CoherenceFinal_SiddonsPPT

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The Instructional Systems
Program at Florida State
University Presents:
Multimedia Principles:
A Primer
Multimedia Principles:
A Primer
Lesson
Intro
Start
Lesson
Play the
Game
Introduction
Kem Siddons
Start
Lesson Objectives
During this lesson, you will:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Be introduced to Mayer’s Multimedia Principles
Define the Coherence Principle
Experience violations of the Coherence Principle
See how to apply the Coherence Principle
Test your knowledge in a game format
Instructions
This lesson is presented in PowerPoint and utilizes the
following:
1. Action Buttons (AB) dictate the flow of the
presentation
2. AB’s with arrows indicate going to the next slide
(=>) or back one slide (<=)
3. The AB with the figure of a house restarts the
lesson from the beginning
4. Avoid hitting the space bar or clicking areas outside
of AB’s as this will advance lesson out of order
The Multimedia Principles
The contiguity
principle:by
placing
text near
graphics
Developed
Richard
Mayer
improves learning
Six principles
for integrating
The multimedia principle:
Adding graphics
to words
multimedia effectively into
can improve learning
instruction
The modality principle: explaining graphics with audio
improves learning
The Multimedia Principles
The redundancy principle: explaining graphics with
audio and redundant text can hurt learning
The coherence principle: using gratuitous visuals,
text, and sounds can hurt learning
The personalization principle: Use conversational
tone and pedagogical agents to increase learning
The Coherence Principle
Now we’ll study the Coherence Principle in
more detail . . . .on the next slide you’ll watch
a video explaining the principle and its use.
When you want to stop the video, click
anywhere on the screen; click again to restart.
The Coherence Principle
Click Here to Start the Video
Game Introduction
Now test your knowledge with our version of the popular TV
show Who Wants to Be a Millionaire:
• There are 6 successive questions, from $1,000 to $32,000
• If you miss one question, you’re out
• 50:50 is the only Life Line available in this version
• Use of 50:50 is available for each question
• The timer simply reminds you to make a decision
For $1,000:
50:50
Who is credited with developing the
Multimedia Principles?
Timer
Time’s
89
6
4
5
1
2
7
3
Up!
0
d
A: Robert Gagne
B: Malcolm Knowles
C: Richard Mayer
D: Jean Piaget
For $1,000:
50:50
Who is credited with developing the
Multimedia Principles?
Incorrect; the right response is C:
A: Robert Gagne
B: Malcolm Knowles
C: Richard Mayer
D: Jean Piaget
Next
For $1,000:
50:50
Who is credited with developing the
Multimedia Principles?
Richard Mayer is correct!
A: Robert Gagne
B: Malcolm Knowles
C: Richard Mayer
D: Jean Piaget
Next
For $2,000:
50:50
How many principles constitute
Mayer’s Multimedia Principles?
Timer
Time’s
89
6
4
5
1
2
7
3
Up!
0
A: Four
B: Five
C: Seven
D: Six
For $2,000:
50:50
How many principles constitute
Mayer’s Multimedia Principles?
Incorrect; the right response is D:
A: Four
B: Five
C: Seven
D: Six
Next
For $2,000:
50:50
How many principles constitute Mayer’s
Multimedia Principles?
You’re correct!! There are 6 Principles
A: Four
B: Five
C: Seven
D: Six
Next
For $4,000:
50:50
The Multimedia Principles are
guidelines for integrating multimedia
into what area of pedagogy?
Timer
Time’s
89
6
4
5
1
2
7
3
Up!
0
A: Testing
B: Learning Theory
C: Collaboration
D: Instructional Design
For $4,000:
50:50
The Multimedia Principles are
guidelines for integrating multimedia
into what area of pedagogy?
Incorrect! the right response is D
A: Testing
B: Learning Theory
C: Collaboration
D: Instructional Design
Next
For $4,000:
50:50
The Multimedia Principles are
guidelines for integrating multimedia
into what area of pedagogy?
Correct! The right response is D
A: Testing
B: Learning Theory
C: Collaboration
D: Instructional Design
Next
For $8,000:
50:50
Mayer defines multimedia as
presenting material using what?
Timer
Time’s
89
6
4
5
1
2
7
3
Up!
0
A: Words & Pictures
B: Video & Pictures
C: Text and Audio
D: Video Only
For $8,000:
50:50
Mayer defines multimedia as
presenting material using what?
Incorrect! The right response is A
A: Words & Pictures
B: Video & Pictures
C: Text & Audio
D: Video Only
Next
For $8,000:
50:50
Mayer defines multimedia as
presenting material using what?
Correct! The right response is A
A: Words & Pictures
B: Video & Pictures
C: Text & Audio
D: Video Only
Next
For $16,000:
50:50
Timer
Which of the following is a definition of
the Coherence Principle?
Time’s
89
6
4
5
1
2
7
3
Up!
0
A: Adding graphics to words
can improve learning
B: Using gratuitous visuals,
text, & sound can hurt learning
C: Explaining graphics with
audio improves learning
D: Placing text near graphics
improves learning
For $16,000:
50:50
Which of the following is a definition of
the Coherence Principle?
Correct! The right response is B
A: Adding graphics to words
can improve learning
B: Using gratuitous visuals,
text, & sound can hurt learning
C: Explaining graphics with
audio improves learning
D: Placing text near graphics
improves learning
Next
For $16,000:
50:50
Which of the following is a definition of
the Coherence Principle?
Incorrect! The right response is B
A: Adding graphics to words
can improve learning
B: Using gratuitous visuals,
text, & sound can hurt learning
C: Explaining graphics with
audio improves learning
D: Placing text near graphics
improves learning
Next
For $32,000:
50:50
Which of the following supports the
psychology of the Coherence
Principle?
Timer
Time’s
89
6
4
5
1
2
7
3
Up!
0
A: Distracts from key
instructional points
B: Helps learners organize
information
C: Activates relevant prior
knowledge
D: Helps learners focus on
key instructional points
For $32,000:
50:50
Which of the following supports the
psychology of the Coherence Principle?
Correct! The right response is A
A: Distracts from key
instructional points
B: Helps learners organize
information
C: Activates relevant prior
knowledge
D: Helps learners focus on
key instructional points
Next
For $32,000:
50:50
Which of the following supports the
psychology of the Coherence Principle?
Incorrect! The right response is A
A: Distracts from key
instructional points
B: Helps learners organize
information
C: Activates relevant prior
knowledge
D: Helps learners focus on
key instructional points
Next
You now have $1,000!
Next
You now have $2,000!
Next
You now have $4,000!
Next
You now have $8,000!
Next
You now have $16,000!
Next
You now have $32,000!
You Won the Game!!
Next
Thanks for Playing!
Better Luck Next Time!
Thanks for Playing!
Lesson Summary
• Multimedia Principles developed by Mayer
• Six principles that guide lesson development
• Coherence Principle: avoid gratuitous multimedia
• In other words, “Less is More”
The Instructional Systems
Program at Florida State
University
The Coherence Principle
Lesson One in a six-part multimedia lesson series
Designed and Produced by Kem Siddons
Instructional Systems Program
Florida State University
October 2010
The Instructional Systems
Program at Florida State
University
EME6415
Development of Computer Courseware
Dr. Allan Jeong
Multimedia lesson designed and developed using
PowerPoint, Camtasia, GarageBand, and iMovie on
an iMac.
The Instructional Systems
Program at Florida State
University
Questions and Comments Welcome
at [email protected]
Osprey Down East Productions
Musical Interlude : Quite Afternoon by Stanley Clarke
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