Sustainability January 2012 Sustainability- What is it? Sustainability is meeting present needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs* Vibrant Economy Social Equity Sustainability Healthy Environment To International Paper this means . . . 1. Managing Natural Resources 2. Reducing Environmental Footprint 3. Building Strategic Partnerships * Source: Brundtland Commission Guiding Principles Evaluate the entire supply chain for sustainability opportunities • • • • • • Raw Material Manufacturing Packaging Design Distribution Product Use Recovery / End of Life Build partnerships for greater success • Collaboration helps uncover additional opportunities • Partnering enables supply chain improvements beyond one’s own company Raw Material Sourcing Managing Natural Resources Renewable Paper-based packaging is made from trees, a renewable resource-- our fiber-based packaging is 100% renewable Third-Party Certified Our containerboard and boxes are third party certified Our use of a particular standard is dependent upon the location of the facility or forest--sourcing fiber from the closest source is one way that we ensure our environmental responsibility Currently 100% of our boxes can be labeled with the SFI Fiber Sourcing logo Regenerate the Forest Regeneration is a critical component of the forest life cycle, and use of our corrugated packaging encourages long term, responsible forest stewardship Demand for trees helps ensure that tree farmers will continue to keep their land forested rather than sell their land for development or clear it to grow other crops Demand for wood-based products helps to maintain forests and ensures that trees are managed responsibly Recycle Balance We balance renewable, virgin fiber with recycled fiber for optimal performance for our customer’s supply chain Third-Party Certification Certification ensures wood fiber is tracked from the forest to the consumer, with assurance that it comes from responsibly managed forests Organizations like the Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI) set certification standards, then accredited auditing firms verify a company’s performance against those standards–much like a financial audit verifies a company’s financial performance Certification is supported by conservation groups, fights illegal logging while recognizing rights of indigenous peoples and protects water, soil, wildlife, and endangered forests 90% of paperboard and 93% of containerboard produced in the United States is supplied by SFI Participants The SFI® mark is a registered mark of the Sustainable Forestry Initiative . Certification Statistics How Many Forests Are Certified? Across the world less than 10 percent of forests are certified, and in North America, approximately 30 percent are certified. U.S. Forestland Ownership Who owns the American Forests? Government-Owned (146 million acres) Privately-Owned (356 million acres) Because approximately 70% of U.S. forestland is privately-owned, certifying forests is difficult and very fragmented Commitment to 3rd Party Certification International Paper supports 3rd party certification – all credible organizations Our use of a particular standard will be dependent upon the location of the facility or forest The idea that one forest certification system is preferable over all others is based on non-empirical, obsolete information We believe that the focus should be on reaching the 90% of the forests that are uncertified with improved standards, rather than debating areas that are already sustainably managed Our global certification policy and the certification status of our operations are publicly available at ipsustainability.com Balance in Sources of Fiber Which is better virgin (new) or recycled? Recovered Fiber Virgin Fiber Collection/separation Harvest • Distance to transport • Distance to transport • Re-pulp & de-ink • Chip & pulp • Fossil fuel energy • Biomass energy • Solid waste There is no one “right” answer -- each choice results in tradeoffs between performance and environmental impact Virgin vs. Recycled Comparison Over the lifetime of a box Performance was similar in the first 2,000 minutes, after which the recycled box failed And eventually (after 5,000 mins) so did the virgin box Considerations for your supply chain requirements and demands should be assessed to get the optimal performance. Cyclic humidity (50% RH for 6 hours 90% RH for 6 hours .Loaded at 6.4% of BCT(or 11.4% of BCT @ 85%RH Summary Virgin vs. Recycled Which is better for the environment? It Depends! Paper fibers can be recycled an average of 4-7 times, so both are essential to making the entire system more sustainable There cannot be recycled paper without virgin paper to begin and sustain the cycle Virgin fiber that is grown and harvested sustainably helps keep private land forested Requiring SKU / product specific recycled content percentages suboptimize the system and can lead to less sustainable practices IP finds the best suitable outlet for the fiber, leading to a balance between virgin and recovered fiber. Manufacturing Reducing Our Environmental Footprint Energy Our mills use >70% renewable energy which is self-generated and carbon neutral Since 2003, IP has invested over $250 million in energy efficiency improvements. Green House Gas (GHS) Emissions We are founding members of the voluntary Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX) and the EPA Climate Leaders Program in the U.S. Under the Climate Leaders program, we committed to reducing emissions 15% from 2000-2010, and exceeded that goal by double Fuel We have increased the amount of renewable fuel usage by over 5%since 2004, and decreased fuel oil and natural gas use by 49% per ton of product