Temperate Rainforest - 19-028

advertisement
Temperate forests grow in regions that have a wide range of climates, and
despite the fact there are fewer plant and animals species than in the
rainforest, temperate forests are one of the richest habitats on the planet.
Temperate forests contain numerous different animals that live within them
and even migratory animals
Location: The Temperate
Rainforest is located in North
America.
Animals that live in
Temperate Rainforest
Slug
http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/biomes/images/temprain/slug_4823.jpg
The word "slug" is also often used
as part of the common name of
any gastropod mollusk that has no
shell. The slugs are one of the
most difficult animals to control.
The slime helps it crawl and
protects the soft underside from
sharp objects.
Blue Grouse
http://www.marietta.edu/~
biol/biomes/images/tempr
ain/blue_grouse_5085.jpg
Blue Grouse is primarily a species of the northern
Rockies, and north-coastal mountains and forests. Its
solated populations extend as far south as southern
Arizona and New Mexico. Blue Grouse breeds in montane
forest communities with relatively open tree canopies, and
may occupy adjacent shrub-steppe habitat out to 2
kilometers from the forest edge. Breeding habitat may be
dominated by Ponderosa Pine, Douglas-fir, or true fir
species, sometimes with an aspen component. This
species winters almost exclusively in montane conifer
forests, often at high elevations Breeding activities begin
in April. Clutches vary greatly in size, up to 10 or more.
Territorial males typically return to the same breeding site
year after year, and most adult females return to the same
general areas chosen as yearlings Nests are always on the
ground with some overhead cover, usually placed under
shrubs, rock overhangs, logs or stumps. Nests may also
occur at the base of large trees with no immediate cover
in older mature forests. In fall and winter, the diet consists
largely of conifer needles; leaves, flowers and berries may
be consumed in summer.
Clark's nutcracker
They use their dagger-like
bills to rip into pine cones
and pull out large seeds,
which they stash in a pouch
under their tongue and then
carry away to bury for the
winter.
http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/biomes/images/temprain/cl
ark's_nutcracker_5377.jpg
The Clark's Nutcracker has a
special pouch under its tongue
that it uses to carry seeds long
distances. The nutcracker
harvests seeds from pine trees
and takes them away to hide
them for later use.
Plants That Live in
Temperate Rainforest
Queens Cup
These flowers like the shaded habitat of the
forest floor the most, but are also seen along
rivers and streams which are thick with
brush. Their northern limit is the Yukon and
can be seen as far south as California, their
boundary to the east are the Cascade
Mountains in Washington.
The Queen's Cup beautiful star shaped
white flowers appear during late May to
July. After the blooming period a single
blue berry appears on top of the slender
stalk which are poisonous to humans.
http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/biomes/images/temprain/temperate_
rainforest_5011.jpg
Bunchberry
http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/biomes/image
s/temprain/temperate_rainforest_4979.jpg
The bunchberry has red berries in the
summer but dries up in the fall. When the
berry dries up it feels crunchy. These red
crunchy berries contain the seeds for next
year's plant. This is how the plant
reproduces itself. Birds like the berries, so
they eat the berries, and the seeds are
scattered through the birds's droppings.
Before the berries are on the plant the
bunchberry has a white flower. The petals
shoot out pollen into the air. From this
berries are produced. And from here the
seeds are made to start the new plant.
Red Columbine
http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/b
iomes/images/temprain/columbi
ne_up.jpg
Red columbine is pollinated by
hummingbirds, which may depend on
the plant as an important nectar
source. In addition, at least four bee
species have been found to be
effective pollinators of red columbine
in southeastern Wisconsin and
northwards.
Red columbine is found in dry to mesic or even low woods, especially
along borders or clearings of oak-hickory, oak-maple and maple
basswood forests, black-oak savannas, cedar glades, pine woods, and
mixed conifer hardwood forests. It can also be found on wooded to open
rocky hillsides, bluffs, calcareous cliffs, outcrops, ledges, banks, beach
ridges, gravelly shorelines, roadsides, quarries, and peat bogs.
