***** 1

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City of Almaty
• City of Almaty is located in the south-east of the country.
As of January 1, 2012 the area is 0.3 thousand square
kilometers, the region's population is 1450.3 thousand
people. Density of population over the region per 1 km is
4.0 people.
• Economy: transport: railway and highways, food, light
and heavy industry.
• Almaty area is divided into 7 districts.
•The main socio-economic indicators of the region for 2011
are provided in the table.
As of January 1, 2012
Area, thousand square
kilometers
Density for 1 square
kilometer
0.3
0.0
Share in total RK area, %
4.0
6.1
Index level in RK
1450.3
8.7
Share in total RK
population, %
740.9
8.4
Share in total RK EAP, %
699.2
638.1
41.7
8.4
11.4
8.8
121674
90028
Index level in RK
81022
45435
Index level in RK
114.9
117.2
Level in RK
4865.4
17.8
106.8
107.4
532.7
3.3
Share in RK index, %
Agriculture total output
(services), billion Tenge
1.5
0.1
Share in RK index, %
Fixed asset investment,
billion Tenge
415.0
8.3
Share in RK index, %
1068.6
27.6
Population, thousand people
2011
Economically active
population
employed
hired labor
unemployed
Demography:
thousand people
Region’s population is growing. In 2000 it was 1130
thousand people at the beginning 2012 – 1450 thousand
people:
1,500
1362
1,400
1287
1,300
1,200
1,100
1391 1414
1450 GRP, billion Tenge
1325
1248
1130 1129
1209
1132
1150
Monthly average nominal
salary, Tenge
Nominal population income
(estimation), average per
capita a month, Tenge
Compared to previous year
in %
1175
1,000
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
CPI (end of period), by
December of previous year
in %
Volume of industrial product,
billion Tenge
Retail trade, billion Tenge
Share in RK index, %
Share in RK index, %
Share in RK index, %
Share in total RK GRP, %
Index level in RK
Share in total RK index, %
1
Economically active population (EAP)
EAP of the region is increasing at a moderate pace and in
2011 it reached 740.9 thousand people. 699.2 thousand
people are employed, 41.7 thousand people are
unemployed. The economically inactive population made
up 388.1 thousand people, it is below the level of 2000:
Labor Force
Economically active population
Including:
Economic
Employed
ally
thousand
including:
inactive
people
Unemplo
populatio
yed
Hired
Selfn
labor
employed
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
336.6
333.3
344.8
354.4
367.3
372.3
367.6
363.5
383.0
386.4
388.1
556.0
563.3
577.3
602.0
619.1
643.4
677.3
705.5
706.9
722.4
740.9
59.9
54.0
51.6
52.7
52.2
53.0
53.1
51.9
54.6
45.5
41.7
496.1
509.3
525.7
549.4
566.9
590.5
624.3
653.6
652.2
676.9
699.2
388.7
406.3
428.8
454.5
520.9
546.8
580.2
607.3
606.3
620.2
638.1
107.4
103.0
96.9
94.8
46.0
43.7
44.1
46.4
45.9
56.7
61.1

The number of employed population increases and
unemployed population falls in both absolute and relative
terms. For 10 years, from 2001 to 2011, the employed
population has increased from 89 to 94%, while the number
of unemployed people has fallen from 11 to 5%.

Characteristic feature of the employed population dynamics
is the growth of hired labor and the reduction of selfemployed people. From 2001 to 2011 the number of hired
labor has increased from 78% to 91%, the number of selfemployed people has fallen from 22 to 9%. EAP structure
corresponds to the average in Kazakhstan:
EAP Structure in 2001
EAP Structure in 2011
6%
11%
Unemploy
ed
89%
Employed
Employed Population
Structure in 2001
94%
Employed population structure
In 2011
Hired labor
22%
78%
Selfemployed
9%
91%
2
Unemployment Level