since 2001 in the U.S. Water We are focused on water conservation, recycling water within our mills and protecting water quality in waterways that receive our water after use From 2004-2008, our effluent decreased by 4% When accounting for evaporation and precipitation, over 99.5% of total water inputs are returned to the environment GHG Emissions Under the Climate Leaders program, we committed to reducing emissions 15% from 2000-2010, and exceeded that goal by double Climate Leaders Data, includes all US Operations Packaging Design Remove Through innovative paper and packaging design, we have made extensive progress in removing unnecessary packaging and less desirable materials while delivering value to suppliers, retailers and end-users Reduce Using performance-based and lighter weight papers and liners, our design experts optimize the amount of material in the packaging, so it’s not over engineered but serves its purpose across the supply chain “Right-size” and optimize packaging design for performance, product-to-packaging ratio and cube utilization for efficiency across the supply chain Renewable Our structural design experts help customers determine the right balance of fibers and the right packaging design to minimize material requirements without compromising strength and performance Recycle / Recyclable Our corrugated packaging is 100 % recyclable and contains an average of 34% recycled content We offer many innovative solutions that replace packaging materials that are not recyclable We collectively improve packaging sustainability and the environmental impact when we share the latest innovations, collaborate together and incorporate new ideas into products and activities Remove Packaging CORRDrum™ with Triplewall Corrugated Technology™ A revolutionary all corrugated drum which replaces fiber, steel, plastic, and composite drums • Made from recyclable linerboard and medium • Complies with SFI sourcing standards • Can be reused after providing product protection and end-user or consumer storage • Used in a variety of food products such as cereal, pasta, vegetables, and industrial chemical products • The package is recyclable with OCC eliminating the cost of landfill disposal and can provide revenue to retailers and end-users Reduce Packaging Box Compression Test Pro Box Compression Test Pro (BCTPro), International Paper’s corrugated packaging solution helps suppliers of Wal-Mart improve their sustainability commitments. • Proprietary technology built in to BCTPro helps deliver packaging solutions that perform throughout the supply chain • BCTPro tests result in better utilization of materials, transportation and energy • Optimizes corrugated packaging solutions by removing unnecessary packaging and reducing suppliers’ total costs through the supply chain Reduce Packaging Square or near square RSCs waste material Resizing for same cube or reorienting the opening can reduce blank size 20 x 20 x 10 17.4 Sq ft 20 x 10 x 20 13.2 Sq ft 24% reduction Reusable Packaging • Display-Ready Packaging for Fresh Produce • Using performance-based papers, optimized basis weights and removing excess materials “right-sizes” the packaging • Improve efficiency and retail appeal while reducing material use, “less desirable materials,” handling and waste • Common footprint, modularity, and shelfready packaging minimize waste and improve cube utilization Distribution Global footprint Our vast geographic footprint enables quick delivery and speed to market, which equals quicker sales and realized profits Strategic locations close to major retailers to better serve them and our CPG customers Transportation Multiple locations reduces travel distance Turnkey solutions under one roof enable manufacturing, pack out, etc. to all occur in one location vs. travel from facility to facility Through optimized design, we reduce materials used, maximize cube utilization and product-topackaging ratio, freight costs and reduce truckloads and lower green house gas emissions with less fuel Warehouse Efficiency gains in labor and warehousing with fewer pallets, modular designs, and shelf-ready packaging Reduce Packaging Power Wing Display / Self-Shipper Reduces the environmental footprint of the standard power wing display by minimizing the number of components and eliminating the master shipper • Self-shipping display uses an “overwrap” with a perforated die-cut that can be removed for easier retail setup • 40% less corrugated material used – reduction of display components and no master shipper • Overall cost savings – 4 fewer pallets needed for same quantity of displays shipped • The gravity feed design provides large billboard space to communicate brand message and product benefits Product Use Reuse Our corrugated containers are often used multiple times to transport, protect and store products. Our engineers develop packaging systems with the entire supply chain in mind and use materials that are reusable and returnable Our corrugated packaging is 100 percent recyclable, so after its initial useful life it can be recycled and reused to make another product Performance Products are designed and engineered for top performance with minimal environmental impact—from protection and retail sales to reusability and recoverability Design incorporates in-store activities to minimize the number of components and complexity of getting the display to the retail floor and shopped by the customer Reusable Packaging Bulk Bin Packaging International Paper engineers develop multiple-trip and closed-loop bulk packaging systems for the supply chain with corrugated materials that are reusable and returnable. • Many paper-based packaging solutions produced by the company can be reused