PRESENT SIMPLE – PAST SIMPLE PAST SIMPLE – PAST PERFECT FUTURE SIMPLE – FUTURE IN THE PAST PRESENT PROGRESSIVE – PAST PROGRESSIVE PRESENT PERFECT – PAST PERFECT ДЛЯ ПЕРЕДАЧИ ПОВЕСТВОВАТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ В КОСВЕННОЙ РЕЧИ НЕОБХОДИМО: 1. СОБЛЮДАТЬ ПРАВИЛО СОГЛАСОВАНИЯ ВРЕМЕН 2. ЗАМЕНЯТЬ ЛИЧНЫЕ МЕСТОИМЕНИЯ ПО СМЫСЛУ 3. ИСПОЛЬЗОВАТЬ ГЛАГОЛЫ TO SAY, TO TELL (HE SAID, HE TOLD THAT…) 4. ЗАМЕНЯТЬ НАРЕЧИЯ (места и времени действия.) ПО СМЫСЛУ: HERE – THERE THIS - THAT NOW – THEN TODAY – THAT DAY YESTERDAY – THE DAY BEFORE TOMORROW – THE NEXT DAY DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH PRESENT SIMPLE S + V/ Vs S + DON’T/ DOESN/T + V PAST SIMPLE S + Ved / V2 S + DIDN’T + V PAST SIMPLE S + Ved / V2 S + DIDN’T + V PAST PERFECT S + HAD + Ved/3 S + HADN’T + Ved/3 FUTURE SIMPLE S + SHALL/ WILL + V S + SHAN’T/ WON’T + V FUTURE IN THE PAST S + SHOULD/ WOULD + V PRESENT PERFECT S + HAS/HAVE + Ved/ V3 PAST PERFECT S + HAD + Ved/3 S + HADN’T + Ved/3 PRESENT PROGRESSIVE S + AM/ IS/ ARE + Ving PAST PROGRESSIVE S + WAS/ WERE + Ving DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH PRESENT SIMPLE “I study English at school” “We don’t like to read books” PAST SIMPLE He said that he studied English. They said they didn’t like books PAST SIMPLE “My parents lived here two years ago” PAST PERFECT She said her parents had lived there two years before. FUTURE SIMPLE “We will tell you about it tomorrow” FUTURE IN THE PAST They told that they would tell Her about it the next day. PRESENT PERFECT “I have never been in Paris” PAST PERFECT He said he had never been in Paris. PRESENT PROGRESSIVE “He is watching TV now” PAST PROGRESSIVE She said that he was watching TV then. ПРИ ПЕРЕДАЧЕ ПОВЕЛИТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ В КОСВЕННОЙ РЕЧИ ГЛАГОЛ TO SAY ЗАМЕНЯЕТСЯ ГЛАГОЛАМИ: TO ASK, TO TELL, TO ORDER. КОСВЕННАЯ ПРОСЬБА И ПРИКАЗ ВЫРАЖАЮТСЯ ИНФИНИТИВОМ ПОСЛЕ СУЩЕСТВИТЕЛЬНОГО В ОБЩЕМ ПАДЕЖЕ ИЛИ МЕСТОИМЕНИЯ В ОБЪЕКТНОМ ПАДЕЖЕ. DIRECT SPEECH “Go home!”, said the teacher to us INDIRECT SPEECH The teacher told us to go home (to V) “Don’t make noise!” said My granny asked me my granny. Not to make noise. (not to V) 1. 2. 3. 4. ПРЯМОЙ ПОРЯДОК СЛОВ СЛОВА АВТОРА ВВОДЯТСЯ СЛОВАМИ IF, WHETHER СХЕМА ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ: IF + S + v + V ДЛЯ ПЕРЕДАЧИ КОСВЕННЫХ ВОПРОСОВ ИСПОЛЬЗУЮТСЯ ГЛАГОЛЫ: ASKED, WANTED TO KNOW, WONDERED. СЛОВА АВТОРА ВВОДЯТСЯ ВОПРОСИТЕЛЬНЫМИ МЕСТОИМЕНИЯМИ DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH PRESENT SIMPLE “DO/DOES+S+V?” (HE) ASKED PAST SIMPLE IF S+ Ved/V2 PAST SIMPLE “DID+S+V?” (HE) ASKED PAST PERFECT IF S+HAD+Ved/V3 FUTURE SIMPLE “WILL/SHALL+ S+V?” (HE) ASKED FUTURE IN THE PAST IF S+ WOULD/SHOULD+ V PRESENT PERFECT “HAVE/HAS+S+Ved/V3 (HE) ASKED PAST PERFECT IF S+HAD+Ved/V3 PRESENT PROGRESSIVE (HE) ASKED PAST PROGRESSIVE IF S+WAS/WERE+Ving “AM/IS/ARE+S+Ving?” DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH PRESENT SIMPLE “Do you like jam?” (HE) ASKED PAST SIMPLE IF I liked jam PAST SIMPLE “Did your sister go to school yesterday?” (HE) ASKED PAST PERFECT IF My sister had gone to FUTURE SIMPLE (HE) ASKED FUTURE IN THE PAST IF They would visit their “Will they visit their friends tomorrow?” PRESENT PERFECT “Have you finished your Homework?” school the day before?” Friends the next day (HE) ASKED PAST PERFECT IF She had finished her homework PRESENT PROGRESSIVE (HE) ASKED PAST PROGRESSIVE IF We were listening music “Are you listening to Music now?” then 1. He said, “Do you like shopping?” He asked if I liked shopping 2. Mother said to her son, “ Have you invited anybody to dinner?” Mother asked her son if he had invited … 3. He asked me, “ Will you go to the disco tomorrow?” He asked me if I would go to the disco the next day 4. Ann said, “ Jane, where are you going for the weekend?” Ann asked Jane where she was going for the weekend. 5. I said to my friend, “How long did you stay in Moscow?” I asked my friend how long he had stayed in Moscow. 6. Mike said to me, “ Where can I see you next time?” Mike asked me where he could see me the following time. 7. He said me, “ What will you do after school?” He asked me what I would do after school. 1. I said to Boris, “Does your friend live in London?” ? I asked Boris if his friend lived in London. 2. “Sit down and do your homework,” said Tom’s mother ! to him. Tom’s mother told him to sit down and do his homework. 3. My uncle said, “ We shall visit you next week.” + My uncle said they would visit us the following week. 4. “Where are your books, boys?” said the teacher. ? The teacher asked boys where their books were. 5. “ Don’t cross the street under the red light,” said the man to Nick. ! The man told Nick not to cross the street…. ? 6. Mother said to me, “Did you play with your friends yesterday?” Mother asked me if I had played… with my... 7. “I am shivering with cold,” said the girl. + The girl said that she was shivering with cold.