21st Century Learner - Powerpoint

Velkommen til energi leiren
Science Classrooms
in 2020 and 2030
The 21st Century Learner
Our Discussion
A. Predictions to keep us humble
B. Misconceptions about students.
C. What will science classrooms look like in 2020 and 2030?
D. Are students changing?
E. What teaching strategies should be used?
F. What changes in technology can we expect?
G. What can we expect from new learning resources
H. Conclusions and discussion
How have classrooms changed
in the last 100 years?
How have classrooms remained the
Information was once at the front of
the classroom.
A. The Folly of Predictions
1970s prediction
Improvements in technology will increase the
amount of leisure time by the 1990s. Few if any
people will work more than a 25-h week.
The biggest challenge to be faced in 20 years will
be what to do with all of our leisure time.
Not everyone is a visionary
Everything that can be invented has been invented.»
Charles H. Duell, an official at the US patent office, 1899.
"It will be gone by June"
Variety, passing judgement on rock 'n roll in 1955.
If anything remains more or less unchanged, it will be the
role of women.»
David Riesman, conservative American social scientist,
Predictions to keep us humble
think there is a world market for maybe five computers."-- Thomas
Watson, chairman of IBM, 1943
"We don't like their sound, and guitar music is on the way out."-Decca Recording Co. rejecting the Beatles, 1962.
"So we went to Atari and said, 'Hey, we've got this amazing thing,
even built with some of your parts, and what do you think about
funding us? Or we'll give it to you. We just want to do it. Pay our
salary, we'll come work for you.' And they said, 'No.' So then we
went to Hewlett-Packard, and they said, 'Hey, we don't need you.
You haven't got through college yet.'"-- Apple Computer Inc. founder
Steve Jobs on attempts to get Atari and HP interested in his and
Steve Wozniak's personal computer.
Signs we live in the 21st Century
You have a list of 15 phone numbers to reach your family of three
You call your son's mobile to let him know it's time to eat. He texts you
back from his bedroom, "What's for dinner?"
You chat several times a day with a stranger from South Africa, but you
haven't spoken with your next door neighbor yet this year.
You hear most of your jokes via Facebook instead of in person
You wake up at 2:00 AM to go to the bathroom and check your
Facebook on your way back to bed.
Your reason for not staying in touch with family is that they are not on
You start tilting your head sideways to smile. :)
How is it possible that energetic highly-intelligent
young people sleepwalk on the job/class?
B. Are students less able?
•”When I was a student, we were better at spelling,
writing and math.”
•With the possible exception of spelling this is not true.
Curricula is becoming increasing complex.
•Students are not the same and curriculum demands
have increased.
Canada is 2nd
last of G8 in
D. Profiles of the Learner
Students will use engaging
technologies in:
• collaborative ways
• inquiry-based environments
• ways that transform
knowledge and skills into
products, solutions, and new
Today's child
"Today's child is bewildered when she enters the
19th century environment that still characterizes
the educational establishment where information is
scarce but ordered and structured by fragmented,
classified patterns, subjects, and schedules."
Marshall McLuhan, 1967
What changes have you seen in schools to make
knowledge less scarce?
Changing times
I am a 21 st Century learner
• I will spent 16.5-h watching
TV this week.
• I will spent 5.5-h on my
computer this week.
• I game 3.5-h per week.
• I spent 2-h reading a book
this week.
• I listened to Harry Potter on
my I-Pad for 5-h this week.
I will
• Read 8 books this year.
• Write 42 pages of notes
for classes this semester.
• Spend 5 to 6-h in class
each day.
• Work 2-h day.
• Sleep 2-h less than my
parents did each day.
• Read 2300 webpages,
1281 Facebook profiles
• Write over 500 pages of
email this semester.
• Spend 3.5-h a day online.
• Listen to musics 2.5-h a
day, 2-h on my
I need to be
A multitasker
• Because I have to be.
A decision-maker and
problem solver.
• In daily life and the world
of work.
A communicator and
• Because I live and work
in a social environment.
My Social Life and School
• My teacher and parents
use email to
• 76% of my teachers have
never used WIKIs, blogs
and PODcasts.
