Mieke De Schoenmakere

Resource efficiency and
circular economy on the
agenda in Flanders
Putting resource efficiency back on the agenda – FoEE – 24 november 2014
Mieke De Schoenmakere
Belgian coordinator Resource efficiency/Circular economy
Mieke De Schoenmakere
Government of Flanders – International Environmental Policy Division
Is resource efficiency slipping off
the agenda?
It shouldn’t be!
Roadmap Resource efficiency =
wide range of areas
covering a
Confronted with many problems
But also a lot of opportunities at
environmental and at economic level
Through resource efficiency and circular
Is resource efficiency slipping off
the agenda?
 Who is responsible for it?
Shared responsibility!
Complicated issues ask for a mix of
solutions at different levels
Circular economy in Belgium
The Belgian Presidency of the EU
Second half 2010
Council conclusions on ‘Sustainable materials management
and sustainable production and consumption: key
contribution to a resource-efficient Europe’
all key stakeholders, including business, trade unions, scientists/academia,
NGOs, as well as national and
regional governments and local authorities, with a view
to creating an EU platform for the transition to
resource-efficient economy
cross sectoral approach
Roadmap to a Resource efficient Europe
September 2011
One of the objectives: national strategy on resource
Including actions on Circular economy
Competences spread
Federal level
Regional level: Brussel Capital Region, Flanders, Walloon Region
Circular economy in Flanders
Action at different levels
Legislation: transposition of the Waste
Framework Directive (2010)
from ‘Waste decree’ to ‘Materials
from ‘Waste hierarachy to ‘Materials
= result of transition that started
years befor
Action Plan: Flemish Materials Programme
(English version of the brochure is
Circular economy in Flanders(2)
People, profit, planet approach - economic,
ecological and the social dimension.
Focus on cooperation and sharing responsibility:
• Government as facilitator
• industry
• science and knowledge institutes
• civil society.
Experience in Flanders so far: RE/CE has helped to
create an understanding between societal actors that
we are tackling the same challenge.
The Flemish Materials Programme
Business world, authorities, knowledge institutions
and civil society
join forces
and combine ambitious long-term development,
policy-relevant research and concrete actions.
respectively done within
• Plan C (a transition network)
• SUMMA (a policy research centre) and
• an operational plan with 9 levers and 45
priority and concrete actions.
The Flemish Materials Programme: 9 levers
Flemish Materials Programme: specific sector
Example: Critical metals
End-of-life vehicles:
500 000 cars exported / year from Port of
Antwerp for second or third life in developing
Are we responsible for ESM end-of-life in
developing countries?
What about loss of critical metals due to
substandard recycling techniques in developing
WorldLoop for cars:
setting up local collection and recycling
facilities based on Flemish know-how
shipping hazardous elements + parts needing
high-tech treatment (e.g. printed circuit
boards) back to Flanders
Flemish Materials Programme:
specific sector (2)
Example: Critical metals
Bottom-up / Top-down: available high-end recycling
technology / safeguarding environmentally sound
management & critical materials stocks
Transition steps towards a circular economy:
• Emerging business by combining beginning & end
value chain
• Public-private participation
• North-South win-win
The Flemish Materials Programme: examples
• Better cooperation
Symbiosis project
• Smart investments
• Sustainable design
Eco-design in higher
SIS toolkit
Materialsscan – How does it work?
Overview material use: kg and
• Lost costs become visible >
waste costs
• Simulations on cost savings
• Scan is for free
More information (only in
Materialbalance in permit
‘omgevingsvergunning ‘ from
2016 onwards
Materialsscan – Successes and barriers
 Successes:
30 scans executed, 35 scans in progress
Broad range: Building-, wood-, plastic-,
textile-, metal- and foodsector
• New insights at companies
• Opportunities working together with other
 Barriers:
Finding the right person
The right scope of scan
Difficult transfer of information from company
to scanner (kg and €)
SMEs often don’t see added value > too much time
Other priorities
No interest > we don’t have waste
Exchange of materials, energy, water,
infrastructure, … , between companies
Need of cooperation knowledge- and
research institutes (better coordination
design and end of life phase)
Strong link with materialsscan
What is (im)possible when it comes to
high qualitative exchange of secundary
materials and resources?
EHE Kit – SIS Toolkit – Ecolizer 2.0
Mieke De Schoenmakere
Thank you for
your attention!