MANNOISE

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MANNOISE
MANagement of anthropogenic NOISE and its
impacts on terrestrial and marine habitats in sensitive
areas – proposal for a collaboration between Italy
and Slovenia
Overview of the presentation
•Noise pollution
•Aim of the project
•Partners
•Study sites
•Methods
•Output
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
2
What noise pollution is?
it is the unwanted sound that disrupts the activity or
balance of human or animal life
Effects of excessively intense noise levels:
On animals: masking of sounds used for reproduction
and navigation, reduction of usable habitat (cause of
extinction to some species), long term changes in
population structure
On humans: hypertension, annoyance and
aggression, tinnitus, sleep disturbances
On both: stress, permanent or temporary hearing loss,
other harmful effects
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
3
Many human activities can be claimed as responsible for
noise pollution
www.fuelingtheworld.com
Unwanted noise can be impulsive or tonal, loud or relativel
quiet, persistent or short/very short
Why addressing undewater noise pollution?
Because of increasing human activities in coastal
areas, it is a every-day growing problem
Most sensitive areas in Northern Adriatic, located
in highly populated coastal zones, with very high
level of human activities, are critical habitats for
key-species, both marine and terrestrial
Transboundary problem – need of joint
collaboration between neighbouring countries
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
5
Aim of the presented project
Underwater noise is one of the relevant issues in
the new Marine Strategy Framework Directive,
adopted by the EU in 2008.
MSFD requires a complete assessment of marine
environment in all EU seas within 2012 as well as
development of monitoring programmes for all
relevant parameters, including underwater noise.
This project is intended to prepare Guidance on
the Effective airborne and Underwater Noise
Management in Slovenian-Italian coastal areas
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
6
Our principal activity is to perform scientific research, test, implement and ensure
safety and health in the working and living environment as well as protection from
ionized and non-ionized radiation, fire safety, road safety, publicity and education.
ZVD d.d. takes an active part since 1960 and it is the oldest and the largest
institution on the field of assuring of safety and health at work.
ZVD d.d. is equipped with top-level equipment and employ 95 people including 5
Doctors of Science, 6 with Master's degrees and 51 university, college and high
school graduates.
ZVD d.d. covers entire region of the Republic of Slovenia and performs whole
range of services from the field of safety and health at work and living environment.
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output 7
NOISE MEASUREMENTS
Laboratory for Physical Measurement received accreditation
according to standard SIST EN ISO/IEC 17025 for performing
sound Insulation measurements in buildings and of building
materials and for measuring noise in buildings and in the
natural and living environment
SOME LAST BIGGEST ACOUSTICAL PROJECTS:
PORT OF KOPER – CONTINUES NOISE MEASUREMENTS AROUND PORT AND NOISE MAPPING
AIRPORT OF LJUBLJANA – CONTINUES NOISE MEASUREMENTS OF AIRCRAFT NOISE
MILITARY AIRPORT CERKLJE PRI KRKI – NOISE MAPPING, NOISE MEASSUREMENTS
COMBINED HEAT AND POWER STATION TE-TOL LJUBLJANA - NOISE CONTROL
ZVD Zavod za varstvo pri delu, d.d.; Chengdujska cesta 25, 1260 Ljubljana - Polje
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output 8
Institute for Water of the Republic of Slovenia
Founded in the early sixties as Water Management
Institute
 From 2004 it is a public institute
specialized in water resources management and
freshwater and maritime engineering.
IWRS serves the Ministry of Environment in legal
regulation procedures in water management planning
and water protection.
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
9
Institute for Water of the Republic of Slovenia
Staff
56 employed
12 researchers
(8 PhD)
35 engineers
11 technicians &
admin.
Field of activities:
Lead institution for organization of expert
support to the Ministry of Environment in
implementation of:
 Marine Strategy Framework Directive
 Water Framework Directive
 Flood Directive and other fields
Development and research in the fields of:
 water ecology, hydrology and river
morphodynamics;
hydrological
studies,
water
management plans and environmental
risk assessment studies;
GIS, data management.
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
10
The newly founded Department of Life Sciences of Trieste University
originates from the fusion of four departments: the Department of
Biochemistry, Biophysics and Macromolecular Chemistry,
the Department of Biology, the Department of Physiology and
Pathology and the Department of Biomedical Sciences.
More than 10 years of formal agreement between Biology
Department (University of Trieste) and WWF-Natural Marine Reserve
of Miramare
Several studies on the impact of man-made input of noise and light in
the marine environment, with special regards to the behavioral
response of target species to these stimuli
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
11
Acoustic protection of the marine bio-system
Expertize
on the topic:
Some examples:
5
Master Thesis,
2 PhD,
research
fellowship
Assessing
the extent
of1the
anthropogenic
noise pressure in
Research
onReserve
the topic(Northern
publishedAdriatic,
on international
scientific
the Lošinjpapers
Dolphin
Croatia) (2004journals
2006) - runned with the ngo Blue World Institute for marine
research and conservation
External
collaborations:
Assessing
the extent of the anthropogenic noise pressure in the
 Biology
Department,
University
Wien
Natural
Marine
Reserve of
Miramareof(2006-2008)
- research
 Blue-World
of Marine
and Conservation
supported
by theInstitute
Italian Ministry
forResearch
Environment,
Territory and
(Croazia)
Sea
 FRS Marine Laboratory of Aberdeen (UK)
 SISSA (Trieste)
 Engeneering Department, University of Parma (Italy)
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
Cooperative Society
Estabilished in 1988
Research institute from 1995
Quality certified ENI EN ISO 9001–2000;TŰV Italy
25701/2003
Highly qualified Laboratory for Ministry of Education,
University and Research
Authorized for research activity in fisheries and
aquaculture from Ministry for Agricultural, Food and Forest
Resources
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
13
Staff: 30 people, comprising mainly biologists, but also
geologists, businnes consultants, lawers…
Fields of activity:
Environmental conservation
Management of Miramare Marine Reserve
Environmental education
Scientific Monitoring of marine ecosystems
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
14
Marine Biology Station