• I text my friends.
• I blog
• 14% of the week, I get to
do something with
technology in school.
63% of students don't
use technology weekly.
Teach me to
A New Paradigm
A shift from information limited, common sources, to
information-rich resources.
A shift from curriculum based on content (outcomes) to one
of skills (competancy).
A shift from learning confined by the classroom to a
community system.
8 Norms of 21st Century Learners
1. They need to be actively engaged. This includes school and
their job.
2. Value collaboration above passive learning.
3. A desire to personalize and customize everything they own.
4. Value choice
5. Demand enjoyment at work and school.
6. More likely to research and critique organizations and
7. Speed is normal, with little patience for turn-around time.
8. Will have challenges in developing their professional
Don Tapscott, 2009. Grown-Up Digital, McGraw Hill, Toronto
E. Teaching Strategies
Student Engagement
• Problem-based learning
• Collaborative work for students and instructors
• Emphasis placed on lifelong Learning
• Inquiry
• Integration of learning and interdisciplinary studies
• Simulations
Student Choice
• Use of technology to present and share students ideas.
• Assistive technologies to support student learning.
• Students involved in their own assessment.
Why does every lesson have to
entertain students with technology?
Students don't need to be entertained, they need
to be engaged!
• Entertainment is passive
• Entertainment is for
• Entertainment is shortlived
• Entertainment is does
not require relevance.
• Engagement is active
• Engagement is for
• Engagement provides
long-term results
• Engagement requires
relevance and
G. Textbooks of the future
Digital textbooks
• Online assessment as part of the textbook. Students
interact with the book.
• Textbook linked with online simulations, videos, podcasts
and laboratory activities.
• Movement away from linear reading - use of pop-ups
provide students with choices.
• Wikis and blogs allow student interaction during the
Digital Textbook Project In California
Students to use free on-line
Digital textbooks provide
advertising and sponsorship
as a possible source of
• More up-to-date.
• Lighter school bags.
• Save paper and trees.
• Make learning more
• Easier to search.
Math and Science Projects
$17 B cut from a $52 B
Much of the motivation is
seen around cost savings.
• Outsourcing of writing.
• Compilation and tagging
of information.
• Linking of information
with activities.
What will be gained and lost
• More content and more
choices for different types
of learners.
• Potentially many links for
activities. (Labs, WIKIs,
blogs, etc.)
• Resource development
will integrate textbook
with pre-existing visual
• No philosophy as an
underpinning for resource
• Eclectic resource
development means no
single format for lab write
up or the presentation of
• Potential for content
bound curriculum.
Choice and Ownership
Teachers will look for resources that allow them greater
participation in the learning of their students. (A push back
against mass uniform delivery and resource models).
Students and parents have a expectation that programs are
tailored to the child's needs and interests.
• Learning any place, any time, and at any pace. (AB Ed
Social networking will find stronger links in completing
assignments, critiquing the work of students and teachers.
Opposition to digital books
You can't resell digital books
Costs of the textbooks are only
slightly less, despite a
tremendous drop in production
Require a digital device - reader,
i-Pad, and computers, which
require maintenance.
Reasons for Caution
Many e-textbook advantages focus on content (up-to date,
possible extensions, other modes for delivering content ie
video) rather than the development of skills.
• How do students assess evidence as problem solvers?
(What evidence supports the conclusion that oil sands
development is deleterious to the environment).
• How do students communicate and support their ideas?
Wikis, blogs, and presentations are linked to social
• How do students use the knowledge presented?
A 1998 study published in the Human
Factors & Ergonomics Society journal
reported a decline in speed and accuracy,
and an increase in fatigue, when reading
from a screen rather than paper.
American Pediatrics Society has issued
cautions about young children using light
emitting screens more than 2h a day.
Simulations… Games …
Technological tools have an appeal in providing choice and
personalizing learning.
The terms technology and innovation are often used as
synonyms. There is an assumption that teachers who use
more technology are more creative or innovative.
Curriculum must focus on skills and attributes and not
packages of knowledge.