Population, Priorities and Planning

the presentation
Population, Planning and Priorities
Presented by – M.D. Lele, Chief Planner, CIDCO
Relevance at the occasion
 Request to speak on “Challenges of urban settlements and
CIDCO’s experience ”
 PPP in vogue. Why not speak on other 3P’s…People, Planning
and Priorities to solve Problems
 Given the state of the nation today, temptation to add POLITICS
 So many P’s at a time on a public platform may create ??..
India Today
 Adding an Australia every year i.e. about 20 million !
 Outnumber the Chinese by 2041
 How the housing shortage (constantly pegged at 24 million) remains
static! Are we really matching the pace, I wonder at times !
The rate of urbanization in India will accelerate by leaps and
bounds and Maharashtra will continue to top the chart
 35 million plus cities in India in 2001 and the figure may
cross the century mark in 2 more decades, leaving urban
planners at the receiving end !
 Urban Population exploding, next 3 decades will see
50% population
 Need to plan for them to provide good living conditions
 Since resources are limited, we need to prioritize
 As the growth is rapid, appropriate policies and
prioritization is must
The eternal triangle
The City
Politics for development or one upmanship ?
The eternal triangle - Relationship
 People living in the cities are affected by the planning/policies
of the ULBs
 Planning of the ULBs addresses the city problems and are
based on available resources
 Resources are limited; Manpower, Money, Material and
Management and not the least TIME. Hence prioritization is
 Land : Indispensable and valuable resource
 Challenge is to judiciously assign activity/use to land
 The policies framed should benefit the people with optimum
use of resources
Where do we begin ?
 Let’s first have enough planners to deal with the myriad
 Plan for more planning schools and development of
associated human resources
 2 new Planning Schools have become functional at Bhopal
and Vijaywada
 CEPT University at Ahmedabad runs the M.Tech course in
Infrastructure Planning.
 Planning courses at undergraduate level and infrastructure
management at PG level in institutes.
 Thus our priorities are right !
City Planning
 The most used tool by planners – Development Plan
 Development Plan – 20 years perspective
 Facilities/Utilities – Gestation period, long lasting
 Planning objectives must address people’s requirements
and aspirations
 Failure to recognize them fails the plan (Encroachments,
Unauthorized layouts, Undeveloped SF – PU)
 Dual approach – Whole to part and part to whole
 Need for ‘Short Term Action Plans’
Planning – Decision making matrix
 The Three Es while allocating resources including land
 Economy
 Equity
 Environment
 Competing cities - Chennai, Gurgaon, Pune
 Competing uses - Malls, Multiplexes, Schools
 Environment – Can we ignore it to compete and
provide more lucrative uses ?
 Inclusive approach for city’s sustenance – being
Attributes of Planning/Plan
 Futuristic vision
 Proper assessment of problems
 Flexibility in approach – Structure Plan
 Provision of space to accommodate future
requirements /trends, contingencies
 Pragmatic policies
Attributes of Population
 The plan must cater requirements of all population
classes viz. Children, Under-privileged, Physically Challenged,
Aged, Homeless, Cosmopolitan, etc.
 The push-pull migration factor
 Distinct shift towards cities
 Productivity of cities
 Equal opportunity for all to prosper
Attributes of Policies
 Each city is unique and has its own characteristics
 Ground realities
 Understanding of how people live
 What the city needs
 What the people need
 Centrally prepared policies - Single solution not workable
 Issues and solutions should be identified locally
 Best public interest of maximum number of beneficiaries
 Comprehensive approach after identifying all influencing
factors and likely fall-outs
Attributes of Priorities
 Long-term benefit over short-term pain
 To extend the benefits to the under-privileged/
 Scarce resources, hence imperative to get priorities
 Decision taken – Asset created, if unused all resources
wasted, precious time lost
Failure in Implementation of plans
 Only upto 20% of DP proposals could be implemented
 Lack of resources
 Political will
 Lack of vision
 Litigations about land/contracts
 Mismatches between needs and priorities
Reasons for poor services
Population pressure
Absence of long term planning
Governance Issues
Inadequate cost recovery
Precarious financial position of ULBs
Poor operation and maintenance of assets
Inadequate capacities of assets/people
Rationale for JNNURM
 Challenge lies in bridging the Infrastructure deficit
 Backlog
 Present requirement
 Future needs
 Creating an environment & statutory framework for
smooth transition
 Need a departure from Business as Usual
 JNNURM: A response to this challenge
 Improving O&M of assets
JnNURM: The Context
 Urban Water Supply, Sanitation and Roads will need about
28,035 Crores for next 10 years
 Urban Transport Infrastructure in cities with population more
than 1 Lakh will need 207000 Crores for next 20 years
 Over a seven-year period, ULBs would require investments of
Rs. 1,20,536 crores.
 JnNURM plans investment of Rs 50,000 crores over 7 years
 To be matched by State and local governments
 Rest to be raised from Private Sector Participation
Objectives of JNNURM
Ensure adequate
funds to fulfil
Bring about urbanisation in a
dispersed manner through
planned development of cities
development of
infrastructure services
in the cities
JNNURM seeks to
encourage reforms and fast
track planned development
Provision of
services for the
urban poor
Secure effective linkages
between asset creation &
asset management to make
infrastructural services selfsustaining
of old cities
Outcome of JNNURM Reform Agenda
 Modern and transparent budgeting, accounting, financial
management systems, designed and adopted for all urban
services and governance functions
 City-wide framework for planning and governance will be
established and become operational
 All urban residents will be able to obtain access to a basic level
of urban services
 Financially self-sustaining agencies for urban governance and
service delivery will be established, through reforms to major
revenue instruments
 Local services and governance will be conducted in a manner
that is transparent and accountable to citizens
 e-Governance applications will be introduced in core functions
of ULBs resulting in reduced cost and time of service delivery
Assess rightly the population needs
Frame pragmatic policies for inclusive development
Prioritize actions
Execute decisions
Constant Review
Because….. Planning is a continuous process!
Thank You