Mathematical Thinking

Florida Kindergarten Readiness Test
Training for Reading Coaches and
Non-Public Schools
Fall 2014
Colleen Risner
• What is the Kindergarten Readiness
Screening (FLKRS)?
• Schedule
• Who to Test
• Responsibilities
• Work Sampling System (WS)
What is FLKRS?
• Work Sampling System (WSS)
– Observational Tool
– Five Domains
Personal and Social Development
Language and Literacy
Mathematical Thinking
Scientific Thinking
Physical Development, Health, and Safety
– 45 Skills observed during classroom activities
Assessment Schedule
• Send Parent Letters Home
– Letters located in PMRN
– Send during first week of school (or ASAP thereafter
as become available)
– English, Spanish, Haitian-Creole
• WSS Observations (Days 1 – 30)
– Recorded on Individual Student Developmental
Checklist or on Classroom Roster, transferred into
• FAIR-FS K (Days 1 - 30)
– Administered one-on-one directly through PMRN
Who to Test
• All public school kindergarten students who enter
within the first 30 days of school except for retained
• Private School kindergarten students who attended a
VPK program
– Some ESE students with Potentially Limiting Physical
Conditions may not be able to be assessed but every
student should be given the opportunity to participate
– Survey 8 is used to generate students in PMRN for Public
Schools. Private Schools will hand-enroll all students into
• Survey 8 uploads begin August 20, will be updated on Wednesdays
• Students and teachers should be available in PMRN on August 25
• School Principal
– Confirm access to DOE Single Sign On for all Staff
– Register School and Reading Coach as PMRN Manager
– Enter school schedule into PMRN
• Reading Coach/PMRN Manager
Verify/Approve Access for Teachers
Add or Remove Users
Verify Students/Create Classes
Record Coach’s Log
Train Teachers/Test Administrators
Access Score Reports, utilize for guiding instruction
• School Coordinator
Ensure all test administrators are trained on FLKRS and PMRN
Ensure test administrators have access to the PMRN
Distribute FLKRS materials to test administrators
Monitor the testing window to ensure test administrators
record results in PMRN by Day 30. WSS won’t be available
after Day 30.
• Test Administrators
– Screen kindergarteners
– Record student observations for the WSS benchmarks in the
PMRN system using K-2 EST
– Share student results with parents during conferences, etc.
New PMRN Addresses
• (DOE Single Sign On – for
public schools)
• Private Schools will register for
PMRN here (DOE’s PMRN Information
• (Private schools use to
access PMRN once registered)
New Service Center Information
• Florida Department of Education (FLDOE)
Integrated Education Network Service Center
– Provide support via the PMRN v4, K-2 AIR, 3-12 WAM,
• Operational Hours
– Monday – Friday
– 6:00 AM – 7:30 PM ET
• Contact via Phone or E-mail
– 855-814-2876
Work Sampling System
(WSS) Observational
Accessing WSS Teacher
Administration Manual (TAM)
• WSS TAM and Student Score Booklet (SSB)
– Printable downloads in PMRN
• All materials will also Posted to A&A Blackboard (public school access)
• Access Materials
– Sign In
– Click K-2 button on Portal
– Download materials via links
WSS Basics
The heart of the Work Sampling System is focused on
ongoing evaluation where a student’s work is assessed
repeatedly through
Guidelines and Checklists
Teacher observations
Work samples and other methods of documenting
Repeated assessment allows the teacher to identify patterns
of student learning. WSS differs from ECHOS in that for
ECHOS, a skill only needed to be observed one time, but for
WSS, the skill needs to be observed repeatedly to be rated as
in process or proficient.
WSS Basics
• A major difference between ECHOs and WSS is
the use of actual student work as part of the
documentation for observation. Teachers can
select samples of work that cover multiple
• Teachers may also take photos of students
performing activities that show skills being
observed, and annotate as documentation.
WSS Basics
• Five Domains
WSS Basics
Personal and Social Development
Language and Literacy
Mathematical Thinking
Scientific Thinking
Physical Development, Health, and Safety
• Under the domain of Mathematical Thinking, we can
look at several Functional Components:
Processes and Practices
Operations and Algebraic Thinking
WSS Basics
• Each functional component is composed of a set
of performance indicators. In Processes and
Practices, we see specific performance indicators:
− Reasons quantitatively and begins to use some tools
− Begins to recognize patterns and makes simple
• These would be the specific indicators for which
the teacher will be observing and collecting
evidence of the child’s performance
WSS Basics
• The evidence collected may include teacher
observations, work samples, and possibly other sources
of information like other school personnel or families
• Teacher will rate students based upon collected
evidence (Not Yet, In Process, Proficient)
• Rating will need to be completed and entered into
PMRN system within the first thirty days of school.
Users will not be able to access and view WSS screens
after the first 30 school days.
• WSS Reports will be available in late October or early
Documenting Observations
Documenting observations effectively requires that teachers differentiate
between what is actually seen and heard and what are opinions and
interpretations of these actions. There is not a set way to document
observations – what works best for the teacher should be used.
Special Needs/ELL Students
• When using the Work Sampling System with
students with special needs, it is permissible
to modify the way you assess or how the
student demonstrates the skills, but not the
• Look for non-verbal means a student can
convey skill, especially for non-English
WS Developmental Guidelines
• Each teacher must be given a copy of the WSS
Developmental Guidelines
• Provides teachers with rationale for each
performance indicator and gives examples of
ways students demonstrate the skill,
knowledge, or behavior related to the
performance indicator
• Helps maintain similarity of interpretation
WSS Developmental Checklist
• Located in back of FLKRS
Test Administration Manual
and on Blackboard
• Shows all Domains,
Functional Components and
Performance Indicators
• Teachers completes one per
student to record evidences
collected, then makes rating
When a teacher selects ratings on the Developmental Checklist, they compare the
evidences of the child’s performance of an indicator to the expectations detailed in
the WSS Developmental Guidelines to determine appropriate rating.
WSS Rating Guide
The student was given
opportunity to show skill,
but did or could not.
The expectation is that
there will be very few
students with this rating,
as the guidelines are based
upon normal 4 year old
Rating of “No Opportunity to Observe” should only be used for
students with physical disabilities, after attempts to observe
using accommodations, and for students who enroll late in the
window or have excessive absences.
The student
almost always
the skill under
and settings.
Entering WSS Ratings via K-2 EST
• See pages 19 and 20 of the FLKRS
Administration Manual for how to assign
rating points
• Information on how to enter into PMRN still to
Contact Information
Colleen Risner
Shawn Harrold