以色列农业技术ppt

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以色列农业技术
Israel Agrotechnology
“增长尽在掌握”
“ Growth it’s all in your
hands”
特拉维夫
Tel Aviv
耶路撒冷
Jerusalem
叙利亚
Syria
约旦Jordan
地中海
Mediterranean
Sea
约旦山谷Jordan
Valley
Sea
死海 Dead
以色列 Israel
黎巴嫩
Lebanon
埃及
Egypt
470 km.
9 hrs.
内盖Negev
N
22,000 Km²
降雨量Rainfall
年均降雨量 Annual Average (mm)
1,000
北部地区 North:
720
山区 Mountain: 550
南部地区 South:
30
800
700
500-600
200-400
100-200
<100
地理环境Geography
国土面积 Surface: 22,000 Km2
纵深 Length: 470 Km
宽度 Width: 20-135 Km
农业特点 Agricultural Characteristics
•自然资源,特别是水资源和可耕地面积,匮乏
Scarce natural resources, particularly water and
arable land
•全国一半以上的地区为沙漠 Over half the
country’s area is desert
•农业领域:研究人员、扩展人员、农民及与农业
相关产业密切合作,以开发各农业领域新方法。
Agriculture Sector = researchers,
extensionists, farmers and agriculture-related
industries working closely to develop new
methods in all branches.
•密集型农业生产体系催生了现代农业Intensive
system of production yields modern
agriculture
农业领域中的密切合作
Close Cooperation in the Agriculture Sector
种植者 Grower
产业Industry
研发 R & D
扩展服务
Extension
Service
以色列农业技术输出Israeli Agrotech Exports
• 温室 Greenhouses
• 乳品行业 Dairy Farming
• 家禽饲养 Poultry Farming
• 水产养殖 Aquaculture
• 灌溉用水管理 Water Management Irrigation
• 育种 Seeds
• 农业机械化 Mechanization
• 肥料和杀虫剂 Fertilizers and Pesticides
• 整套承包工程、咨询和技术指导 Turnkey Projects,
Consulting and Know-How
温室Greenhouses
1. 土地、水资源和气候等自然条件的限制促使以色列开发出生产高附加值农作物的
温室技术。Natural restrictions of soil, water and climate led to Israelideveloped greenhouse technologies for high added value crops.
2. 温室系统, 包括特殊塑料薄膜、供暖系统、通风系统和房屋结构,使得以色列
农民的农业生产能够取得出色的成果:Greenhouse systems, including
specialized plastic films, and heating, ventilation and structure systems, enable
Israeli farmers to achieve superior results:
每一生产季,每公顷出产
3,000,000多朵玫瑰
Grow more than 3,000,000 roses
per hectare per season, and an
每一生产季,每公顷土地平均出产
300吨西红柿,产量是户外土地产量
的四倍
Average of 300 tons of tomatoes per
hectare per season, four times the
yields of open fields
奶牛养殖 Dairy Farming
1. 以色列开发的先进农业技术已经为整个行业带
来了革命性变革 Israeli-developed advanced
technologies that have revolutionized the
industry.
2.自1950年代以来,平均牛奶产量增长了2.5倍,
每头奶牛的年产奶量,从3,900升上升到接近
11,000升
Average milk production has
increased two and a half times since the
1950s – from 3,900 liters annually to an
average of nearly 11,000 liters per dairy cow.
3.以色列乳品行业的出口,包
括冷冻精液、移植用胚胎、
小母牛、先进挤奶设备和
计算机化饲养系统、技术
咨询,以及国际联合项目
开发。
Israel’s dairy exports
include frozen semen,
embryos for transplant,
heifers, advanced milking
and computerized feeding
systems, consulting, and
joint international project
development.
家禽饲养Poultry Farming
以色列开发的创新方法提高了家禽饲养的产量和家禽饲养户的
工作效率。Israeli-developed innovations improve production
and make poultry farmers’ work more efficient
繁殖 – 由以色列原创技术繁殖出的家禽,抗病能力强,能适应极端
气候条件和酷热天气,特别是成长速度快,产蛋量高,肉质脂肪含量
低。
Breeding - Breeds developed in Israel highly disease-resistant,
adaptable to extremes of climate and heat, and characterized by
rapid growth rate, high egg production and low-fat meat.
设备 – 自动收蛋器,自动家禽饮水系统和耐用的塑料板条地板,这
些都保证了禽舍的卫生环境良好。
Equipment - automatic egg collector, poultry drinking systems and
durable plastic slat flooring that contribute to hygienic conditions in
the henhouse.
控制系统 – 先进的控制系统一天24小时控制各类指标,如:湿度、
温度、光照、喂食次数、通风和冷却的理想水平。Control Systems Sophisticated control systems maintain desired levels of humidity,
heat, lighting, feed, ventilation and cooling 24 hours a day.
水产养殖 Aquaculture
以色列采用集约化水产养殖方式
Israel employs an intensive form of aquaculture
鱼类养殖主要是在开阔海域使用浮笼、人造水库和池塘进行。 Fish farming is
carried out in the open sea in floating cages, and in man-made reservoirs
and ponds.
由于淡水资源匮乏,渔业养殖户使用封闭水系统进行集约化养殖。有些养殖项
目也使用水库水源进行灌溉。Due to the lack of fresh water, fish farmers use
closed water systems for intensive farming. Some projects also use reservoir
water for irrigation.
大量繁殖观赏鱼和海洋植物,包括冷水鱼类、热带鱼类和睡莲。这些动植物用
于出口海外,特别是销往欧洲地区。Wide range of ornamental fish and
marine plants are bred, including coldwater fish, tropical fish and water lilies.
Exported overseas, especially to Europe.
