(formal) (部分)组成

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Unit 4 Section B:
Engelbreit’s the Name, Cute Is My Game
New Horizon College English
Book Ⅲ
Contents
I. Reading skill
II. Fast reading
III. Structure
IV. Important Words
V. Detailed study of Text
VI. Exercises
I. Reading skill
-- Appreciating Figurative Language
Practice
Discuss the literal meanings and contextual
meanings of the following underlines words and
phrases from Passage B.




1. crushed
– To crush is to press something so hard that it is broken.
– Here it means the harsh words from publishers made her heart
broken.
2. a come-down from her high expectations
– To come down is to move downward and lower.
– Here it means drawing greeting cards was a fall in her life’s goal.
3. boasts
– The car is personified. A car cannot boast; only the creator of the
card boasts.
4. acid
– acid means have a sour or bitter taste.
– If a person has an acid tongue, she or he is very critical of others or
other things.
Practice
Discuss the literal meanings and contextual meanings
of the following underlines words and phrases from
Passage B.

5. trademark
–
–

6. the core of Engelbreit’s life
–
–

A core is the central part of a certain fruit.
A core of one’s life means the important part of one’s life.
7. feet are planted firmly on the ground
–
–

a trademark is a special name, sign, word, marked on a product.
Here it means being cute is Mary’s distinctive characteristic.
When one puts his or her feet firmly on the ground, he or she is down-toearth.
In other words, he or she is very realistic or practical.
8. taking off
–
–
To take off is to leave the ground and begin to fly.
Here it means her work began to be successful.
back
II. Fast reading.
1.When she flew to New York, mary Engelbreit expected
that ___ .
A. she would illustrate children’s books
B. she would be better suited to greeting words
C. she would give a try at drawing greeting cards
2.All the following are the results of that fateful,
disappointed trip to New York except___.
A. selling an astonishing 14 million greeting cards a year
B. annual retail sales amounting to $100 million
C. one of her bolder cards showing a young girl in
overalls
3.You can tell Engelbreit’s cards from 20 paces away
by___.
A. her eyes
B. their colors
C. their hearts
4.Which of the following characteristics is most
important to Mary Engelbreit?
A. Cheerful
B. Down-to-earth
C. Cute
5.Accordint to Engelbreit, ___ could help
people with the demands of modern life.
A. being humorous
B. being cute
C. old-fashioned things
6. All the following have some influence on
Mary Engelbreit except___.
A. Jessie Willcox smith
B. Raggedy Ann
C. Johnny Gruelle
7.The birth of her son in 1980_____.
A. helped to broaden her vision of art
B. made her work become pictures of daily life
C. made her interested in everyday life
8.According to the author, Mary Engelbreit finally realized her
dream of illustrating a children’s book because_____.
A. she had enough money
B. she was very successful in greeting cards
C. she succeed in many ways
back
III. Structure :
How did Engelbreit realized her American dream?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
from age four
as soon as she could hold a
pencil
while she attended
secondary school
two years after she met Phil
Delano
after that ill-fated trip to New
York
while she was eight months
pregnant
after graduate
three years after she started
her company
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
impressed with illustrations
from the children’s books
sold hand-drawn cards to a
local shop
married
worked for greeting-card
companies
started her own company
worked in an art-supply
shop and later as a
designer
licensed the copyright to
the cards
started drawing
IV. Important Words
astonish
–
–
–
verb [T] 使……惊讶
If something or someone astonishes you, they
surprise you very much
e.g. She astonished everyone by announcing her
engagement.
 联想:astonished, astonishing
astonish


近义词:surprise, amaze, startle, shock
常用于以下句型中:
 Sth. / Sb. surprises/ amazes/ startle / shocks sb.
 It surprises/ amazes/ startle / shocks sb. that…
 It surprise / amazes/ startle / shocks sb. to do…
 What surprises / amazes/ startle / shocks sb. is…
comprise
–
–
–
(formal) (部分)组成(整体)
If you say that something comprises or is
comprised of a number of things or people,
you mean it has them as its parts or members
常用结构:be comprised of(整体)由……(部
分)组成
–
e.g. The class is comprised mainly of Italian
and French students.
comprise
–
–
近义词或词组:
compose ;consist;constitute;be made up
of
 compose:be
composed of(整体)由……
(部分)组成
 consist:consist of (整体)由……(部分)
组成
 constitute:(部分)组成(整体)
 be made up of(整体)由……(部分)组成
feature
–
作名词:
① 特色,特征 a prominent aspect of something
 ② 相貌,面貌 the characteristic parts of a person’s
face
 ③ 故事片 the principal film in a program at a movie
theater
 ④ 专题报道,特写 a special or prominent article in a
newspaper or magazine
作动词:(slightly formal)
 以……为特征,为特色 have as a feature
e.g. This restaurant features the most famous chefs in
France.

