 1: Seedling height, collar diameter and leaf number of four MPTs as influenced by growth containers
Materials and Methods
The study was carried in the nursery of Bangabandhu Sheikh
Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU), Bangladesh
from May to October, 2012. The experiment was used a RCBD
sampling with three replications. The containers were poly bag,
gunny bag, earthen pot and bare rooted. Tree species were
Gliricidia sepium, Delonix regia, Swietenia macrophylla and
Terminalia arjuna. Potting soils were prepared as cowdung:soil =
1:2 and container size was 23cm ×15cm for each [3]. Healthy
seeds for each tree species were collected from BSMRAU farm
and then treated with hot water for 3 minutes followed by
soaking in cold water for 12 hrs. 3 seeds were sown per container.
After germination 1 healthy seedling was kept. Data for seedling
ht (cm), collar diameter (mm) and leaf number was recorded.
Root, stem and leaf fresh and dry weight was measured for
biomass study. Data were analyzed by using MSTAT software and
the means were compared using the Duncan’s Multiple Range
Test (DMRT).
Treatment combination
[1] Gera, M. and Ginwal, H.S. 2002. Preliminary observations on field
trial of root trainer raised seedlings. The Ind. Forester, 128(1):
19-26.
[2] Dhiman, R.C. and Sood, S.D. 1994. Trials with different root
trainers and potting medial. In: Proc Seminar on root trainer
seedling production system (K. Subramanian and M. Tha,
eds.). Pune, 6: 35-39.
[3] Ferdouse, N., Jabbar, F., Hossain, M.K. and Hoque, A.T.M.R. 2010.
Comparative growth performance of Leucaena leucocephala
seedlings raised in nursery bed, polybag and root trainers. In:
Proc. of International Conference on Environmental Aspects of
Bangladesh (ICEAB10), Japan. Sept. pp(65-68)
45 DAS
Leaf number
90 DAS
180 DAS
145.7a
263.0a
8.05 b
16.91 b
36.18a
12.55e
38.13d
100.5e
G sepium-gunny bag
31.07b
119.3c
240.7b
7.52 b
17.07 b
24.80cd
11.7fg
37.73d
92.33 f
G sepium-poly bag
31.93 b
130.0b
261.0a
8.70 a
19.36 a
27.90 b
11.1 g
39.27d
127.2d
G sepium-earthen pot
26.07c
103.3d
187.5b
6.90 c
15.50 c
23.40de
7.593 i
33.20e
96.20 f
D regia-bare rooted
22.47 d
103.3d
187.3c
7.56 b
17.01 b
22.13 e
0.109k
15.77g
21.67 j
D regia-gunny bag
23.39 d
85.33e
167.7d
7.92 b
19.21 a
27.00bc
13.73c
21.08 f
22.1ij
D regia-poly bag
13.84 f
70.33 f
151.0e
6.00 d
17.15 b
25.47cd
15.1ab
23.82 f
26.06 i
D regia-earthen pot
10.0gh
13.33 l
26.67k
4.53e
8.56 f
10.00 h
12.3ef
9.33 h
9.33 l
T arjuna-bare rooted
22.27d
59.53g
117 f
3.75 f
9.71 e
16.73 f
14.73b
118.2a
320.0b
T arjuna-gunny bag
19.73f
57.0g
115.0 f
3.47 f
9.34 e
14.07 g
13.2cd
94.47b
362.7a
T arjuna-poly bag
14.77 f
46.67h
96.67g
2.74 g
8.23 f
26.7bc
12.42e
78.67c
293.5c
T arjuna- earthen pot
11.42g
22.93 j
45.33 i
2.25 g
13.12 d
6.47 i
6.33 j
21.87 f
46.00g
S mahagoni-bare rooted
13.67 f
30.00 i
57.0 h
2.47 g
4.07 h
7.33 i
15.0 b
14.42g
16.67k
S mahagoni-gunny bag
9.58 h
20.17jk
43.33 i
1.62 h
5.53 g
7.33 i
15.67a
11.17h
40.56h
S mahagoni -poly bag
8.81 h
19.47k
34.33 j
1.26 hi
4.23 h
5.97 i
12.7de
9.78 h
19.9 jk
S mahagoni -earthen pot
5.33 i
10.3m
13.33 l
0.93 i
1.17 i
2.33 j
9.77 h
3.000 i
5.87 l
CV%
5.28
2.58
2.08
6.98%
3.14 %
7.56%
3.52%
5.10%
2.41%
LSD
1.655
2.785
4.468
0.551
0.608
2.235
0.631
3.031
4.024
In a column, figure having the similar letter (s) or without letter (s) do not differ significantly as per DMRT
a
1800
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
Total fresh wt
600
Fresh weight Root
400
Fresh weight Stem
200
Fresh weight Leaf
0
Treatment combination
b
600
Dry weight (gm)
References
Collar diameter (mm)
45 DAS
90 DAS
180 DAS
36.20ª
Conclusions
 G sepium performed better in terms of plant height, collar
diameter, and biomass production followed by D regia, T arjuna
and S mahagoni.
 Gunny bag produced maximum biomass for all the treatments.
However earthen pots performance was poor for all the species
and all the sampling dates.
 For local plantation program seedlings can be grown in gunny
bag instead of poly bag.
Seedling height (cm)
45 DAS
90 DAS
180 DAS
G sepium-bare rooted
Fresh weight (gm)
Multipurpose tree species (MPTs) provides many functions both as
productive and protective. Gliricidia sepium, Delonix regia,
Swietenia macrophylla and Terminalia arjuna are important MPTs.
There is a demand of these fast growing MPTs in any plantation
programs all over the world. So, in recent years the interest for
producing quality seedlings by improved and modern nursery
technique has increased [1]. Various growth containers are used
for growing this species in nursery conditions [2] and poly bags are
widely used for its light weight, low price, durability and
availability. This experiment was carried out to compare growth
performance of aforementioned four multipurpose tree species
under nursery conditions.
500
400
300
200
Total biomass
100
Root
0
Stem
Leaf
Treatment combination
Figure 1(a,b): Biomass productivity (fresh weight and dry weight) of four
MPTs after 6 months
Acknowledgement
The author is grateful to the Department of Agroforestry and Environment, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur
Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU) for funding for the study.
*Corresponding author: Noor Shaila Sarmin; Email: [email protected]
Department of Forest Production, Faculty of Forestry, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
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