Georgian Economic Outlook

advertisement
Improvement of transport infrastructure as
a Key Issues of
development of regional cooperation and transit
Prospects of Transport and Transit Development in Central Asia and the Caspian Region
International Conference
Representative of the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development of Georgia
Ketevan Takaishvili
16 May, 2012,
Ashgabat
Country Profile
Area
69 700 sq km
Population 2011
4,5 mln.
Life expectancy
74.4 years
Official language
Georgian
Literacy
100%
Capital
Tbilisi
Currency (code)
Lari (GEL)
GDP 2011
US$ 13.8 billion
GDP - real growth rate 2011
6.8%
GDP - Per Capita 2011
US$ 3,215.0
Inflation rate 2011 (average
annual; e-o-p)
8.5%; 2.0%
Foreign Trade with EU
Foreign Trade With EU 2011
Foreign Trade With EU 2010
 Trade Turnover – 25.7 percent of total turnover
 Trade Turnover – 26.8 percent of total turnover
•
•
•
Turnover – 2,477.4 mln. USD (41.3% growth)
Export
– 424.3 mln. USD (40.3% growth)
Import
– 2,053.1 mln. USD (46.1% growth)
Turnover – 1,753.6 mln. USD (11.5% growth)
Export
– 290.4 mln. USD (22.3% growth)
Import
– 1,463.2 mln. USD (9.6% growth)
Foreign Trade EU 2004-2011
3000
2,477.4
2500
2,091.6
1,329.5
1500
1000
785.5
128.2
500
424.3
1,807.4
2000
mln. USD
•
•
•
957.1
740.3
2004
2005
1,573.1
237.5
1,753.6
290.4
225.4
216.8
657.2
268.5
335.2
1,538.9
2,053.1
1,756.4
1,104.1
1,335.5
1,463.2
2009
2010
0
2006
2007
Import
Export
2008
Total Turnover with EU
2011
Source: National Statistics Office of Geoegia
Diversified Trade Structure
Export structure by country 2011
Germany 2.2
Import structure by country 2011
United Arab Russia 1.7
Emirates 1.8
Japan 2.5
Azerbaijan 19.5
Italy 3.4
Turkey 18.0
Italy 2.6
Romania 2.7
United Arab
Emirates 3.2
Bulgaria 4.3
Turkey 10.4
Canada 5.2
Ukraine 10.0
United States
3.5
Bulgaria 3.6
Azerbaijan 8.7
Ukraine 6.5
Armenia 10.2
United States
6.6
Kazakhstan 7.2
Germany 6.8
Export structure by product 2011
Copper waste
and scrap 2.2
Russia 5.5
Waters, natural
or artificial 2.2
Ferro-alloys 20.6
China 7.4
Import structure by product 2011
Wheat and
meslin 0.9
Insulated wire,
cable and others
1.1
Fuel 12.9
Automatic data
processing
machines 1.1
Wine of fresh
grapes 2.5
Cigarettes 1.2
Other bars and
rods 2.8
Undenatured
ethyl alcohol 3.1
Motor cars 11.6
Motor cars 7.2
Sugar 1.3
Structures 1.4
Copper ores 3.9
Telephones, inc.
Mob 1.9
Gold 5.0
Ferrous waste
and scrap 5.3
Other nuts, fresh
or dried 5.9
Mineral or
chemical
fertilizers 6.6
Wheat and
meslin 2.6
Medicaments
2.9
Petroleum gases
3.4
Source: National Statistics Office of Georgia
Linking Europe and Asia (Transit-2010)
6,699,943 tons
6,602,297 tons
Russian Border
Ongoing railway modernisation project
Sukhumi
Georgian Railway
Senaki Zestaponi
Khashuri
Poti
Tbilisi
Samtredia
Marabda
Part of GR network
under modernisation
Total Budget: More
than 1,0 Bln USD
Gardabani
Batumi
Akhalkalaki
Sadakhlo
Turkish Border
Armenian
Border
Azeri
Border
APMT Poti today
General data
● Water area – 65.34 ha;
● Length of approach channel – 1.6 km;
● Length of breakwater – 1.8 km;
● Operating area – 30.0 ha;
● Total Capacity – 12 million ton;
● Total length of berth’s – 2.9 km;
● Total length of railway - 17.0 km;
● Direct access to hinterland ways;
● 100 hectare of development area;
● General and Break bulk Cargoes;
● Conventional and Project Cargoes;
● Liquid Cargoes;
● RO-RO and FERRY Terminals;
● Container Terminals;
● Multi-Purpose Terminal;
6
Port Poti – technical infrastructure
● Length – 253 m;
● Length – 211 m;
● Total area – 8.97 ha;
● Depth – 8.4 m;
● Depth – 8.2 m;
● Car parking – 654 slots (15 500 m2);
● Storage area – 13 200 sq. m;
● Storage area – 16 300 sq. m;
● Equipment – 2 MHC (100 ton each);
● Equipment – 3 (40-ton) portal cranes
● Handling capacity – 250 000 TEU/y;
● Handling capacity – 200 000 TEU/y;
7
● Stripping area – 240 TEU (12 900 m2);
● Storage:
Empty – 1700 TEU (5 high, 18 880 m2);
Full – 432 TEU (3 high, 15 630 m2
Statistics of Poti Port
Turnover (in ,000 tons)
Cargo composition
8
Batumi International Container Terminal (BICT)
BICT operates container terminal at berths 4 and 5 of the Batumi Port
Terminal Area: 13.6 hectares
Container yard: 3.6 hectares at present and 13.6 hectares when fully
developed
Container Terminal, Berths 4 and 5
Length: 284 meters
Controlling depth: 11.7 meters
Customs Warehouse with 625 m² area
Handled Containers:
2008 - 44 197 TEU
2009 - 8 813 TEU
2010 - 16 318 TEU
2011 - 45 439 TEU
Batumi Port - Ongoing Developments