Temperate Rainforest Abiotic Factors
Temperate rain forests are found on the
western coast of North and South America,
along the Pacific Ocean. They are cooler and
drier than tropical rain forests. Abiotic factors,
or nonliving factors, of a temperate rain forest
include temperature, water, cloud cover, soil
and light. These abiotic factors interact with
biotic, or living factors, to form the rain forest's
unique ecosystem. Abiotic factors influence
what type of living organisms survive in
temperate rain forests.
http://img.ehowcdn.co
m/articlenew/ehow/images/a07/
nh/4q/abiotic-factorstemperate-rain-forest800x800.jpg
Much of the sunlight is blocked by the frequent clouds and fog.
Even when the sky is clear, the tall canopy of the rain forest
blocks much of the sunlight from reaching the forest floor. This
factor, combined with the high precipitation, creates a dark and
humid forest floor. Insects, mushrooms and fungi thrive in the
temperate rain forests.
Human Activities That Affect Temperate Rainforest
http://www.greenpeace.org/newzealand/Global/international/planet2/image/2002/10/clearcutting-of-canada-stempe.jpg
Although temperate forests are found in
many latitudes between the polar circles
and the tropics, the temperate rain forests
are restricted to small areas where rainfall
levels lay between 200 and 400 cm.
Farming, mining, hunting, logging and
urbanization are some of the human
activities that have affected negatively this
biome, resulting in biodiversity loss,
pollution, deforestation and habitat loss and
fragmentation.
http://blogs.ei.columbia.edu/wpcontent/uploads/2012/04/Shadow
ySESEBobSteveMVmay08600x423.jpg
Why Do these Activities Happen in Temperate
Rainforest?
Since the timber companies have been running into difficulties in the
U.S., they have been turning to other countries where the laws are
more in their favor.
Illegal logging has soared over the past decade, especially since
borders opened after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Hunting is another factor of human activities that effects the
habitat of animals in the temperate rainforest. People and hunters
kill animals for food and for fun. Even species which are
endangered are being illegally hunted causing the loss of rarely
found animals.
My Opinion:
Hunting and logging are human activities that is being
practiced by people loggers and hunters in a Temperate
Rainforest. People use logging and hunting as a means of
livelihood. However, people tend not to care about the biome.
Most of them kill animals all though it is not for important
reasons affecting the animals and plant habitat. In my
opinion, hunting and logging are considerable if they take
care of the eco-system. Consequently, if they do it for fun then
it is never a good effect on the biome especially if it effects the
life of some endangered plants and animals.
What can be done to prevent the bad human activities?
As our population expands so does the need for areas to live.
Humans have contributed to the loss of our forest areas by cutting
down trees that are home to many animals and wildlife. The trees
in our forests also help contribute to our water cycle and plants in
our forest prevent soil erosion. Unfortunately, due to
deforestation, the planet's forests have shrunk by half its area in
the past 11,000 years.
Wildlife that call our forests and bodies of water home are being affected
by the pollution we create. Some species are even close to extinction.
People should hunt and cut trees by taking into considerations the habitat
of endangered animals and plants that live in the temperate rainforest so
that the eco-system will not be in danger by their bad human activities.
http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/biomes/temprain.htm
Bibliography
http://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/insect/05515.html
http://nmpartnersinflight.org/bluegrouse.html
http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Clarks_Nutcracker/lifehistory
http://www.sierraclub.bc.ca/education/ecomap/southern-interior-mountains/2queenscup
http://partner.galileo.org/schools/bpeak/plants/bunchberries.html
http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_aqca.pdf
http://www.ehow.com/info_8111258_abiotic-factors-temperate-rain-forest.html
http://darwin.bio.uci.edu/~sustain/bio65/lec15/b65lec15.htm
http://greenliving.lovetoknow.com/How_Do_Humans_Affect_the_Environment
Download
Related flashcards

Dairy products

15 cards

Japanese cuisine

27 cards

Agricultural gods

13 cards

Sauces

41 cards

Water

38 cards

Create Flashcards