Silicon Valley - IP Conference 2014

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The importance of "Technopolitic Innovation"
in university-industry cooperation
Mahmut Kiper
Danışman
Summary of innovation types
(Source:Kotsemir M.,Abroskin A.,2013)
Technopolitic Innovation
policy (s) design, which leads to changes in the
technological paradigm and providing a critical
economic gains in size.
1-Bayh Dole Act
• “P.L. 96-517, Patent and Trademark Act Amendments of
1980”
• “Innovation's golden goose” The Economist-Technology
Quarterly,2002
• 28,000 patents that the American government owned in
1980, fewer than 5% had been licensed to industry.
• Since 1980, American universities have witnessed a tenfold
increase in the patents they generate, spun off more than
2,200 firms to exploit research done in their labs, created
260,000 jobs in the process, and now contribute $40 billion
annually to the American economy.
Bayh-Dole:Possibly the most inspired
legislation all over the world
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Kanada (1985),
Japonya (1998),
İngiltere (1998),
Almanya (1998, 2001),
Fransa (1999),
Kore (1998,2000, 2001)
Çin (2002)
And others…..
2- Japan Miracle in 1980’s and first half
of 1990’s:
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TQM
Just in Time
Kanban
Six Sigma
….
New business model innovations in Production
Management Systems
İnnovation and Development
(Product/Process)
3- Korea and China Miracle
From İmitation to İnnovation
(Creative İmitation)
From İmitation to İnnovation
Far East Asia Countries said that:
“to be successful, you have to learn how to
both imitate and innovate.”
Oded Shenkar
Recent Innovation Tools
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Open Innovation
Networking and Clustering
Regional Innovation System
Sectoral Innovation System
Technology Transfer Intermediaries
Etc.
Silicon Valley: Global Model or
Unique Anomaly *
"Silicon Valley is the only place on Earth not
trying to figure out how to become Silicon
Valley".
Bob Metcalfe
*Main theme of IX.Triple Helix International
Conference, Stanford Univ.2011
Silicon Valley or Valley of Creative
Destruction
What will be the next innovation wave
of the Valley?
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o Creative Industries: Social technologies are changing the nature of creative industries
allowing consumers greater access to arts, culture and entertainment. Application also
includes the vast global markets of tourism and travel.
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o Education and Life-Long Learning: Transforming education and publishing using
information technology.
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o Clean Energy and Environmental Technologies: The deployment of renewable energy
results in lower costs that speed up further adoption.
•
o Advanced Manufacturing: The application of information technology, simulation tools
and sensors to create precision manufacturing including additive manufacturing or 3D
printing, a process of making three-dimensional solid objects from a digital model.
•
o Health Care: Using information technology to create opportunities for personalized
medicine including web-based medical platforms and genomics which uses a biometric
profile to target diagnosis and treatment to the genetic makeup of individuals.
Source:Henton D., Held K.,2011
What will be the next innovation wave
of the Valley?
•
o Creative Industries: Social technologies are changing the nature of creative industries
allowing consumers greater access to arts, culture and entertainment. Application also
includes the vast global markets of tourism and travel.
•
o Education and Life-Long Learning: Transforming education and publishing using
information technology.
•
o Clean Energy and Environmental Technologies: The deployment of renewable energy
results in lower costs that speed up further adoption.
•
o Advanced Manufacturing: The application of information technology, simulation tools
and sensors to create precision manufacturing including additive manufacturing or 3D
printing, a process of making three-dimensional solid objects from a digital model.
•
o Health Care: Using information technology to create opportunities for personalized
medicine including web-based medical platforms and genomics which uses a biometric
profile to target diagnosis and treatment to the genetic makeup of individuals.
Source:Henton D., Held K.,2011
What will be the next innovation wave
of the Valley?
“It is not about imitating the technology
innovations of Silicon Valley but instead about
applying technology that is appropriate to
each region. Hence, it is a mistake to see
Silicon Valley in terms of the current wave but
rather as an example of a resilient region that
has successfully adapts to constant change. “
Henton D., Held K.,2011
Natural /Artificial STP
One of the Regional Innovation Cluster
in Korea
Universities in Global Innovators Index
The only other Asian nation to make the 2012
list is South Korea, with 7 percent of the
overall companies/ organizations. That is a 75
percent increase in representation there year
over year, with four new entrants, two of
which are universities and two of which are
scientific research centers.
Universities and Research Centers are
in Global Innovators Index
• The only other Asian nation to make the 2012
list is South Korea, with 7 percent of the
overall companies/ organizations. That is a 75
percent increase in representation there year
over year, with four new entrants, two of
which are universities and two of which are
scientific research centers.
KAIST-Korea Advanced Institute for S-T
OLEV-On Line Electrical Vehicle
Lessons Lerned-1
Lessons Lerned-2
Recent Trends depend on “System Approach” and System
Approach depends on inter/transdiscipliner behaviour
Lessons Lerned-3
Technology Transfer Intermediaries
Lessons Lerned-4
Public Authorities’ support approach should depend on flexibility,
creativity and originality;
• respect and regard universities/Research Organizations genetic codes,
instead of one fit all aproach ,
(Public Central Universities, Public Regional Universities, Private
Universities…)
• give beneficiaries flexibility with flexible umbrella law/quidance to
shape their mechanisms which is strong in system approach
instead of Shaping USİ mechanisms with sharp laws and/or regulations
which allows isolated center.
Lessons Lerned-5
Impact Assesments better than input-output analyses
Some Factors can be;
-Lead (public or private)
-Supply creative nd talent HR
-Network width
-Technologicak competitiveness in current
focused area
-Commercialization potential
-Global cooperation
waves of
Last but not least
“Nothing is ready-made;
everything is to be made.”
(Hilary Putnam, 1983)
Teşekkürler….
Mahmut Kiper
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