Chapter 1 - Mypage Web Server

Your First Day of Class…
You may be surprised to learn…
…that over 25% of all undergraduate students do not utilize their required
course material.
…student retention is dropping nationwide and while the higher education
community has done a remarkable job of opening the doors of college to
more and more students, we have not seen equal strides in the number of
students who actually complete four-year degrees. (Education Trust, 2004)
begin on
slide 5.
What you can do…
•The top factors motivating a student to use their adopted books all involve
whether the material is immediately used, referred to, or assessed from in
the classroom.
•Your students take their cues from you and many wait until the third week of
class to see how the book is used before deciding whether or not they need
it. Please take a few minutes the first day of class to explain and demonstrate
why you adopted your book and accompanying technology.
• The next few slides show the book, technology products, and messaging
that indicates that they
will be responsible for the content. Feel free to
customize the information
or delete from your slide set.
Your Required Technology Materials
Development Through Life, 9e
You will need this
material for…
– tests and quizzes
– homework and reading
Resources to help you succeed in this course
InfoTrac College Edition
WebTutor Tools
You can do your
research 24/7 with easy
access to over 10 million
full-text articles from
nearly 5000 academic
journals, magazines,
and periodicals. Do your
research from home,
work, or your dorm
WebTutor offers realtime access to a full
array of premium
study tools.
Student Companion Web Site
This outstanding site features interactive versions of the ethics &
choice activities, chapter-by-chapter online tutorial quizzes, a final
exam, chapter outlines, chapter review, chapter-by-chapter
weblinks, flashcards, and more!
Why you need to use the new edition…
New research has been completed and the results have been
included in this new edition. Here are a few examples that you’ll
be studying and tested upon…
• A new Chapter 16, "Understanding Death, Dying, and Grieving," has
been added.
• The authors have included the new results of several longitudinal
studies, including the relationship of early prosocial behavior to empathy
in adolescence and adulthood.
• This edition includes updated and expanded coverage and examples of
brain development and its relation to cognition and language, children
and adolescents with special needs, and fertility problems.
• This edition includes several new sections focusing on fathers and
fathering in the prenatal period, infancy, adolescence, and adulthood.
Chapter 1:
The Development Through
Life Perspective
The Development Through Life Perspective
• Chapter Objectives
– To introduce the basic assumptions that
underlie the organization and focus of the text
– To introduce the psychosocial approach to the
study of development, including the
interrelationships among the biological,
psychological, and societal systems
– To note historical changes in life expectancy
and examine the implications of these
changes for the study of development over
the life span
The Development Through Life Perspective
• Assumptions of the Text
– Growth occurs at every period of life, from
conception through very old age
– Individual lives show continuity and change as
they progress through time
– We need to understand the whole person,
because we function in an integrated manner
– Behavior must be interpreted in the context of
relevant settings and personal relationships
– People contribute actively to their
The Development Through Life Perspective
• A Psychosocial Approach: The Interaction and
Modification of 3 Major Systems Produces
Human Life
– The biological system
– The psychological system
– The societal system
• The psychosocial impact of poverty
– Overview of the psychosocial approach
The Development Through Life Perspective
Figure 1.1 The Biological System
The Development Through Life Perspective
Figure 1.2 The Psychological System
The Development Through Life Perspective
Figure 1.3 The Societal System
The Development Through Life Perspective
• Conditions Leading to Poverty
– Decline in well-paying, blue-collar jobs
– Large increases in single-mother households
due to births to unmarried women and to
– Erosion of the economic safety net for poor
children, including the decline in cash
transfers and benefits to families in the new
welfare program, Transitional Assistance to
Needy Families
– Decline in purchasing power of minimum
The Development Through Life Perspective
• The Psychosocial Impact of Poverty
– African American, Hispanic, and Native
American families are over represented
among poor Americans
– Chronic poverty is linked with health
problems, delays in reaching developmental
milestones, and reduced life expectancy
– Some children living in poverty are resilient
escape its negative effects, and continue to
develop optimally
The Development Through Life Perspective
• Case Study: Rose
– Thought Questions
• How does this case illustrate the interconnections
among the biological, psychological, and societal
• Given what you know about the assumptions of
psychosocial theory, how might Rose’s stage of
development influence her perceptions of this
situation and her approach to coping with this
• How might you frame a research question based
on the information raised in this case study?
• How do the assumptions of this text influence your
approach to understanding the case of Rose?
The Development Through Life Perspective
The Development Through Life Perspective
Figure 1.4 Percentage Surviving by Age: 1900-1902, 1949-1951, and
The Development Through Life Perspective
The Development Through Life Perspective
• Factors that Contribute to Longevity
– High family income
– Having no hypertension, arthritis, or back pain
– Being a nonsmoker
– Having normal body weight
– Consuming a moderate amount of alcohol