SPONGE 8/28/12 (AC) Copy everything below. Rewrite each sentence correctly. Then explain why each sentence is now correct (this can be done in a single sentence or with sentence Have your homework out fragments). Daily Grammar Practice: 1. Da Nazis took awey priveledges German Jews have had for centuries 2. Many Jews losted their jobs and businesses. Many Jews were attacked without reeson. while you do your sponge for credit. SPONGE 8/28/12 Have your homework out while you do your sponge for credit. Copy everything below. Rewrite each sentence correctly. Daily Grammar Practice: 1. Da Nazis took awey priveledges German Jews have had for centuries 2. Many Jews losted their jobs and businesses. Many Jews were attacked without reeson. DO NOW 8/28/12 Answers Corrected Version: 1. The Nazis took away privileges German Jews had had for centuries. 2. Many Jews lost their jobs and businesses and were attacked without reason. Concept Review • What did we learn about yesterday? –B • Bold – List any words or phrases that are in bold print. –I • Italics – List any words or phrases that are in italics. –G • Graphics – Describe any graphics. (photos, drawings, graphs, charts, maps, tables, etc.) Concept Review –F • Facts – List at least 5 facts found in the article. –O • Opinions – List any opinions found in the article. –X • X marks the spot – or at least the main point. In 2-3 sentences, write the main point of the article. (Hint – read the topic sentence of each paragraph.) Concept Review Take 5 Minutes • Do BIG FOX at your table groups with the article from last night. • Write your findings on butcher paper. What Do You Remember About This Day??? GUILTY OR NOT GUILTY? *Let’s watch a clip from a courtroom scene and see how persuasion is being used to convince: http://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/style/closing-arguments-inconrad-murray-trial/2011/11/03/gIQAsPy9iM_story.html DISCUSSION QUESTIONS: 1. DO YOU AGREE WITH THE VERDICT (GUILTY)? WHY? 2. IS IT OK FOR A DOCTOR TO GIVE HIS/HER PATIENT ANYTHING THEY WANT OR THINK THEY NEED FROM THE DOCTOR EVEN IF IT CAN CAUSE THEM HARM? 3. WHAT IF YOUR SALARY IS BEING PAYED BY THE PATIENT AND NOT DOING WHAT THEY ASK MAY CAUSE YOU TO BE FIRED/REPLACED??? Persuasion Claim State your argument. Example: I am going to try to convince you that chocolate is a healthy snack. Logos Facts, numbers, and information can be very convincing. Example: A Snickers bar has 280 calories and 30 grams of sugar. That’s not very healthy. Examples of Logos • • • • • • • Facts - can be proven. Expert opinions or quotations Definitions - statement of meaning of word or phrase Statistics - offer scientific support Examples - powerful illustrations Anecdote - incident, often based on writer's personal experiences Emotional appeals - to provide support for reasons, carefully chosen loaded words, carrying positive or negative connotations, sway readers' emotions • Present opposition - and give reasons and evidence to prove the opposition wrong • Conclude with call to action - urge the reader to do something Big Names Important people or experts can make your argument seem more convincing. Example: Former U.S. president Bill Clinton thinks that junk food should be taken out of vending machines. Pathos Getting people to feel happy, sad, afraid, or angry can help your argument. Example: Your donation might just get this puppy off the street and into a good home. Pathos Con’d Pathos, or the emotional appeal, means to persuade an audience by appealing to their emotions. • Authors use pathos to invoke sympathy from an audience; to get them to feel what the writer feels. A common use of pathos would be to draw pity from an audience. Another use of pathos would be to inspire anger from an audience; perhaps in order to prompt action. Pathos is the Greek word for both “suffering” and “experience.” The word pathetic is derived from pathos. • Pathos can be developed by using meaningful language, emotional tone, emotion evoking examples, stories of emotional events, and implied meanings. Ethos If people believe and trust in you, you’re more likely to persuade them. Example: Believe me! I’ve been there before. I’m just like you. Ethos Con’d Ethos, or the ethical appeal, means to convince an audience of the author’s credibility or character. • An author would use ethos to show to his audience that he is a credible source and is worth listening too. Ethos is the Greek word for “character.” The word “ethic” is derived from ethos. • Ethos can be developed by choosing language that is appropriate for the audience and topic (also means choosing proper level of vocabulary), making yourself sound fair or unbiased, introducing your expertise or pedigree, and by using correct grammar and syntax. Checking for Understanding… 1. Let’s revisit the Conrad Murray case: http://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/style/closing-arguments-inconrad-murray-trial/2011/11/03/gIQAsPy9iM_story.html 2. What persuasive appeals (pathos, logos, ethos) did the prosecutor use in his closing argument? 3. Was it effective (guilty/not guilty) WORK SESSION: Directions: using your notes and graphic organizer choose one topic to complete a persuasive thesis sentence. Make sure you use pathos, ethos, or logos in one of your reasons. • • • • • • • There should be gum-chewing in school. Our school day should go from 7 hours to 5 hours. We should have year round school. Rap music should be banned because it is a bad influence on kids. Children under the age of 18 should not play violent video games. Corporal punishment (paddling) should be brought back into the schools. There should be gum-chewing in school. PERSUASIVE GRAPHIC ORGANIZER CLAIM (should/shouldn’t) REASON #1 REASON #2 REASON #3 Closing Cloze Sentence: On the back of your rubric fill in the blanks of the sentence below: Today I accomplished__________ and I still need to finish ________.