The Marine Biology Station Piran MBS was founded
in 1969 as a Unit of the Institute of Biology, University
of Ljubljana

Today is a Unit of the National Institute of Biology
Ljubljana;

The MBS is currently the only research group in
Slovenia devoted entirely to marine scientific
research and professional work.
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
15
Staff MBS
35 employed:
 16 researchers
(13 PhD)
 10 young
researchers
 9 technicians &
administrators
Biologists, chemists, biochemists, pysics,
metereologists, geologists, …
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
Industrial Engineering Department
 The University of Parma was founded in XI century: it is
among the 4 most ancient in the world
 The Industrial Engineering Department was
established in 1990, focusing on mechanical
engineering and environmental impact of industry
 Current staff includes 38 academics, 64 postgraduate
fellows, 11 technicians/administratives
 Yearly research funds range between 350.000 € and
750.000 €, without accounting staff’s wages
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
17
Underwater Acoustics at UNIPR-IED
 Multichannel hydrophone arrays for low-frequency active
SONAR and passive source localization
 Use of innovative not-impulsive test signals for echosounding with low environmental impact
 Patented three-dimensional underwater Ambisonics probe
allows for vector analysis of pressure and particle velocity
 Software for mapping noise propagation in coastal areas
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
18
Morigenos – marine mammal research and
conservation society
founded in 2001
independent, non-profit and non-governmental organization,
dedicated to the research and protection of cetaceans and
conservation of the marine environment.
Involved in several projects in the field of scientific research,
education, public awareness and conservation
partner organization to ACCOBAMS (An Agreement on the
Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean
Sea and contiguous Atlantic Area
14 people, mainly biologists, but also veterinaries, students,
volunteers with different backgrounds
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
19
Slovenian Dolphin Project by Morigenos
Started in 2002
Long-term project
Ecology and conservation of bottlenose dolphins
Mediterranean population: proposed as “Vulnerable” by IUCN.
Only regular cetacean in the Gulf of Trieste and north Adriatic
Distribution, abundance, social structure, population dynamics, habitat
use, behaviour, fishery interactions, strandings
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
Sečovlje Salina Nature
Park

