Introduction to Psychology

AP Psych DMA

Explain what reaction formation is.

Who was Roger? What were his theories?

Please turn in FRQ # 1 & 2 & your

Chap. 12 & 13 Test

Review/Reflection

Please write the questions & leave room for your answers.

Today’s Agenda

DMA

Turn in FRQ & Test Review/Reflection

Chapter 15 review session

Extra credit

Chapter 15

FRQs

Freud

Psychoanalysis

Homework:

Chapter 15 test – Monday, March 5 th

Chapter 15 notes due Monday, March 5 th

FRQ #3 due Wednesday, Feb. 29 th

Chapter 15 review session – Thursday, Mar. 1 st , 7:00 AM, Wheeler’s classroom

Chapter 15 Test Review Session

T H U R S D A Y , M A R C H 1 S T

7 : 0 0 A M

W H E E L E R ’ S C L A S S R O O M

Please raise your hand if you would like extra credit for this class…

K E E P Y O U R H A N D U P I F Y O U H A V E 2 N D L U N C H

N E E D 3 - 4 S T U D E N T S T O R U N T H E A P P S Y C H

B O O T H D U R I N G 2 N D L U N C H O N T H U R S D A Y ,

M A R C H 1

S T

S T A N D N E X T T O T H E T A B L E , A N S W E R

Q U E S T I O N S , W A T C H T H E L A P T O P … .

What were Freud’s theories?

D I S C U S S W I T H A N E I G H B O R

The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Proposes that childhood sexuality

& unconscious motivations influence personality

The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Thoughts & actions (personality) = unconscious motives & conflicts

Techniques used in treating psychological disorders

 expose and interpret unconscious tensions

The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Free Association

 method of exploring the unconscious

 person relaxes

 says whatever comes to mind

 no matter how trivial or embarrassing

Free Association

Now let’s try…

Relax

Wheeler will say a word, you say the first word that pops into your mind….

Remember – don’t filter your answers!

The Psychoanalytic Perspective

Unconscious

 reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings & memories

 contemporary viewpoint- information processing of which we are unaware

Personality Structure

Please turn to page 577 & read the section on personality structure.

Personality Structure

Ego Conscious mind

Superego

Unconscious mind

Freud’s idea of the mind’s structure

Id

Personality Development

Freud’s Psychosexual Stages

Stage Focus

Oral Pleasure centers on the mouth--

(0-18 months) sucking, biting, chewing

Anal Pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder

(18-36 months) elimination; coping with demands for control

Phallic Pleasure zone is the genitals; coping with

(3-6 years) incestuous sexual feelings

Latency Dormant sexual feelings

(6 to puberty)

Genital Maturation of sexual interests

(puberty on)

Personality Development

Identification

 the process by which children incorporate their parents’ values into their developing superegos

Fixation

 a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, where conflicts were unresolved

Freud Meets Mother Goose

P L E A S E O P E N Y O U R B O O K T O P A G E 5 7 8

R E A D T H E P S Y C H O S E X U A L S T A G E S C H A R T

Freud Meets Mother Goose

1.

Nursery Rhyme

2.

Likely developmental stage at fixation

3.

Justification for answer

4.

What might characterize the creator’s adult personality structure?

Freud Meets Mother Goose - EXAMPLE

Nursery Rhyme

Jack Sprat could eat no fat.

His wife could eat no lean.

And so between them both,

They licked the platter clean.

Likely developmental stage at fixation

Oral stage

Justification for answer

They spend all their time fretting about food

What might characterize the creator’s adult personality structure?

The author might be orally fixated – sucking on pens, chewing ice cubes, kissing…

Sit next to a partner

1 P I E C E O F P A P E R

W R I T E D O W N Y O U R A N S W E R S

Freud Meets Mother Goose

Nursery Rhyme

Jack and Jill went up the hill

To fetch a pail of water.

Jack fell down and broke his crown,

And Jill came tumbling after.

Likely developmental stage at fixation

Justification for answer

What might characterize the creator’s adult personality structure?

Freud Meets Mother Goose

Nursery Rhyme

Jack and Jill went up the hill

To fetch a pail of water.

Jack fell down and broke his crown,

And Jill came tumbling after.

Likely developmental stage at fixation

Latency

Justification for answer

The assumption of labor performed with a person of the opposite gender. Initial forays into pairing-off are met with danger and physical harm.

What might characterize the creator’s adult personality structure?

Difficulties getting along with the opposite gender.

Freud Meets Mother Goose

Nursery Rhyme

Three blind mice. Three blind mice.

See how they run. See how they run.

They all ran after the famer’s wife.

She cut off their tails with a carving knife,

Did you ever see such a sight in your life?

As three blind mice?

Likely developmental stage at fixation

Justification for answer

What might characterize the creator’s adult personality structure?

Freud Meets Mother Goose

Nursery Rhyme

Three blind mice. Three blind mice.

See how they run. See how they run.

They all ran after the famer’s wife.

She cut off their tails with a carving knife,

Did you ever see such a sight in your life?

As three blind mice?

Likely developmental stage at fixation

Phallic stage

Justification for answer

Innocent mice encounter a symbolically castrating force. In this case, they lose their tails rather than genitalia.

What might characterize the creator’s adult personality structure?

Struggles about sexuality and gender identity.

Freud Meets Mother Goose

Nursery Rhyme

Mary, Mary quite contrary,

How does your garden grow?

With silver bells and cockle shells

And pretty maids in a row

Likely developmental stage at fixation

Justification for answer

What might characterize the creator’s adult personality structure?

Freud Meets Mother Goose

Nursery Rhyme

Mary, Mary quite contrary,

How does your garden grow?

With silver bells and cockle shells

And pretty maids in a row

Likely developmental stage at fixation

Anal

Justification for answer

Mary’s over concern with tidiness in her garden.

What might characterize the creator’s adult personality structure?

Preoccupied with order and neatness.