Classical Civilizations

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Glossary
 Government
in which
one person has
uncontrolled or
unlimited authority
over others
A
natural formation
or structure that
prevents or hinders
movement or action
 Figures
and
ornamentation were
drawn on the natural
clay surface of a vase
in glossy black
pigment; the finishing
details were incised
into the black.
 Geographical
boundaries
 An
independent state
consisting of a city
and surrounding land
A
relatively high level
of cultural and
technological
development relating
to the ancient Greek
and Roman world
 The
most ornate of
the three main orders
of classical Greek
architecture
characterized by a
slender fluted
column having an
ornate bell-shaped
capital decorated
with acanthus leaves.
The spread of cultural
elements from one area
or group of people to
others by contact

A god or goddess,
divine character or
nature
 Government
people
by the
 Land
that is usually
sparse vegetation
A country, government,
or the form of
government in which
absolute power is
exercised by a dictator
 Form
of government
in which people
collectively make
decisions for
themselves
 Is
characteristic of
classical Greek
architecture. This
style of column
tapers at the top, is
generally fluted and
has a simple squared
capital (top or crown)
and no base.
To ship (commodities)
to other countries or
places for sale and/or
exchange
Form or system of rule
by which a state,
community, etc., is
governed

One of the three main
orders of classical
Greek architecture,
characterized by two
opposed volutes in the
capital. The column has
scroll-shaped
ornaments on the
capital, or top. Stands
on a base of stacked
disks, shafts are usually
fluted, but can be plain
To bring in commodities
from other countries or
places for sale and/or
exchange
 Land
completely
surrounded by water
 Anything
handed
down from the past
 Form
of government
in which total
sovereignty is
invested in one
person
A
landmass that
projects upward,
higher than a hill
 Form
of government
in which all power is
vested in a few
persons or in a
dominant class or
clique
 Temporary
banishment of a
citizen, decided upon
by popular vote
Land surrounded
by three sides of
water

The
rational
investigation of
the truths and
principles of
being,
knowledge, or
conduct
Flat
land
 The
doctrine of or
belief in more than
one god or in many
gods
A
strong,
vitreous,
translucent
ceramic
material

Were painted in glossy
black pigment in
silhouette on the orangered surface of the vase;
details were added
largely by incising. In the
red-figure style,
decoration was also
outlined in black, but the
background outside the
outline was filled in with
black, leaving the figures
red
Form
of
government
founded on the
principle of
elected
individuals
representing the
people
Any
of various
instruments for
measuring and
recording the
vibrations of
earthquakes
Form
of
government in
which God or a
deity is
recognized as
the supreme
civil ruler
A
route followed by traders for the
exchange of goods
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