TENNESSEE TENNESSEE HISTORY TENNESSEE Tennessee State Seal TENNESSEE Tennessee State Flag TENNESSEE Tennessee Information State size: 42,144 square miles (34th in size) State capital: Nashville (named after Francis Nash, a Revolutionary War General Major cities: Chattanooga, Knoxville, Memphis, and Nashville TENNESSEE Tennessee Information Admission to union: The 16th State Date entered the union: June 1, 1796 Origin of state name: Named after the Indian village “Tanasi” State nickname: Volunteer State Motto: Tennessee – America at its Best TENNESSEE Tennessee Information Bordering states: Missouri, Kentucky, Virginia, North Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Arkansas State bird: Mockingbird State flower: Iris State tree: Yellow Poplar State dog: Blue Tick Coon Hound TENNESSEE TENNESSEE GOVERNMENT TENNESSEE Tennessee’s Current Governor Bill Haslam TENNESSEE Tennessee State Government Executive Branch: Governor Judicial Branch: State Supreme Court Legislative Branch: House of Representatives and Senate TENNESSEE Legislative Branch House of Representatives consists of 99 members who each serve a two-year term in office. There are 99 representatives, one for each district. TENNESSEE Legislative Branch Senate consist of 33 members who serve four-year terms in office. The state is divided into 33 senatorial districts from which each senator is elected. TENNESSEE State Government Powers Education Police State highways Trade inside the state Collect taxes Set up banks Set up courts Borrow money TENNESSEE THE THREE GRAND DIVISIONS OF TENNESSEE TENNESSEE Tennessee is Divided into Three Grand Divisions West Tennessee Middle Tennessee East Tennessee TENNESSEE West Tennessee TENNESSEE West Tennessee Major city: Memphis – Known for being in the center of shipping and trade for the South. – Home of Elvis Presley and Oprah Winfrey. Mississippi River, located in West Tennessee, is a major water route for the South. TENNESSEE Middle Tennessee TENNESSEE Middle Tennessee Major city: Nashville – Capital city of Tennessee and known for being the roadway to country music. – Home of Andrew Jackson, Fred Thompson, and Al Gore, Jr. Cumberland River and Tennessee River are tributaries to the Mississippi River. TENNESSEE East Tennessee TENNESSEE East Tennessee Major cities: – Knoxville: Home of the UT Volunteers. – Chattanooga: Known for the Chattanooga Choo Choo and Look Out Mountain. Home of Davey Crockett and Dolly Parton. Rivers include Holston River and the Tennessee River. Home to the most visited National Park in the U.S., “The Great Smokey Mountains.” TENNESSEE TENNESSEE POPULATION TENNESSEE Tennessee Population Today Population (2008): 6,214,888 (16th in size) Tennessee’s population lives in both rural (country) and urban (city) areas. TENNESSEE TENNESSEE STATEHOOD TENNESSEE Statehood June 1, 1796, Tennessee became the 16th state to join the United States of America. TENNESSEE IMPORTANT FIGURES OF TENNESSEE HISTORY TENNESSEE John Sevier TENNESSEE John Sevier Tennessee voters chose Sevier to be their first governor. He was governor for 12 years, directed the government to build roads, and worked with Native American tribes to gain more land for settlers. Sevier County is named after him. TENNESSEE Andrew Jackson Jackson played a role in founding the City of Memphis and won election to the United States Congress. TENNESSEE Andrew Jackson During the war of 1812, he volunteered to fight and earned the nickname “Old Hickory.” Jackson was elected 7th President of the United States in 1828 and elected a second time in 1832 because he was a war hero. Jackson was seen as a strong, independent man of the people – a common man who stood up for the common people. TENNESSEE Andrew Johnson TENNESSEE Andrew Johnson Five days after the war ended, President Abraham Lincoln was killed. His Vice President, Andrew Johnson of Tennessee, became the 17th President of the United States. He led our country through the Reconstruction Period. TENNESSEE James K. Polk TENNESSEE James K. Polk James Polk was a United States Representative and a speaker of the House. He was elected the 11th President of the United States. During his office, America extended its western border to the Pacific Ocean. TENNESSEE Austin Peay Governor of Tennessee TENNESSEE Austin Peay Governor of Tennessee, 19011927. Native of Kentucky and the first and only Governor of Tennessee to die while in office. Austin Peay University is named after him. Known for his work toward the transportation (roads) in Tennessee. TENNESSEE Anne Dallas Dudley Nashville native and women’s suffrage (right to vote) leader. TENNESSEE Martin Luther King, Jr. A Civil Rights activist who is most famous for his speech, “I Have a Dream” King was killed in Memphis, TN, on April 4, 1968 by James Earl Ray TENNESSEE Nancy Ward TENNESSEE Nancy Ward Born as a member of the Cherokee tribe sometime around 1738, her Cherokee name was Nan’yehi. As European settlers took over parts of Tennessee, she began to blend into the white world, and she became known as Nancy Ward. She was known to help keep the peace between Cherokee people and the European settlers. TENNESSEE Nancy Ward Nancy Ward, the famed Beloved Woman of Chota, rests in a small hilltop cemetery overlooking the Ocoee River, where U.S. Highway 411 crosses near the ancient ford of the Warrior's Path and the old Federal Road.