Lockout Tagout Safety Training Powerpoint

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LOCKOUT/TAGOUT
1
Subpart J
General Environmental Controls
1910.147
– The control of hazardous energy
• Lockout/Tagout
2
Outline
 Scope, Application, Purpose
 Definitions
 Energy Control Program
 Energy Control Procedure
 Material and Hardware
 Periodic Inspection
 Training and Communication
3
Scope
 Scope
– Servicing and maintenance of machines and
equipment where . . .
• Unexpected energization or
• Start up or
• Release of stored energy
Could Cause Injury To Employees
4
Scope
 Exceptions:
– Construction, agriculture, maritime
– Electric utilities
– Electric utilization installations (Subpart S)
– Oil & gas well drilling & servicing
5
Application
 Control of Energy
 Normal production operations not
covered unless . . .
– Remove or bypass a guard or safety device
– Part of body is in point of operation
Must Provide Alternative Protection
6
Application
 Exceptions:
– Cord & plug connected electric equipment
• Only energy source
• Person performing work – exclusive control
– Hot tap operations – transmission &
distribution systems for:
• Gas, steam , water or petroleum
– Pressurized pipelines where continuity of service is
essential
• Alternative protection is still essential
7
Purpose
 Requires Employers To:
– Establish a program
– Utilize procedures
8
Definitions
Employees
– Authorized
• Person who uses lockout/tagout
Affected
• Person who operates or uses machine where
lockout/tagout is being performed or
• Works in area
Other
• All “other” employees
9
Definitions
 Energized
– Connected to energy source
– Contains residual or
stored energy
 Energy Source
– Electrical, mechanical, hydraulic,
pneumatic, chemical, thermal, or other
energy
10
Energy Control Program
Energy Control Procedures
Periodic Inspections
Employee Training
11
Lockout or Tagout?
 If energy isolating device cannot be
locked out:
– Tagout
 If energy isolating device can be locked
out:
– Lockout or
– Tagout
• Attach at same location as lockout
• Provide equivalent level of safety as lockout
12
After January 2, 1990 . . .
Whenever a replacement or major repair,
renovation or modification or new
machines or equipment are installed:
Energy Isolating devices shall
be designed to accept a
lockout device!
13
Energy Control Procedure
 Develop, document and utilize
 Exceptions to documentation (all must exist):
– No potential for stored or residual energy after shut
down
– Single energy source – readily identified & isolated
– Locking out will completely deenergize equipment
– Equipment isolated from energy source during work
– Single lockout device is needed
– Lockout device under exclusive control of worker
– Work does not create hazard for other employees
– Employer – no accidents utilizing this exception
14
Energy Control Procedures
 Purpose of procedure
 Procedural steps for shutting down,
isolating, blocking an securing
 Procedural steps for placement, removal
and transfer of lockout/tagout devices
– Who’s responsible?
 Requirements for verification
15
Materials and Hardware
 Provided by Employer
– Locks, tags, chains, wedges, key blocks, adapter
pins, self-locking fasteners etc.
 Not used for any other
purpose
 Durable
 Standardized
– Color shape or size
 Substantial
 Identifiable
– Employee
– Tagout – warning such as Do Not Start
16
Periodic Inspection
 At least annually
 Ensures procedure and requirements
of standard are being met
 Conducted by authorized
employee
– Not the one utilizing energy
– control procedures
 Correct deviations or inadequacies
 Include interview with authorized
and affected
17
Periodic Inspection
Certification
 Identify machine or equipment utilizing
lockout/tagout
 Date of inspection
 Employees included in inspection
 Person performing inspection
18
Training
 Must ensure purpose
and function of
program are
understood by
employee
 Must ensure the
knowledge and skills
required for safe
application, usage,
and removal of
energy controls are
acquired by
employee
19
Training
1.
2.
3.
4.
Authorized
Recognition of
hazardous energy
sources
Type and magnitude
of energy available
Methods and means
for energy isolation
& control
Limitations of tags
Affected
1.
2.
Purpose & use of energy
control procedure
Limitations of tags
Other
1.
2.
3.
Knowledge of procedure
Prohibited to restart or
reenergize
Limitations of tags
20
Employee Retraining
 Change in job assignment
 Change in machines, equipment
 Change in processes present a new hazard
 Change in energy control procedures
 Whenever periodic inspection shows
Retrain
deviations or inadequacies
 Must reestablish employee proficiency
 Certify
21
Application of Energy Control
 Preparation for shutdown
 Machine or equipment shutdown
 Machine or equipment isolation
 Apply lockout/tagout devices
 Stored energy
 Verification
22
Release from Lockout/Tagout
 Check machine
 Notify employees (check area for
employees)
 Removed by person who applied device
– Removal by person other than one who applied
device
23
Outside Contractors
 Inform each other of respective
lockout/tagout procedures
 On-site employer ensure employees
understand and comply with restrictions and
prohibitions of outside employer’s energy
control program
24
Group Lockout/Tagout
 Every authorized employee working on
equipment
– One person – one lock
– Each person remove only
his/her lock when done
working
 Responsibility given to
one authorized employee to coordinate
25
Shift Changes
 Specific procedures must be utilized
– Ensure continuity of lockout/tagout
– Provisions for orderly transfer of lockout/tagout
devices
26
Enforcement of Procedures
Important!!!
27
28
29
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