General aspects of Romanian dairy cattle sector

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Bucharest, 16-17 May 2013
SOME GENERAL ASPECTS ON
DAIRY CATTLE IN ROMANIA
H. GROSU,
I.N.C.D.B.N.A.-BALOTESTI
ITEMS
• AGRICULTURAL LAND;
• AGRICULTURAL CONTRIBUTION ON GDP;
• CONTRIBUTION OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY TO
AGRICULTURAL SECTOR;
• EVOLUTION OF THE LIVESTOCK;
• MILK PRODUCTION;
• MILK CONSUMTION;
• EVOLUTION OF THE FORAGE SUPPLY;
• SOME CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE IBNA INSTITUTE
TO SUPPORT THE DAIRY SECTOR IN ROMANIA
Agricultural land, by destination
16000
14000
14709.3
14702.3
14684.9
14635.5
13298
12000
10000
8000
9423.3
9415.1
9422.5
9405
8305
6000
4000
4861.4
4862.4
4841.8
4818.5
424.6
421.8
420.6
412
182
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
4494
2000
0
suprafata agricola
Arabil
Pasuni+fanete
Altele
Contribution of agriculture,
forestry and fishery to the GDP
6.9
6.7
6.6
6.5
6.5
6.4
6.3
6.1
5.9
6
5.8
5.7
5.5
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Contribution of animal production to
the total agricultural production
45
43.9
43
41.6
41
39.1
39
38.3
37
37.2
37.1
36.1
35
34.9
34.5
33
31
31.6
30.4
29
27
25
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2010
Livestock numbers
1989-2012
Evolution
EVOLUTION
of the total livestock and of the origin livestock in 1989
– 2012
(Source: INS, MADR 2013) – mil. animals
Origin livestock per county, %, in 2013 (Source, MADR 2013)
Evolution of cattle farm size, 2007 - 2012
(Source, MADR 2013)
80
72.44
69.61
70
64.32
59.72
59.43
60
58.05
50
40
30
30
30.57
29.35
26.43
22.59
21.25
20
10
4.02
4.83
2.3
5.77
2.98
6.52
3.49
4.05
6.41
4.53
6.89
0
2007
2008
% 1-2 capete din total
2009
%3-20 capete din total
2010
% 21-100 capete din total
2011
% peste 100 capete din total
2012
4.49
EVOLUTION
of the proportion of artificial insemination in 1992 – 2012
(Source: ANARZ, 2013)
80
76.8
73.4
70
60
54
50
47
45
54
46
46
2007
2008
53
54
47
40
40
36
38
36
30
20
1992
1995
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2009
2010
2011
2012
EVOLUTION
of the cows in MILK RECORDING in 1995 – 2012
(Source: ANARZ, 2013)
12
10.73
10
9.84
9.56
8.88
7.94
8
6.26
6
5.29
5.51
5.63
5.64
5.66
4
2
1.75
1.91
2011
2012
1.32
0
1995
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Livestock production
2001-2012
Average production per animal
EVOLUTION
of the average milk production – liters/cow, in 1989 – 2012
(Source: INS, MADR 2013)
4000
3807
3688
3493
3653
3564
3510
3540
3500
3371
3263
3133
3014
3000
2500
2595
2245
2000
1958
1500
1989
1991
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
MILK YIELD/COW IN SOME COUNTRIES
(Source: EUROSTAT, 2011)
12000
10000
9616
9583
9118
8152
8131
7595
8000
7570
7103
7011
6773
6000
3583
4000
2000
M
a
an
i
Ro
m
rit
an
ie
ar
ea
B
de
Jo
s
ia
Ta
ril
e
Ja
po
n
a
nl
an
d
Fi
ad
a
Ca
n
em
ar
ca
Su
SU
A
Is
ra
el
ed
ia
Da
n
Co
r
ee
a
de
Su
d
0
Top 10 herds belonging to RGCA
Total lactation
305 D lactation (EM)
No.
HERD
County
No.
cattle
1
HEJJA GERGELY I.I.
