File - OCR Media Conference 2012

Coach crash
The journalist writes the story, and submits
it to the editor. The newspaper prints it as a
front page splash. Simultaneously as the
newspaper is published, the newspaper
delivers all of its documents to the local
police station and hands them over.
Is the editor’s behaviour acceptable ?
ECHR 8 The Right to Privacy
1. Everyone has the right to respect for his private
and family life, his home and his correspondence.
2. There shall be no interference by a public
authority with the exercise of this right except
such as is in accordance with the law and is
necessary in a democratic society in the interests
of national security, public safety or the economic
well-being of the country, for the prevention of
disorder or crime, for the protection of health or
morals, or for the protection of the rights and
freedoms of others.
ECHR 10 The right to information
Article 10 – Freedom of expression. Everyone has
the right to freedom of expression. This right shall
include freedom to hold opinions and to receive
and impart information and ideas without
interference by public authority and regardless of
frontiers. This article shall not prevent States
from requiring the licensing of broadcasting,
television or cinema enterprises.
2. The exercise of these freedoms, since it carries with it
duties and responsibilities, may be subject to such
formalities, conditions, restrictions or penalties as are
prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic
society, in the interests of national security, territorial
integrity or public safety, for the prevention of disorder or
crime, for the protection of health or morals, for the
protection of the reputation or rights of others, for
preventing the disclosure of information received in
confidence, or for maintaining the authority and
impartiality of the judiciary.
Leveson agenda
Module 1:
The relationship between the press
and the public, phone-hacking and
other potentially illegal behaviour.
184 witnesses, including the Dowlers,
Module 2:
The relationships between the press and
police and the extent to which that has
operated in the public interest.
February 2012
Module 3:
The relationship between press and
Module 4
Recommendations for a more effective
policy and regulation that supports the
integrity and freedom of the press while
encouraging the highest ethical standards.
Casualties so far
News of the World
The media
James Murdoch
Murdoch credibility
Rebecca Brookes
Hackers and PDs, Steve Whittamore(the Motorman files)
Met Commissioner Sir Paul Stephenson
News Corp competitors
The public
Press as watchdog
•Lord Donaldson (Master of the Rolls) in the Spycatcher case
•A free press is an essential element in maintaining parliamentary
democracy and the British way of life as we know it. But it is important to
know why the press occupies this crucial position. It is not because of any
special wisdom, interest or status enjoyed by the proprietors, editors or
journalists. It is because the media are the eyes and ears of the general
public. They act on behalf of the general public. Their right to know and their
right to publish is neither more nor less than that of the public. Indeed it is
that of the general public for whom they are trustees.
Fourth Estate
•Lord Bingham (2000)
•In a modern developed society it is only a small minority of citizens who can
participate directly in the discussions and decisions which shape the public
life of that society. The majority can participate only indirectly, by exercising
their rights as citizens to vote, express their opinions, make representations
to the authorities, form pressure groups and so on.
•But the majority cannot participate in the public life of their society in these
ways if they are not alerted to and informed about matters which call or may
call for consideration and action. It is largely through the media, including of
course the press, that they will be so alerted and informed. The proper
functioning of a modern participatory democracy requires that the media be
free, active, professional and inquiring.
Journalistic sources
•Protection of journalistic sources is one of the basic conditions for press
freedom..... Without such protection, sources may be deterred from
assisting the press and informing the public on matters of public interest.
The vital public watchdog role of the press may be undermined ...such a
measure cannot be compatible with Article 10 of the Convention unless it is
justified by an overriding requirement of public interest..
Social Media
I think contempt laws can work perfectly well. It was never the object of
contempt laws that it was going to stop every piece of tittle tattle round a
dinner table or in a pub.
"This John Terry saga, has turned into one of the most hideously managed spectacles
I have ever known. WTF is going on...... We all know what was said. Its there on TV
for all to see. Do I think hes a racist? No.
I think hes said something really stupid in the heat of battle/argument. This should of
been dealt with instantly (Like Suarez or more games) and put to bed.
The longer it goes on, the worse it is for the game. Racism needs to be stamped out.
We all agree on that. This is now affecting England as well as those involved.
I dont a f*cking man and took his punishment for what he said. This is now helping
nobody. The one I feel for is Anton, hes done nowt wrong and has.
Once the issue went out of the FA's control, it was always going to get messy. They
should have dealt with it instantly. Now its a farce..
Should of thrown his hands up and admitted his grave error. Excepted his deserved
disciplinary action and let everyone move on.
Whose the winner in all of this? I cant think of anyone....can you? What a debacle its
turned into. Sad state of affairs. Heads should roll.
