How is moving and handling defined?

What you will learn
in this session
1. Relevant legislation, guidelines, trust policies & processes
2. How to carry out a risk assessment
before moving an object
3. How good posture and back care support
safe moving and handling
4. Understand and promote safe working practices
5. Importance of good communication and a team approach
6. How to control risk
7. Best practice in moving and handling
Why is this important?
 Moving and handling is a key part of the working day
for most employees
 In health and social care, moving and handling
injuries account for 40% of work-related sickness
 Around 5000 moving and handling injuries reported
each year in health services
 It costs the NHS £1 billion a year to treat injuries
resulting from manual handling
What the law says
 Significant amount of legislation and
guidance related to moving and
 Health & Safety at Work, etc. Act
 Manual Handling Operations
(1992 – amended 2002)
 Aim is to protect, employers,
employees and the public
Your employer has
responsibilities to…
 AVOID moving and handling activities if there is a risk of
injury to you
 ASSESS moving and handling activities if it cannot be
 REDUCE the risk of injury to you as an employees as
much as possible
 REVIEW risk assessments regularly
You have
responsibilities to:
 Follow prescribed systems of work
 Be aware of and understand your organisation’s
moving and handling policy
 Use equipment provided properly
 Co-operate with your employer on moving
and handling matters
 Tell your employer if you identify hazardous handling
activities or any defects in equipment
 Ensure your activities don’t put others at risk.
How is moving and handling
 “ ...any transporting or
supporting of a load (including
the lifting, putting down,
pushing, pulling, carrying or
moving thereof) by hand or
bodily force”
MHOR, 1992
Most common injuries
 Musculo-skeletal disorders to the back
and limbs including damage to:
 Joints
 Muscles
 Tendons & ligaments
 Repetitive Strain Injury
 Hernias
 Abrasions/bruises
 Wear and tear
 Fractures
The spine and back
 The spine consists of:
 Spinal cord
 Vertebrae
 Intervertebral discs
 Ligaments
 Tendons
 Muscles
Assessment of risk
 T.I.L.E.
 Task
 Individual capability
 Load
 Environment
The Task….
 Why am I moving the person/load?
 Can the move be avoided
in some way?
 How often will I perform this task?
 Where am I going to and from?
 What is the most effective / safer way
of fulfilling the task?
Individual capability
 Does it need unusual capabilities?
 Am I the best person to do this?
 Does my health affect my ability?
 Do I require specific
 Does it require a team approach?
 Do I require protective clothing and will
this hinder me?
The Load
 Heavy?
 Bulky or unwieldy?
 An odd shape?
 Difficult to grasp?
 Unstable or unpredictable?
 Hot or cold?
 Sharp?
 Slippery?
The Environment
 Consider the following:
 Lack of space to move
 High or low work surfaces
 Uneven or slippery floors
 Steps
 Inadequate lighting
 Cold, hot or humid
 Obstructions.
Assessment leads to a plan
Position your feet correctly
 Put your feet apart
 Place the leading leg as far
forward as is comfortable
 Try to position leading leg
in the direction you intend to go
Wear suitable footwear
Adopt a good posture
 Keep your spine in line
 Maintain normal curve
 Bend your knees
 Don’t over-flex your joints
 Keep your shoulders level
 Raise your head
 Face same direction as the hips
Get a good hold
 Keep arms within the boundary formed by your legs
 Keep the load as close to your centre of gravity as
 Get a firm grip
Do you need gloves?
Use equipment to move
 You must be trained to use handling
 Equipment should always be
checked prior to use.
 Report any concerns regarding
� IIs it suitable for the task?
HSE guidance
Team handling
 Lifting as a team does not mean
you can lift lots more weight!
 Two people can not lift twice as much,
only 2/3 of what you think they can lift
 Three people can not lift three times
as much, only 1/2 of what you
think they can lift
 Think about the dignity and safety of everyone
 Identify the lead to coordinate the move
Sources of information
 Health and Safety Executive:
 National Back Exchange:
Any Questions?
Insert trainer’s name, telephone number and email here