Covasna
8
11032.2 446.4 368.5 8987.3 365.3 309.5
2
Ferma Badeana
Vaslui
48
10572.8 441.0 384.2 9440.9 397.5 332.6
3
SC GHENIA FARM SRL
Ialomita
247
9893.6
372.6 336.8 7890.3 297.6 285.0
4
TOP STAR 2000 SRL
Covasna
23
9614.2
356.5 310.7 7899.4 293.6 264.1
5
FERMA TARZII
Vaslui
94
9206.1
393.1 340.4 7640.5 327.2 290.9
6
AGRO-VET-SRL
Covasna
19
9051.2
355.6 287.9 7484.7 295.7 239.9
7
MILK-PROD SRL
Covasna
52
7789.6
309.8 256.5 7349.2 291.0 250.7
8
S.C. AGROINVEST SRL
I.F. MUNTEANU
VIORICA
S.C. Horticola
International Sevis
Iasi
29
7652.3
307.9 257.1 7023.9 284.0 239.3
Iasi
21
7578.1
307.0 257.1 6212.7 252.5 215.5
Sibiu
105
7488.5
295.8 260.6 6386.2 252.6 236.8
9
10
L Kg
G Kg P Kg
L Kg
G Kg P Kg
EVOLUTION
of the total milk production – thousands hl, in 2001 – 2012
(Source, MADR 2013)
60000
58307
55000
55288
55444
55334
54875
53089
52761
50000
51000
50570
45000
43947
42824
41463
40000
35000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
EVOLUTION
of the production of commercial milk – thousands hl, in 2001 – 2012
(Source, MADR 2013)
31000
29000
28834
27000
27629
28197
28000
26868
25937
25000
25310
25006
23000
24017
22321
21000
21462
19000
17000
17433
15000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Forage supply
1990-2012
Cultivated area
Total cultivated area – thousand hectares
(Source: INS 2012)
9500.0
9247.1
9194.0
9123.5
9073.6
9031.4
9187.0
8946.9
9000.0
8936.1
8854.2
8826.2
8691.5
8848.4
8834.0
8557.9
8500.0
8470.5
8429.3
8000.0
7872.1
7970.9
7896.4
7500.0
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
Alfalfa + clover – thousand hectares
(Source: INS 2012)
600.0
595.8
571.6
509.4
500.0
470.0 464.1 464.0 472.5 467.7
487.6
479.7 476.8 476.3
460.8 455.3
439.1
436.2
400.0
412.9
402.1
300.0
285.1
200.0
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
Area cultivated with main crops – cereal grains,
oleaginous and green forages, %
(Source: INS 2013)
80.0
73.5
71.1 69.9
69.8
70.0
65.8 64.8
70.7
69.8
65.8
63.2
60.7
69.3
67.1
66.5
66.0
64.9
62.4
66
66.8 67.3
64.8
60.0
50.0
40.0
30.0
19.9
20.0
16.2 15.6
14.4
13.7 13.0 12.5 13.3
11.8 12.1
10.0
0.0
6.4
6.5
8.8
11.2
7.3
7.0
8.5
12.6
9.4
13.1
12.5
11.7
10.5
10.4
12.3
11.7
15.0
13.5
14.2
16.4
17.2
18.1
15.8 16.0
13.3
9.7
10.9
9.9
10.6 10.5
10.6
6.5
1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Cereale, total
Oleaginoase
Furaje verzi
Consumption of meat, milk and
eggs in 2020
[kg.(nr.)/capita/year]
Consumption of meat, milk and eggs
in 2020 (kg/capita/year)
Specification
MU
2010 (%)
2020 (%)
2020/2010 (%)
Cattle meat
Kg
6.6 (11.4)
8.9 (12.40)
35
Sheep meat
Kg
1.9 (3.2)
2.4 (3.34)
24
Pig meat
Kg
29.9 (51.64)
34.3 (47.77)
15
Poultry meat
Kg
19.5 (33.68)
26.2 (36.49)
34.1
Total meat
Kg
57.9 (100.0)
71.8 (100.0)
24
Cow milk
L
200
300
50
Pcs.