I am fuming for my teammate Stan. For 6 months, he has to carry on dealing with
this situation when hes done nothing wrong"
"I'll probably get a letter now from "the powers that be." If you're reading this
don't bother........."
About @Joey7Barton
ABC figures: 9 March
Daily Mirror : 1,102,810 ; -6.32 ( -1.76 ) NA
Daily Record : 291,825 ; -6.60 ( 5.73 ) 1,845
Daily Star : 617,082 ; -14.11 ( -1.11 ) NA
The Sun : 2,582,301 ; -8.38 ( -6.14 ) NA
Daily Express : 577,543 ; -7.39 ( -1.56 ) NA
Daily Mail : 1,945,496 ; -6.04 ( -3.27 ) 118,076
The Daily Telegraph : 578,774 ; -7.89 ( -2.92 ) NA
Financial Times : 316,493 ; -16.43 ( -1.02 ) 32,452
The Herald : 46,122 ; -10.00 ( -0.77 ) NA
The Guardian : 215,988 ; -17.75 ( -5.99 ) NA
i : 264,432 ; 50.49 ( 8.68 ) 57,285
The Independent : 105,160 ; -42.38 ( -10.18 ) 33,784
The Scotsman : 37,731 ; -9.73 ( -4.07 ) 3,338
The Times : 397,549 ; -10.86 ( -1.87 ) NA
Racing Post : 45,278 ; -9.66 ( -5.16 ) 31
The Daily Mirror / Daily Record : 1,394,635 ; -6.38 ( -0.28 ) 1,845
Liam Stacey
He pleaded guilty to incitement to racial hatred and was freed on bail on
condition he stays off Twitter and other social networking sites.
Message from Twitter
Our goal is to instantly connect people everywhere to what is most meaningful
to them. For this to happen, freedom of expression is essential. Some Tweets
may facilitate positive change in a repressed country, some make us laugh, some
make us think, some downright anger a vast majority of users. We don't always
agree with the things people choose to tweet, but we keep the information
flowing irrespective of any view we may have about the content.
The open exchange of information can have a positive global impact. This is
both a practical and ethical belief. On a practical level, we simply cannot review
all one hundred million-plus Tweets created and subsequently delivered every
day. From an ethical perspective, almost every country in the world agrees that
freedom of expression is a human right. Many countries also agree that freedom
of expression carries with it responsibilities and has limits.
At Twitter, we have identified our own responsibilities and limits. There are
Tweets that we do remove, such as illegal Tweets and spam. However, we make
efforts to keep these exceptions narrow so they may serve to prove a broader
and more important rule—we strive not to remove Tweets on the basis of their
content. For more on what we allow and what we don’t,
Our position on freedom of expression carries with it a mandate to protect our
users' right to speak freely and preserve their ability to contest having their
private information revealed. While we may need to release information as
required by law, we try to notify Twitter users before handing over their
information whenever we can so they have a fair chance to fight the request if
they so choose.
We continue to work towards further transparency when we remove Tweets for
legal reasons. We submit all copyright removal notices to @chillingeffects and
they are now Tweeting them from @ChillFirehose. We will continue to increase
our transparency in this area and encourage you to let us know if you think we
have not met our aspirations with regard to your freedom of expression.
Discussion on topics from geopolitical events to wardrobe malfunctions make
Twitter both important and fun. Providing the tools that foster these discussions
and following the policies that keep them alive is meaningful work for us. If you
are interested in this topic, we encourage you to follow the accounts
collected @twitter/freedom-of-expression or better yet, come work with us.
The Reynolds Defence
Sergeant Gary Flood
Ahmed Khan: South Tyneside Council
PIPA Protect IP Act
SOPA Stop Online Piracy Act
Sir Tim Berners Lee
The proposals are ‘ a grave threat to the openness of the internet
Scruples 2
England failed in its World Cup Bid. The bid went to
Qatar. Deeply controversial. England were promised
votes that never materialised. Corruption is
You have researched it, and have been offered an
interview with one of the committee who voted, and
has now retired. He will spill the beans on the corrupt
system, and name names, he says. But he wants
£1,000 for the interview. Should you proceed?
Scruples 3
The Olympics is underway in London. There have been some very
surprising results. An unknown Chinese sprinter won the 200 metres
Tomorrow it’s the 100 m final.
You and a colleague have set up a meeting with the Jamaican
favourite for the race. You have spoken to him by phone, and claimed
to be a member of an Arab betting syndicate. You are to meet him in
a hotel, where you will pay him £100,000 if he agrees to let someone
else win the race.
You will secretly record the meeting.
Are you right to do this?
Brendon Fearon
Mohammed Aamer