• A statement, argument, or claim that is argued,
defended, or supported in an essay.
• Answers the writing prompt
• Includes:
• Opinion and why it is important/what you
intend to prove.
• Highlight the thesis statement
• Does it answer the prompt?
• Can it be supported?
Topic Sentence
The topic sentence contains the central idea
around which a paragraph is developed. A good
one has the following five characteristics:
• It introduces the topic of a paragraph without
announcing it.
• It plants questions in the readers’ mind.
• It uses thought-provoking words.
• It is the first sentence of the paragraph.
• Can provide a transition from the previous
Evaluating Topic Sentences
• Re-Read your rough draft
• Highlight each topic sentence.
• Identify which characteristics each topic
sentence contains.
• Revise topic sentence if necessary.
• This is the analysis part! This is where you include a
detailed explanation of strategies used by the writer.
• When writing an analysis, it is crucial that you work
chronologically/ or by strategy through the
text. This means that you start at the beginning of
the text and work your way through it by discussing
what the writer is saying and the effectiveness of the
strategies he/she is using at the beginning, middle,
and end of the text.
• Sometimes this means that you will discuss each
paragraph (one at a time), and sometimes this
means that you will divide the text into sections
and discuss the beginning, middle, and end of
the text. Whether you discuss each paragraph or
each section depends on the length and
organization of the text itself.
1. Topic Sentence
2. The second sentence conveys the writer’s
support for the main idea by identifying and
providing a specific example used by the writer.
3. The third sentence identifies the effect of the
writer’s use of the rhetorical strategy and explains
how it helps the writer achieve his/her purpose by
using an in order to statement.
4. and 5. Repeat 2 and 3
6. The sixth sentence concludes the paragraph
and reinforces the topic sentence/thesis.
• Every analysis paragraph MUST:
• Identify the part of the text you are analyzing by
using transition words and strong verbs to
explain what is being said.
• Identify the strongest strategies used in that
particular section. This includes incorporating
specific text examples into your own words. Do
NOT try to discuss every strategy the writer uses;
pick the strongest!
• Clearly and specifically explain how the rhetorical
strategies are used to help the writer achieve his/her
• The above items must be woven together seamlessly
into one sophisticated paragraph of the body of
your analysis essay.
In other words…
• Point = Topic Sentence
• Evidence = first example to support topic sentence-usually a quote
• Analysis = explanation of how that evidence
supports the topic sentence
• Repeat Evidence and Analysis
• Conclusion
Read each other’s rough draft.
Identify any part of the rough draft that lacks clarity.
Identify and circle all transitions.
After the rough drafts have been marked
appropriately, each student will revise his or her
essay for coherence. For confusing parts, the writer
should ask if transitions would make it more clear.
• For each transition the writer used, he or she should
ask if the meaning of the passage would be less clear
without the transition. If the transition adds no
clarity, it should be deleted.
Put SOAPS in your introduction and follow
this format:
1. Speaker, Occasion, and Subject
• (Writer’s first and last name), in his/her (type of
text), (title of text), (strong verb ) (writer’s
2. Purpose
• (Writer’s last name)’s purpose is to (what the
writer does in the text).
3. Thesis
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