水资源与灌溉 Water and Irrigation
拥有全球最先进的农业灌溉技术– 农用土地面积的一
半得到了灌溉。 World’s most advanced user of
agricultural irrigation – half of all agricultural land
under irrigation.
开发创新性灌溉技术和配件的先锋:滴流灌溉、自动
阀门和控制开关、媒介和自动过滤技术、低排放量的
喷雾器和迷你喷水设备、补偿式滴头和喷水设备。
Pioneer in developing innovative technologies
and accessories: drip irrigation, automatic valves
and controllers, media and automatic filtration, low
discharge sprayers
and mini- sprinklers, compensated drippers and
sprinklers.
电脑控制滴流灌溉技术,节省大量水资源,实现滴灌
施肥。 Computer-controlled drip irrigation =
huge water savings and enables fertigation.
享誉全球 — 80%以上的产品输出至海外。 Global
Reputation – more than 80% of production
exported.
育种Seeds
以色列出产的种子和幼苗在世界各地都有需求 Worldwide demand for Israeli
seeds and seedlings:
已研制出多种抗病能力强的种子
Disease resistant seed varieties developed
– 可长期储存,适应多种气候条件
durable in storage and suited to a variety
of climatic conditions.
欧洲40%的番茄温室种植使用以色列研制的种子,
生产出保质期长的杂交番茄 40% of
European tomato greenhouses use seeds
of Israeli-developed and produced tomato
hybrid with long shelf life.
以色列种子领域成功的其他范例 Other Israeli successes:
无籽西瓜 Seedless Watermelon
抗病毒南瓜 Resistant Squash
高产黄瓜 High-Yield Cucumbers
碟形黄色西葫芦 Saucer-Shaped Yellow Zucchini
不同种类的棉纤维更长更结实的杂交棉花、耗水量更少的高产农作物、天然彩棉及更多其
他。 Hybrid Cotton variety with longer and stronger fibers and high-yield crop requiring
less water, naturally colored cotton and more.
机械化 Mechanization
以色列生产并出口多种特殊农用设备,包括:
Israel manufactures and exports a
variety of specialized agricultural
equipment, including:
移动式芹菜包装厂 Mobile Celery Packing House
挖掘青贮饲料和均匀混合饲料机械 Machinery for
Digging Silage and mixing the feed uniformly
家禽设备 – 饮水器、自动收蛋器、气候控制系统及称
重天平。 Poultry Equipment – drinkers, automatic
egg collectors, climate control systems and scales for
weighing
应用于柑橘生长和葡萄园的鼓风喷雾器,可为果树提
供有效屏障。 Air-Blast Sprayer for use in citrus
growing and vineyards which provides an efficient
cover of the tree.
花球茎移栽机 Flower Bulb Transplanters.
各类包装厂所需机械
Machinery for Packing
Houses.
肥料 Fertilizers
以色列南部地区,尤其是死海地区,拥有十分丰富的农业所需矿物质,如:钾、磷、
镁:Israel’s southern region, particularly Dead Sea area, rich in mines
providing potassium, phosphorus and magnesium for the agricultural sector:
原料直接出口 Direct raw material exports
当地肥料加工与混合以提高肥料用途和效率,以及环境安全性。
Local processing and compounding to enhance utility
effectiveness and environmental safety.
出色的产品包括:Remarkable developments include:
通过埋设于地下滴流灌溉设备进行施肥,确保活性较差的
成分,如磷,能够直接抵达植物根部。 Application of
fertilizers through drip irrigation buried in the ground to
ensure that less mobile components, such as
phosphorous, will reach the roots directly.
释放量可控肥料– 将肥料包裹在聚合物之中,确保肥料缓
慢、长期和以扩散方式在土壤中释放。缓慢释放肥料可同
时提高利用率和减少地下水污染。 Controlled-Release
Fertilizers – coated in polymers to ensure slow,
prolonged release and delivery via diffusion. Slow release
fertilizers allow better exploitation of the fertilizer and
less groundwater pollution.
植物保护 Plant Protection
以色列公司生产和出口用于控制病虫害、致病菌和杂草的杀虫剂及除草剂:
Israeli companies manufacture and export pesticides and herbicides
for the control of insects, fungi and weeds:
在消灭植物病害的同时,生物成分对植物和人类均不产生病源危害。对于
大多数由害虫、致病菌和病毒引起的农作物病虫害有特效。Biological
materials non-pathogenic to both plants and humans for treating
diseases in plants. Effective in treating diseases caused by pests, fungus
and viruses in wide range of crops.
使用福尔马林代替溴甲烷为土壤灭菌。 Methods for disinfecting the
soil, using formaline as a substitute for methyl bromide.
用于早期针对性杂草处理的棉花落叶剂和除草剂。Defoliant for cotton
and herbicides for early and specific treatment of weeds.
整套项目承包、咨询和技术指导 Turnkey Projects,
Consulting and Know-How
以色列农业技术公司日益采用联手方式,为农作物和家
畜养殖开发项目提供整套项目承包服务:Increasingly,
Israeli agrotechnology companies join forces and
supply turnkey projects for both crop and livestock
development programs:
融合多种技术、人才和经验以提供综合解决方案,
其中包括:Multiple skills, talents and experiences are
enlisted to provide integrated solutions that
embrace:
土壤 Soil
水添加剂 Water Additives
植物 Plants
各类家畜、设备、建筑物 Livestock Varieties, Equipment and Structures
效果:提高产量,降低成本 The Results: Improved
Yields at Lower Cost
为面临资源压力的世界,提供双赢解决方案 A win-win
situation in a resource-stressed world
谢谢!Thanks
以色列驻华使馆商务参赞 贺华夫
Hovav Ref, Economic & Commercial
Counselor, Embassy of Israel
[email protected]
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