after providing product protection and end-user or consumer storage • Freight, labor, warehousing, and waste are reduced with International Paper reusable bulk packaging systems • Used in a variety of food products such as pumpkins and watermelons Recovery / End of Life International Paper Recycling One of the largest recyclers in the world, with extensive experience in recycling services A leader in buying and selling recovered paper to mills globally, recovering more than six million tons of recyclable products each year Well positioned geographically with 20 facilities in the U.S. and Mexico to serve customers in North America and close to major ports for export access Recycling Services Results Our consulting expertise identifies areas to reduce costs or improve profits, We help maximize warehouse space for product inventory, maximize the life of recovered fiber by using it in the most optimal application, reduce landfill waste and improve customers recycling revenue stream Recycle(able) Packaging Use materials made of the highest recycled content without compromising quality • In 2008, recovery of Old Corrugated Containers was 81% • But paper production can not rely on recovered fiber alone - Paper fibers can only be recycled 4-7 times • Recovered fiber growth rate is slower than the projected global fiber demand needs • International Paper is one of the world’s largest paper recyclers – 6 million tons collected • International Paper’s corrugated packaging contains an average of 34% total recycled content Recycle(able) Packaging TM ClimaSeries - the latest technology in cold chain packaging that replaces waxed boxes • Recyclable - Unlike wax products, ClimaSeries® boxes are salable though the regular OCC recovery system. • Performance - Boxes that meet or exceed the performance of the entire spectrum of current waxed packaging. • Cost-Effective - ClimaSeries® products help you get product to market fresh, protected, and in a recyclable package. ClimaSeries® products are cost-effective from a product and supply chain perspective. Recycle(able) Packaging “Duracool” Display-ready, fully recyclable alternative to Expandable PolyStyrene (EPS) packaging • Recycles with other OCC and also reduces packaging, freight, and retailer labor costs throughout the supply chain. • Certified under the Fibre Box Association protocol as fully recyclable and fully repulpable • Specially treated package assures ambient moisture and fungicide treatment stay on grapes instead of being absorbed by the package Partnerships for Greater Success Partnering with International Paper’s packaging team gives you experts at every stage in the lifecycle of your corrugated packaging We can help optimize fiber use and reduce environmental impact throughout the supply chain We build sustainability into your business with products and practices that are not only the right environmental choice, but also the smart economic choice Wal-Mart’s Sustainability Improvement Goals • Be supplied 100% by renewable energy • Existing stores 20% more efficient in 7 years • New stores 30% more efficient in 4 years • Trucks 25% more efficient in 3 years; 50% in 10 years • Create zero waste • 25% reduction in solid waste in 3 years • All private brand packaging improved in 2 years • Sell products that sustain resources and environment • 20% supply base aligned in 3 years • Preference given to aligned suppliers in 2 years Wal-Mart’s Packaging Scoreboard Metrics Used to Evaluate Packaging METRIC DESCRIPTION WEIGHT Greenhouse Gas Emissions Auto-populated by material with industry average CO2/ton 15% Sustainable Material (Material H&S) Material Health & Safety based on industry average OSHA score 15% Product-Package Ratio Amount of packaging relative to product driven by # units, weight (SKU spec.) 15% Cube Utilization Measure of fit – product to package ratio (SKU specific) 15% Transport Distance Distance converted packaging travels to ‘pack-in’ facility 10% Recycled Content Auto-populated by material with industry average recycled content 10% Recovery Value Auto-populated by material with industry average recovery rate 10% Renewable Energy 3rd party evaluated usage 5% Extra Credit / Innovation 3rd party evaluated energy efficiency, etc. 5% Summary Paper based packaging is inherently sustainable International Paper has a strong sustainability platform Renewable and recycled fiber sources Biomass utilization and greenhouse gas reductions Performance and design optimization Wal-Mart’s scorecard reflects an understanding of the integrated nature of the global corrugated packaging industry Scorecard using industry averages for many attributes for corrugated, not an individual company’s recycled vs. virgin. Packaging design (product to packaging ratio and cube utilization) is critical as you can directly impact the score at the SKU level International Paper has the tools, resources, and track record to help you with your sustainability goals and improve your scorecard results NOTICE: The information contained in this document is confidential and proprietary to International Paper Company ("IPCO") and no part may be reproduced, copied or transmitted in any form or for any purpose without the express prior written consent of IPCO. This document and all content are the property of IPCO and is protected by U.S. and international copyright laws and all rights are reserved worldwide. Use of the copyrighted content is subject to the terms and conditions of use established by IPCO. Nothing contained in this document should be construed as granting any license or right to use any of the copyrighted content without the prior written permission of IPCO. 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