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Mobility in Bangalore:
The journey so far, and the road ahead
Ashwin Mahesh
IIM Bangalore
A program of continuous improvement
A new space for many more stakeholders
Enabling knowledge-based changes
A growing urban area
8 million people in BBMP,
with continuing migration
linked to new jobs and
opportunities.
About 150,000 people
move into the city each
year.
Set within an even larger region of growth!
Another 2-3 million in
larger metropolitan
region.
Growth rates outside
BBMP are even higher, in
some directions.
Plenty of unorganised
development, which
needs to be streamlined.
Central Government
-
Urban Development
Housing
Foreign investment
Environment
Transport
State Government
-
Urban Development
Transport
Traffic Police
Emergency
Planning
Utilities
Housing (regulation, schemes)
BMTC
Metro (with Centre)
Municipality
-
Road, footpaths, drains
Utilities
Building bye laws
Point of contact for citizens
So, where do we begin?
a regional view
identify who
should do what
must begin now
must have the force
of law
must deliver value to citizens
must measure progress regularly
MPC for Bangalore / BMRG Bill
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Roads, Traffic and Transportation
Public Safety and Security
Urban Poverty Alleviation
Heritage
Water and Sanitation
The Urban Environment
Education
Public Health
Power
Housing
Tourism
Financing Bangalore
PlanBengaluru
Transportation
-
Strengthen public transport services and infrastructure
-
Apply technology to improve management, as well as planning
-
Maximise use of existing infrastructure; new projects can wait
-
Create an independent focus on NMT – pedestrians, bicyclists
-
Tighten zoning, building-bye laws, and design of public spaces
The journey so far
Tele-density from mobile tower network
GPS units on city buses, other vehicles
Police traffic cameras at junctions
Integrated view of live traffic conditions
Accessible through SMS
Violation reports through SMS
Blackberry-powered enforcement
Plenty of real-world learning and fun!
Asset management
•
Cameras, signals, modems monitored 24x7
•
Downtime leads to automatic SMS alert to crews
•
Resolution time monitored for performance
•
Escalation matrix for unresolved issues
Mapping accident hot-spots
Bangalore Transport Information System
India’s first Traffic Management Centre
Direction-based bus services
along with significant fleet expansion
Communication Design
Revenue and kilometers
Coming ….
Branded feeders
Junction redesign
Junction elimination
instead of road widening
Ducting utilities on 14 arterial roads
A dedicated budget for footpaths
Metro-Zone footpaths – 30km this year
The road untraveled
Design!
Indifference to pedestrians
A standard design for all infrastructure
Work-zone management, please?
Very slow construction
Can we create public squares?
Transit Centres – Location, Design
Transit Centres – Location, Design
Lack of continuous data collection
Bicycling – beyond enthusiasm?
Can we put a proper price
on use of public spaces?
What’s the best use of our funds?
Indirect revenue sources
1. Higher property taxes
2. Development rights in ‘zone of benefit’
3. Congestion pricing on private modes
4. Fuel taxes on private transport vehicles
5. Carbon credits, in some cases
Town planning – miles to go
Housing disconnected from jobs
… jobs here
homes here …
Need a ‘regional’ view of mobility
Bangalore Commuter Rail, praja.in
Summary
Techno-managerial interventions are ongoing
Participation by institutional and other stakeholders is rising
Policy framework and support is weak
Integration with urban development is missing
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