275
293
7
Eggs
EU
FORAGE CROPS FOR ANIMAL PRODUCTION: PRESENT
SITUATION AND PROSPECTS (2020; Source: MADR)
To/ha
2010
To/ha Total production
2020
(thousand to)
2010
2020
16 149
24 987
For animal
consumption
(thousand to)
2010
2020
Area
(thousand ha)
2010
2020
5573.26
4777.0
6300.0
TOTAL CEREAL
CROPS
Corn
4.3
4.5
9060.7
15075
2787.95
2108.7
3350
Wheat + rye
2.7
3.5
5774.2
8400.0
1641.64
2150.5
2400
Barley + two-row
barley
Soya
2.5
2.75
1314.1
1512.0
1143.67
517.8
550
2.4
2.5
149.9
1250
376.74
63.9
500
Sunflower
1.6
1.7
1267.4
1870
673.21
793.7
1100
Silages
30
20617.94
Fresh forages
7720.33
Hay
3312.36
PROSPECTIVE REQUIREMENT OF CROP AREA FOR ANIMAL NUTRITION (2020) (thousand ha:
IBNA data)
Forage
Corn
Wheat + rye
Barley
Cattle
Sheep and goats
Total
ruminants
Total
poultry
Pigs
TOTAL
213,46
149,66
333,95
145,59
127,75
109,76
359,05
277,41
443,71
158,91
117,15
0
190,01
131,69
13,17
707,97
526,25
456,88
697,07
383,10
1080,17
276,06
334,87
1691,10
33%
33%
33%
44%
56%
37%
168,56
225,09
345,23
0
209,41
51,15
243,34
0
377,97
276,24
588,57
0
73,22
148,32
120,89
5,76
0
131,57
133,06
0
451,19
556,13
842,52
5,76
TOTAL PROTEIN
FORAGES
738,88
503,90
1.242,78
348,19
264,63
1.855,60
% OF THE TOTAL
ARABLE AREA
35%
44%
38%
56%
44%
41%
Fresh forages
Silage
Hay
Rooty plants
TOTAL BULK FEDS
109.72
346.64
178.63
65.98
700.97
144.85
51.52
35.80
38.55
270.72
254.57
398.16
214.43
104.53
971.69
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
254.57
398.16
214.43
104.53
971.69
% OF THE TOTAL
ARABLE AREA
32%
23%
29%
0
0
22%
2136.92
1157.72
3294.64
624.25
599.50
4518.39
TOTAL CEREAL
GRAIN CROPS
% OF THE TOTAL
ARABLE AREA
Peas
Soya beans
Sunflower meal
Rapeseed meal
Grand total
Some Contributions of the IBNA Institute to Support
Dairy Cattle Sector in Romania
I. Provide a wide range of products for all farm animals species
(including dairy cows):
-
BIOCONS – biological preservative preparation used at forage ensiling
-
BOVILACT – biological additive used in cattle feeding
-
Protein-vitamin-mineral concentrates (CPVM) for cattle;
Catalogue with vitamin-mineral mixes (ZOOFORT) and premixes
Guidebook for assessing the nutritive value of feeds for ruminant
Guidebook with diet formulation for dairy cows
II. Performs the technologic transfer by marketing a wide
range of products for all farm animals species (including dairy cows) and
categories developed by animal trials
Some Contributions of the IBNA Institute to Support
Dairy Cattle Sector in Romania
III. Provides various services to farmers:
- Chemical analysis of feed;
- Chemical analysis of milk (for farmers included in
Milk Recorded Schemes);
- Estimation of the Breeding Values for dairy cattle
belonged to the General Dairy Cattle Association
from Romania
HISTORY OF GENETIC EVALUATION
METHODS IN DAIRY CATTLE
(http://www.aps.uoguelph.ca/~lrs/GROSU/BOOK.html ; January 2013)
• Horia Grosu, Romania
• Larry Schaeffer, Canada
• Pascal Anton Oltenacu,
U.S.A.
• Duane Norman, U.S.A.
• Rex Powell, U.S.A.
• Valentin Kremer, United
Kingdom
• Georgios Banos, Greece
• Raphael Mrode, UK
• Julio Carvalheira,
Portugal
• Janusz Jamrozik, Canada
• Corneliu Draganescu,
Romania
HISTORY OF GENETIC EVALUATION
METHODS IN DAIRY CATTLE
(http://www.aps.uoguelph.ca/~lrs/GROSU/BOOK.html ; January 2013)
• 1. Genetic Evaluations
I.
YEARS 1920-1970
2. Daughter-Dam Comparisons
3. Selection Index
4. Contemporary Comparisons
5. USDA Modifed Contemporary
Comparisons
6. Cumulative Differences
7. Regressed Least Squares
II YEARS 1971-2000
8.
9.
10.
11.
Linear Models
Sire Models
Animal Models .
International Models (MACEINTERBULL; UPPSALA)
12. Multiple Traits
13. Test Day Models
14. Genetic Change
15. Threshold Models
16. Survival Analysis
III YEARS 2001-present
17. Genomics Era
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