Changing the employed population structure
is supported by a strong tendency of
unemployment rate reduction from 12.1%
in 2000 to 5.6% in 2011 and the growth of
the economic activity of the population:
70.0
• In 2011 unemployment rate in Almaty
was above the average in Kazakhstan –
5.4%:
Kazakhstan – 5.4
14.0
City of Almaty
Алматы
12.0
East Kazakhstan
Восточно-Казахстанская
City of Astana
Астана
12.1
68.0
10.8
9.6
66.0
5.2
North Kazakhstan
Северо-Казахстанская
8.9
8.8
10.0
8.4
8.2
5.4
Pavlodar
Павлодарская
5.2
South Kazakhstan
Южно-Казахстанская
7.7
7.8 7.4
8.0
6.3
64.0
5.7
Mangistau
Мангистауская
5.8
5.5
Kyzylorda
Кызылординская
5.6
6.0
Kostanay
Костанайская
5.4
Karaganda
Карагандинская
62.0
60.0
5.6
5.8
68.9
62.3
62.8 62.6
66.0
63.3
62.9
62.8
64.8
64.9
4.0
65.2
65.6
5.3
Zhambyl
Жамбылская
5.5
West Kazakhstan
Западно-Казахстанская
2.0
5.3
Atyrau
Атырауская
5
Almaty
Алматинская
58.0
0.0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Economic activity rate, %
Unemployment rate, %
5.1
Aktobe
Актюбинская
4.9
Akmola
Акмолинская
5.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
%
3
Quality of Life
Life expectancy at birth in the region is increasing and the
values are above the average in Kazakhstan:
number of years


Some of life quality indicators in 2011:
74.0
72.0
70.0
68.0
66.0
67.8
68.4 68.7 68.2
65.5 65.8
66.0 65.8
69.6
70.5 70.4
71.3 70.9 71.6
Child mortality for 1000 quick-born 17,04 14,84
Maternal mortality for 100,000
quick-born
11
17,4
Number of TB cases registered for
the first time, 100,000
68,6
86,8
68.3 68.4 69.0
67.8 67.4
66.2 65.9 66.2
66.3
67.1
64.0
Birth rate for 1000 people
62.0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Share of population with income used for consumption
below the poverty line is decreasing and it is below the
average in Kazakhstan:
%
50
46.7
44.5
37.5
40
33.9
31.6
30
18.2
20
12.7
10
0
19.4
13.1 12.1
12.6
10.6
Mortality for 1000 people
RK
12.1
8.5
12.1
13.7
8.2
3.0
6.5
2.6
5.3
2.0
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Almaty City
RK

Monthly average in tenge
Almaty City

RK
City of Almaty
17,69 22,50
8,03
8,71
Cost of living has been growing steadily since 2003,
and the values are above the average in RK:
20,000
18,638
15,786 15,557
15,000
10,000
5,000
12,282
7,247 7,765
8,752
6,457 6,785
10,089
7,618
8,410
16,233
16,072
13,487
12,660
12,364
9,653
0
2003
2004
2005 2006
Almaty City
2007
2008 2009
RK
2010
2011
4
Enrollment

160
%
18.
140
80
14.
72.5 75.4 76.9 78.7 78.9 78.2 77.3 75.4 74.9 72.9 73.6
20
0
30000
100.6 107.3 113.8 122.5 128.1 134.5 138 127.4 123.9 103.4 101
28 877
25 064
8.
40
35000
12.
10.
60
40000
12.5
24 059
6.
27 049
31 630
20 975
4.
9.5
33 410
25000
8.1 20000
39 43715000
36 939
34 396
10000
2.
5000
.
Almaty City
RK
The number of students in technical and vocational
education has been decreasing since 2007, despite an
increase of region’s population:
14.0
12.0
10.0
9.2
8.0
6.0
4.0
26,050
2.0
12.6 13.013.4 12.9
12.3
12.2
12.0
11.1
10.7
74,505
72,535
79,190
53,732 63,126
81,194
38,617
35
90,000
80,000
11.8 70,000
60,000
25
31.9 30.8
30.7
28.8
30.1
26.5
26.5 25.4 25.2 25.4
228,838
205,657
20
40,000
15
136,409
30,000
0
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Almaty City
Share in RK
30
The number of students in higher education has
been growing at a moderate pace, despite the
decrease of region’s population:
50,000
70,910 20,000
72,659
10,000
0.0

%
16.0
people
%

0
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Almaty City
Share in RK
10
165,696
189,550
221,442
250000
29.1
187,176
200000
150000
195,221
183,152
186,499
5
people
%
100
45000
15.3 15.4 14.914.6
13.913.6
14.9
13.0
16.
120
The number of children in regular preschools
has increased since 2001:
people
Enrollment share of the population aged 6-24 years has
increased since 2001 and its values are above the average
in RK:

0
100000
50000
0
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Almaty City
Share in RK
5
Population Income
Monthly average nominal salary per
employee in Almaty for 2011 is 121,674
Tenge, that is above the country’s average –
90,028 Tenge:
0

50000
100000
150000
200000
Tenge
The index of the nominal and real incomes
showed a decline during the crisis in 20092010. In these years the growth of nominal
income was less than the consumer price
index, i.e. revenue growth did not cover
inflation:
140000
121674
120000
90239
100000
tenge
Kazakhstan – 90,028
г.
Алматы
121674
City of Almaty
г.
Астана
132612
City of Astana
Восточно-Казахстанская
East Kazakhstan
73677
Северо-Казахстанская
North Kazakhstan
61712
75338
Pavlodar
Павлодарская
South Kazakhstan
67721
Южно-Казахстанская
Mangistau
Мангистауская
151041
Kyzylorda
Кызылординская
81518
Kostanay
Костанайская
67252
Karaganda
Карагандинская
77940
Zhambyl
Жамбылская
61825
West Kazakhstan
Западно-Казахстанская
87503
Atyrau
Атырауская
165975
Almaty
67638
Алматинская
Aktobe
Актюбинская
79878
Akmola
64495
Акмолинская
In the dynamics the average nominal salary per
employee and the average nominal income per
capita are ever-growing.

78021
80000
60000
39614
49201
59240
28396 32622 24235 29347
23386
17243 20123
20000 14478
40000
106597
95139
41238
69881 71012 70543
51703
38190
0
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
The average nominal salary per employee, tenge
The average nominal income per capita, tenge
135.4
135.2
130.1
140
130 127.2
%

120
119.1
116.6
111.3
107.7
110
100
90
120.4 121.1
107.9
107.5
121.7
116.7
108.5
111.1
110.8
108.7109.6
116.1 116.6
110.8
112
127.1
110.7
101.6
93.5
107.5
112.2
99.3
92.5
108 106.8
80
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Consumer price index
The index of nominal income
The index of real income
6
Economy
• GRP growth in 2011 doesn’t exceed the
average growth of total GRP of all the regions of
Kazakhstan and makes up 124.8% compared to
2010, against the total value of RK - 126.4%:
25
bln. tenge
6,000.0
22.3
19.7
5,000.0
17.6
4,000.0
20.8
18.8
18.2
18.4
17.5
18.7
18.1 17.8
20
15.97
15
4,896
3,000.0
2,950
3,1753,923
2,676
2,000.0
2,273
1,497
1,102
1,000.0
0.0
10
415 571
5
0
GRP
Region's share in total GRP
Growth of total GRP in RK – 126.4
г. Almaty
Алматы
City of
124.8
Астана
City ofг.Astana
117.9
Восточно-Казахстанская
East Kazakhstan
130.6
Северо-Казахстанская
North Kazakhstan
143.0
Павлодарская
Pavlodar
148.0
Южно-Казахстанская
South Kazakhstan
125.1
Мангистауская
Mangistau
117.9
Кызылординская
Kyzylorda
120.4
Костанайская
Kostanay
688 809
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
region's share in total GRP (%)
•
Despite the GRP growth, the city’s share in
total GRP of all the regions has fallen from 22.3%
in 2006 to 17.89% in 2011:
132.5
Карагандинская
Karaganda
128.0
Жамбылская
Zhambyl
Западно-Казахстанская
West Kazakhstan
Атырауская
Atyrau
Алматинская
Almaty
Актюбинская
Aktobe
Акмолинская
Akmola
142.1
126.2
121.2
124.9
125.9
138.1
0
50
100
150
200
% compared to previous year
7
Investment
bln. tenge
•
Fixed assets investment tends to stable significant
growth, however, its values have decreased during the crisis
in 2009-2011:
600
5 010
4,585 4654
4,211
500
400
0
4,000
2,825
2,421
200
100
5,000
3,392
300
596
54
3,000
493 485
1,704
417
383 398
1,328
334
943 1,100
278
115
6,000
415 2,000
153 166
1,000
0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Almaty City
%
Growth in Kazakhstan in general – 107.7
г.Алматы
City of Almaty
г.Астана
City of Astana
104.3
144.3
Восточно-Казахстанская
East Kazakhstan
167.0
Северо-Казахстанская
North Kazakhstan
134.7
Павлодарская
Pavlodar
112.0
Южно-Казахстанская
South Kazakhstan
104.0
Мангистауская
Mangistau
99.3
Кызылординская
Kyzylorda
RK
89.9
Костанайская
Kostanay
•
The share of fixed assets investment in the
Kazakhstan’s level of investment has decreased from
maximum 16.4% in 2004 to 8.3% in 2011:
20
124.7
Карагандинская
Karaganda
119.9
Жамбылская
Zhambyl
72.6
Западно-Казахстанская
West Kazakhstan
73.0
Atyrau
Атырауская
97.4
Almaty
Алматинская
15
16.35
10
5
•
The growth of fixed assets investment in 2011
didn’t exceed the total average level of RK regions and
made up 104.3% compared to previous year against
107.7% in general in RK:
12.16
9.05
13.95
12.52
13.80
121.6
Aktobe
Актюбинская
14.78 14.53
105.9
Akmola
Акмолинская
11.52
8.35 8.56 8.29
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
114.9
0
50
100
150
200
% compared to previous year
8
Agriculture
bln. tenge