Protected area
 Ramsar Site
 Natura 2000 Site
 Conservation of wild birds – EC Birds Directive
 Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and
flora – EC Habitats Directive
 51experts
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
21
Sečovlje Salina Nature
Park
Field of activity:
production of salt with traditional methods
 from 2003 management of Natural Park and
water management
Environmental monitoring and protection
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
22
Study sites
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
23
EMISSION SOURCES
INVENTORY
CHARACTERSATION OF NOISE EMISSIONS
Underwater noise
emissions
- Shipping, boating
- Construction works (coastal)
- Road traffic, urbanization*
- Airport
* Urbanization includes also
emissionsfrom recreational
sources
airborne noise emissions
- Shipping, boating
- Construction (coastal)
- Road traffic, urbanization
- Airport
- Shipping, boating
- Construction (coastal)
STATE OF ENVIRONMENT MONITORING
Underwater - background noise
airborne - background noise
Underwater noise levels monitoring
airborne noise levels monitoring
IMPACTS
Marine fauna
Intertidal fauna, marine
birds, turtles
Terrestrial fauna, human
health
RESULTS
UNDERWATER NOISE MANAGEMENT
airborne NOISE MANAGEMENT
Limit values
Limit values
Sensitive areas
Hot spot areas
Sensitive areas
Hot spot areas
Safety distances
Safety distances
Safety distances
Safety distances
AIRBORNE NOISE MONITORING AND MAPPING
Noise monitoring:
- 4 noise monitoring terminal
- short time measurements on all locations
Airborne Noise mapping:
- costal traffic
- water traffic and activities
- other noise events
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output25
Data Management
Measuring part
AIRBORNE NOISE MONITORING
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output 26
Long term monitoring of Underwater noise
5 sonobuoys in study areas
1 sonobuoy offshore location
connecteded to VIDA
Vida:oceanographic buoy
Reception station at MBS
Soundfish: innovative buoy to
record noise directionality and
particle velocity
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
27
Study of coastal fish assemblage
Nondestructive
visual census
methods
•Vertical transects
•Horizontal transects
•All-occurence sampling
Habitat types
Species richness
Abundance
Cryptobenthic and
Endolitic species
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
Acoustic census and playback in the field
!!!!!!
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
29
Laboratory work
GROARR?
GROARR!
1=video camera; 2=videorecorder; 3= recorder; 4= hydrophone;
5= loudspeaker; 6= Portable recorder
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
Boat based and land
based surveys
C-pod
Photo-ID
Behavioural sampling
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
Monitoring target species
All Species
5039
EX:
distribution of
breeding
species
Plotting data on maps
5038
5037
5036
389
390
391
392
Measuring biological diversity
We will be able to answer to question such as:
how well are we doing?
Is human noise harming target species ?
what difference are we making?
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
32
NOISE IMPACTS ON TERRESTRIAL ANIMALS AND HUMANS
CRITERIA FOR NOISE IMPACT ON HUMANS (Existing legislation - EU)
•
•
•
•
Annoyance,
sleeping disturbance,
Interference with communications, schools, communities,
hearing damage.
ASSESSMENT OF NOISE ON ANIMALS (No legislation exists - EU)
• For domesticated species the issue is still damage
to individual animals or impacts on production and
profits.
• For wild animals high noise levels can interfere
with chance of their survival and stability of species
population.
• The abandonment of nests and resulting death of
young birds are possible.
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
33
Outputs:
Noise maps of the Northern Adriatic coastline
Handbooks with guidelines, informative material
Set animal-safe limit values for man made noise
Develop mitigation measures
Create a website accessible to the large public
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
34
In the framework of Prioritary AXIS 1 of the ItalySlovenia collaboration, this project will:
Protect the peculiar biodiversity of Northern
Adriatic
Protect environment from noise pollution and
technological risk
Estabilish a long term collaboration for the
management of the coastal area
Develop strategies for conservation and
management of natural areas (protected or not) and
Natura 2000 sites in the area, which is one of the
most preserved in Europe
Overview - Partners - Sites - Methods - Output
35
36
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