Construction of new quay wall and
Construction of new container yard
yard at berth 12
● Construction starts in 2012;
● To be completed in January 2013;
● Construction to be completed in June 2013;
● Planed area – over 15 ha;
● Planned length – 282 m;
● Equipment – 13 RTG;
● Planned depth – 13 m;
● New rail line – 1.2 km;
● 3 X LHC 550 LIBHERR harbor cranes;
● New road – 1.2 km;
● Rail line – 260 m;
● Annual throughput – 400 000 TEU;
10
Basic Multilateral Agreement – the legal basis
In May 1993 during the Brussels Conference the European Union initiated a
programme on the development of the Transport Corridor Europe – Caucasus – Asia
(TRACECA)*.
On 8 September, 1998 at the Summit in Baku
thirteen countries signed the Basic Multilateral
Agreement (TRACECA MLA), hence expressing
their desire to develop economic relation, trade
and transport communications in the regions of
Europe, the Black Sea, the Caucasus, the Caspian
Sea and Asia.
The MLA was signed by Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria,
Georgia, Iran, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan,
Moldova,
Romania, Tajikistan, Turkey, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.
Lithuania is an observer. Afghanistan (in 2003) and
Pakistan (in 2004) officially applied for TRACECA MLA
full membership. Turkmenistan is a member of EU
TRACECA Programme since 1993.
* TRACECA is ambitious EU Regional Programme under which since 1993 up to now were completed more
than 65 Technical Assistance and Investment Projects with total budget more than 160 Mln EURO.
International Transport Corridor Europe-Caucasus-Asia
Old Silk Road - (around 200B/C)
TRACECA is a complex
multi-modal transport
system which aims to
develop economic and
trade relations and
transportation
links
between countries and
regions
that
is
a
significant contribution
to the revival of one of
the
most
famous
historical routes of the
Silk road.
Useful Links
New Silk Road (The TRACECA Corridor)
Constanta (Romania) and
Varna (Bulgaria) ports
Georgian Ports (Poti and
Batumi)
TRACECA border crossing points in Turkmenistan:
Turgundi, Andkhoy, Seraks;
Significant geo-strategic location of the Me3mbers of EC
TRECECA Programme* and MLA Parties** with respect to
inter-regional trade routes and transport communications
*Turkmenistan is member of EC TRACECA Programme, but not signatory Party of TRACECA MLA;
**In 2003 Afghanistan and 2005 Pakistan officially were applied for TRACECA MLA full membership;
TRACECA Technical Assistance Projects
TRACECA Investment Projects
TRACECA Projects implementation resulted in the
increase of traffic flows in region
Main Trade Routes between Europe and Northern part of
Afghanistan
I-a: Poti/Batumi-Aktau-Mazari Sharif- Kabul
$4200-4500 (6200km)
I-c: Poti/Batumi-Turkmenbashi-Herat-Kabul
$3800-4000 (3200km)
I-b: Poti/Batumi-Baku-Turkmenbashi-Herat
$3200-3500 (2300km)
II-b: Karachi-Kandahar-Herat
$4300-4500*
$4900-5100 (2140km)
6200 km
Comparison of some of indicative transportation costs per TEU via:
I – TRACECA Corridor (multimodal) *
II – Pakistan-Afghanistan (Unimodal/by road)**
II-a: Karachi-Jalalabad-Kabul
$3600-3800 (1500km)
Missing Transport Links hampering further development of Trade
and Transport in the Region
Railway connection AtamyratAqina-Andkhoy-Shiberghan
190 km
Railway connection
Kolkhosabad-Nijni PyanjShirkhan Bandar-Kundus
125 km
Railway connection
Tourgondi-Herat
102 km
19
Multimodal Terminal in Tourgundi
Multimodal Terminal in Tourgundi –Cont’d
Steps forward for efficient integration of Turkmenistan
transport system into TRACECA Corridor and its network
1. Accession of Turkmenistan to the TRACECA “Basic Multi-lateral Agreement
on International Transport for Development of the Europe-Caucasus-Asia
Corridor” (TRACECA MLA), in order to obtain fully mutual benefits from
regional cooperation and facilitation of transit between Europe and Central
Asia via TRACECA Corridor;
2. Rehabilitation of Railway connection Serketabad-Tourgundi;
3. Completion of Transport Missing Links in connection with Afghanistan and
Iran with TRACEACA transport network (Turgundi-Herat and Atamyrat-AqinaAndkhoy-Shibergh);
4. Application of favourable condition for transit transportation of goods
to/from Afghanistan via TRACECA Corridor;
22
Thank you for attention!
Download
Related flashcards

Anti-communism

17 cards

Economic ideologies

33 cards

Capitalism

24 cards

Comintern

31 cards

Marxist theory

16 cards

Create Flashcards