The volume of production in agriculture
has decreased compared to 2000 and
made up 1.4 billion Tenge:
3
1,641.4
1,404.5
2
1,600
1,442.6
1,400
1,089.4
2
1.8
1
1,800
2.1
825.6
2.0
763.8
615.4
698.9
557.4 1.5
533.6
402.0
1,200
1,000
1.6
1.5
1.4
1.3
1
1.2
0.4
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Almaty City
RK
City of г.
Almaty
Алматы
0.1
City of Astana
г. Астана
East Kazakhstan
Восточно-Казахстанская
North Kazakhstan
Северо-Казахстанская
0.1
600
Kyzylorda
Кызылординская
0
11.6
4.2
South Kazakhstan
Южно-Казахстанская
Mangistau
Мангистауская
400
10.6
Pavlodar
Павлодарская
800
200
0
• The share of the region’s volume of production in
agriculture in total Kazakhstan’s volume of
industry’s production. In 2010 0.1% of country’s
agricultural production was manufactured in the region:
11.4
0.3
3.1
Kostanay
Костанайская
14.8
Karaganda
Карагандинская
5.8
Zhambyl
Жамбылская
4.7
West Kazakhstan
Западно-Казахстанская
3.7
Atyrau
Атырауская
1.3
Almaty
Алматинская
15.1
Aktobe
Актюбинская
5.7
Akmola
Акмолинская
7.5
0
5
10
15
20
% of total
9
Real Sector
bln. tenge