–
–
feature
–
–
注意:feature有时易与figure弄混淆
figure既可以作名词也可以作动词。
作名词:
① 图表 a diagram or picture illustrating textual
material
② 体形,外形 the shape of the human body
③ 数字 digit
④ 名人,人物 a well-known or notable person
⑤金额,价格 a amount of money expressed
numerically
作动词:猜想,估计 calculate, estimate, reckon
bold

adjective
– ① 无畏的,大胆的 fearless and daring
– e.g. The little boy was bold enough to
walk in the dark street.
– ② 清晰的,醒目的 clear and distinct
– ③ in bold type/print 用粗体字
gratitude 感激,感谢
–
altitude 海拔,高度
–
attitude 态度
–
solitude 孤独,独居
words derivation
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
literature~literary
influence~influential
commerce~commercial
myth~mythical
distinct~distinctive~distinction
imagine~imaginary~imagination
decorate~decoration
distribute~distribution
illustrate~illustration
take off
phrasal verb
 to suddenly start to be successful or
popular
 e.g. her singing career has just begun
to take off.

show up
phrasal verb, informal
 to arrive somewhere in order to join a
group of people, especially late or
unexpectedly
 e.g. We were expecting thirty people to
come, but half of them never show up.

turn(sb./ sth.)down
phrasal verb [M] to refuse an offer or
request
 e.g. ① he turned down the job because
it involved too much traveling.
② He offered her a trip to Australia
but she turned him down.

with an eye to
 注意,此短语不是短语动词(phrasal
verb),虽然中文翻译为“关注”,但
在句子中不能直接作谓语。
 e.g. He bought the cottage with an
eye to retiring there.
have one’s feet on the ground
–
–
idiom have a sensible or realistic attitude to
life
e.g. He is always talking about his big plans to
be a great actor. You should tell him to keep
his feet on the ground.
V. Detailed study of Text
1. Once you know Engelbreit's distinctive style,… (Para.
4)
distinctive: a.
that distinguishes sth. by making it different from
others;
clearly different from others and therefore easy to
recognize
e.g. His voice was very distinctive. 他的声音很特别。
1.Once you know Engelbreit's
distinctive style,… (Para. 4)

Compare:
distinct: a.
1) different in kind; separate
e.g. His hobbies are quite distinct from his work.
他的业余爱好同他的工作性质截然不同。
2) easily heard, seen, felt or understood; definite
e.g. I had the distinct impression that she was lying.
我当时明显觉得她在说谎。
2. Ann Estelle (named after her grandmother) is the
imaginary representative of Mary's outlook. (Para. 4)

imaginary: a. existing only in the mind; not real
e.g. In the novel the writer creates an imaginary world that
is completely different from ours. 作家在小说中创造了一个完
全不同的世界。
Compare:
imaginable: a. that one can think of
e.g. His house was equipped with every luxury imaginable.
他这栋房子极尽奢华之能事。
imaginative: a. having or showing imagination
e.g. His writing is highly imaginative. 他的写作极富想像力。
3. …children's literary classics… (Para. 7)

classic:
n. a famous book, play, etc. which has a lasting value
e.g. As I grow older, I like to reread the classics regularly.
随着年龄的增长,我喜欢经常重读经典作品。
a.
1) (of a book, play, etc.) important and having a lasting value
e.g. the classic children's film Huckleberry Finn
2) having a simple, traditional style which is always fashionable
e.g. She wore a simple classic suit. 她穿着一套简朴的传统服装。
3) typical
e.g. It was a classic case of bad management.
3. …children's literary classics… (Para. 7)

Compare:
classical: a.
1) traditional, not modern
e.g. classical ballet 古典芭蕾舞
2) (of music) serious and having a value that lasts
e.g. I prefer classical music to pop or jazz.
3) relating to ancient Greece or Rome
e.g. classical architecture 古典建筑
VI. Exercises
Finish the rest exercises on Book 3, page 118.
The End
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