LOTO Training English version

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Isolation of Hazardous
Energy
Understanding the Requirement of Lockout Tagout
29 CFR 1910.147
References

OSHA CFR 29 1910.147

Accutech’s Energy Control Plan
Objectives

Introduce the requirements of
the lockout tagout standard.

Understand types of
hazardous energy.

Demonstrate understanding of
lockout tagout devices.

Understand the requirements
for LOTO procedures.

Understand the company
lockout tagout program.
The purpose of Lockout Tagout


The purpose of
lockout tagout is to
protect employees
from exposure to
uncontrolled
hazardous energy.
This is accomplished
by the use of locks
and tags to protect
employees.
Lockout Tagout Standard Requirements

29 CFR 1910.147 requires that employers:
◦ Develop a written plan for dealing with the isolation of
hazardous energy from machines and equipment where
unexpected startup could occur, or the release of stored
energy could injure employees.
◦ Employers must:
Provide energy isolation devices to employees.
Provide proper lockout tags.
Provide lockout tagout procedures.
Provide training for Authorized, Affected, and Other
employees.
 Perform periodic inspections to ensure that lockout tagout
policies are being properly followed.




Exceptions to the Rule

LOTO is not required when:
◦ Hazardous energy does not exist.
◦ Activities are performed during
routine production processes.
◦ Work on cord-controlled devices,
where the technician has direct
control of the cord.
◦ Hot tap operations where
shutdown is not possible.
(Special procedures must be used!)
Types of Hazardous Energy
Electrical
Stored
Mechanical
Energy
Moving
Machinery
Springs
Gravity
Pressurized
Fluids
Steam
What other
sources of
hazardous
energy are
present in your
work place?
Types of Equipment that may require
Lockout Tagout

Accumulators

Saws

Conveyors

Pumps

Production
equipment

Fluid Systems

Motors

Guillotine

Forklift(s)
What equipment in your work place requires
Lockout Tagout?
ne of the fundamental keys to
keeping each employee safe is that
each employee will apply their own
lock and tag to the equipment being
locked out. The lock that they apply
will only have one key, and it will be
in their possession. The energy
cannot be released accidentally or
purposely until all locks have been
removed. This ensures that all
employees are out of danger before
energy is applied.
Lockout Tagout Isolation Devices

There are many
different type of
isolation devices:
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
Locks
Valve Covers
Chains
Multi-lock hasps
Blocks
Ball valve covers
Piping Blanks
What lockout tagout
devices are used at
your facility?
Lockout Tagout Device Requirements

Durable
◦ Tags and locks must be tough enough to
withstand the environment they are placed
in.

Standardized
◦ The company needs to use the same
equipment across the business.

Substantial
◦ The equipment must be large enough to
be recognizable.

Identifiable
◦ The equipment must be recognizable by
employees.
Lockout Tagout – Affected Employees

“Affected Employees”
are employees that:
◦ Operate equipment.
◦ Infrequently adjust LOTO
equipment.
◦ Work in the area of
equipment that requires
LOTO.
Affected Employees can be
nearly everyone in a facility.
Affected Employees must be
trained in and have the ability
to recognize LOTO
requirements.
Affected Employee Responsibilities

It is the responsibility of the affected employee
to:
◦ Leave lockout tagout devices undisturbed.
◦ Notify proper personnel when equipment needs
maintenance or adjustment.
◦ Check that equipment operates safely after
LOTO.
◦ Follow procedures and safety rules when
operating equipment.
Lockout Tagout – Authorized Employees

Authorized Employees
are employees who:
◦ Maintain equipment.
◦ Perform maintenance on
equipment.
◦ Perform detailed
inspections of
equipment.
It is critical that Authorized Employees are fully trained in LOTO, and
have a strong understanding of the LOTO procedures that are specific
to their equipment.
Authorized Employee Responsibilities

Place a Danger tag on locked out equipment.

Inform affected employees of the lockout tagout
operation.

Ensure that all energy sources are isolated.

Test the equipment to verify energy is dissipated.

Repair equipment as needed.

Remove LOTO devices when completed and
restart equipment.
Lockout Tagout Procedures
Six Basic Steps
Notify
employees
Shutdown
Equipment
Isolate
Energy
Attach Lockout
Device
Release
Stored Energy
Verify Lockout
Specific lockout tagout procedures are
required for each piece of equipment that
requires lockout tagout.
Where are these procedures located?
LOTO Procedure Activity
Service &
Maintenance
Group Lockout Tagout



What do you do when more
than one person will be
working on a locked out
piece of equipment?
Each person must hang their
own lock on the device.
This can be accomplished by
using multi-lock hasps and
group lock boxes.
Using a Tagout System

Tags cannot be used as a substitute for locks. They
can invoke a false sense of security.

They can only be used alone if there is no other way
to positively control the hazardous energy.
◦ They don’t provide the physical protection that
locking devices do.
◦ They can only be removed with authorization of
the authorized person who hung the tag. The tag
cannot be bypassed, ignored, or otherwise
defeated.


Tags and their means of attachment must be made
of materials that can withstand the environmental
conditions of the workplace.
Tags must be securely attached so that they cannot
be accidently detached.
DANGER
DO NOT
OPERATE
REMARKS:
_____________________
______________
_____________________
___
_____________________
___
_____________________
___
SEE OTHER SIDE
Forcible Removal of a LOTO Device

Need for lock and tag removal is identified to
person's supervisor.

Attempt to contact the owner is documented on
the Abandoned Lock Removal Form.

An evaluation of the entire system must be made
to ensure that an injury can not occur before the
lock is removed. (Names are documented on the
form.)

Bolt cutters or other removal device are
acquired.

Supervisor or designee removes the lock. (Names
are documented on the form.)
Written Lockout Tagout Standard



Every business is
required to have a
written Lockout Tagout
Program.
This program
describes the lockout
tagout program at
your facility.
Where is the Lockout
Tagout Standard
stored at your facility?
Questions?
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