The growth of industrial production volumes was observed
throughout the study period, excluding crisis years 2008-2009,
when manufacturing volumes have decreased:
600
532.7
500
381.8
400
302.8
300
236.4
140.5
200
100
429.5
363.9
82.4
101.8113.3
126
70
69
36
14
114
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Mining industry output
Manufacturing output
Electricity, gas and water production and distribution
Industrial production
billion Tenge
• The share of industrial production in the Kazakhstan’s level has
decreased from 4,6% in 2000 to 3.3% in 2011:
14
12
10.4
8
6
4
2
0
10.9
10.2
10
9.3 11.5
10.9
5.2
4.6
5.1
4.8
5.0
4.8
0.0
4.5
4.6
9.5
8.3
9.7
9.4
4.9
Mln
Tenge
Share in
RK level
2010
Shar
e in
GRP
Construction
212 368
10.9
5.4
Production of food products,
beverages and tobacco
162 782
17.8
4.1
Production and distribution of
electricity, gas and water
69 877
8.3
1.8
Machine industry
52 395
13.9
1.3
Metallurgic industry and
production of finished metal
products
44 632
2.6
1.1
36 075
17.8
0.9
28 522
29.9
0.7
Other industries
27 914
92.5
0.7
Chemical industry
11 845
9.5
0.3
Production of rubber and
plastic goods
9 882
12.3
0.3
419
360
319
167
0
0
285
338
186.9
353.5
•
Real sector industries with the highest values of
production in 2010 are construction, production of food
products, production and distribution of electricity,
machine industry, production of finished metal products
and etc. These industries have the significant share in the
total production volume of RK and region’s GRP:
3.6
0.0
3.9
3.5
0.0
8.7
3.3
Production of other non-metal
mineral production
Production of finished metal
products other than machine and
equipment
0.0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
10
Sector Enterprises
15
14
11
17
16
16
14
15
13
13
2,0922,0912,045
1,9272,023
1,851
1,609
1,586
1,5661,441
1,420
500
1,600
1,400
22
23
22
24
24
25
23
18
1,200
19
18
1,000
10
800
600
5
400
965
1,6971,690
1,526
1,4361,393
1,305
1 237
1,092
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Almaty City
0
0
15
10
5
200
0
20
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Almaty City
Share in RK
0
Share in RK
• The number of working agricultural enterprises is growing:
units
120
1.8
1.6
%
1,000
11
15
%
units
2,000
units
20
2,500
1,500
• The number of construction companies has
increased since 2003, and decreased during the crisis:
1,800
30
%
• The number of industrial enterprises has decreased
sharply from 2006:
1.3
100
80
60
1.4
1.2
0.7
0.6
1.
0.6
0.7
.8
40
0.4
0.2
20
0
1.6
28
37
29
30
0.3
0.2
9
10
21
0.2
0.2
9
9
17 101 83
.6
.4
.2
.
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Almaty City
Share in RK
11
Small and Medium Business
• SME share of the region's GRP is growing
at a moderate pace and it is above the
average level in RK:
%
• The number of registered legal entities as
of October 1, 2012 is 88 853. The SME number is
88 317. The structure of the enterprises number
is close to the RK average level:
Almaty City
3%1%
RK
4% 1%
60
50
40
30.4
31.6
33.4
27.6
30
Small
20
20.3
18.9 19.7
Medium
10
Large
97%
95%
-
23.6
18.7
20.3
49.9
43.5
45.5
37.4
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Almaty City
RK
12
Interbudgetary Relations
Budget revenues of the city of Almaty in 2011 amounted to 312.4 trillion Tenge,
including 103.1 trillion Tenge of transfers from the national budget. Expenses
amounted to 323 trillion Tenge, including 52 trillion Tenge of transfers the
national budget. Thus, the region is subventional:

Name
Million Tenge
Cash
execution
Revenues
including income transfers
Expenses
including transfers
Budget deficit (surplus)
312 423.1
103 131.9
322 967.3
51 988.1
-10 544.2
350000
17326
Million Tenge
300000
250000
-1767.6
5319
-212
946
589
3502.1
814
-667
-9079
50000
-10544.3
0
Deficit (-),
surplus (+)
40665
40877
-212
2001
55540
54594
946
2002
48173
47584
589
20000
2003
66731
61412
5319
15000
2004
81119
81786
-667
2005
107296
116375
-9079
2006
156365
155550
814
5000
2007
231279
233516
-2237
0
2008
264789
266557
-1768
-5000
2009
2010
278336
274834
3502
327319
309993
17326
2011
312423
322967
-10544
-2237.4
100000
Costs and
financing
2000
10000
200000
150000
Receivables
-10000
-15000
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Revenues
Expenses and credits
Deficit (-), surplus (+)
13
Development Program for Almaty City for 2011-2015
Main target indicators:

GRP increase by 29% in 2015, compared to the level in 2010.

GRP in % to the previous year shall reach 102.8, 103.6, 104.1, 104.7 and 105.5%
respectively.

An increase of the share of industry in GRP from 5.8 to 8% in 2015 .

An increase of the share of the manufacturing industry in GRP from 4.9 to 6.0% in
2015 .

The fixed asset investment growth rate shall be 30-35%.

Export of agricultural products shall increase by 30%.

The number of operating companies in SMEs shall increase to 62%.

The share of the population with income below the minimum cost of living shall
decrease from 3.9% to 3.5% by 2015.

Unemployment rate shall fall from 7.1% to 6.4%.

Life expectancy shall increase by 2 years.

Coverage of pre-school education of all children under school age shall rise from
30.8% to 72%.
14
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