Government Reforms during The Progressive Era

By: Danielle Johnson
Jonathan Rivas
Period 5
The Progressive Era had caused a lot of controversy,
because many had exposed the true horrors of society.
Many associations were started to support the
movement to change.
 The Progressive Era went on through the 1890’s-1920’s
Muckrakers were people of the press determined to
expose the truth to society.
Many women had agreed that men who had consumed
alcohol were more likely abuse their wives, and neglect
their families.
The Women’s Union (WCTU), had strongly supported
this movement, and were also known to have lead the
The Eighteenth Amendment had outlawed the
production and sale of alcohol.
Women had earned the right to vote in the year 1920.
Women had argued that the only way the government
would protect children, foster education, and support
for family life, was if women could vote.
Since the 1860’s reformers such as Elizabeth Cady
Stanton and Susan B. Anthony had struggled for the
right for all women to have a say in political issues.
Carrie Chapman Catt had created the National
American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA), to
show support for women’s rights.
The Secret Ballot was created so people could vote
without their employers or bosses knowing.
The Referendum would allow voters to decide if a bill
or a proposed amendment should be passed.
A Direct Primary would ensure that voters select
candidates to run for office, rather than party bosses.
A Recall would allow voters to petition to have an
elected representative removed from office.
 In 1919 President Woodrow Wilson approved and signed
into law the "Tax on Employment of Child Labor." This
placed a ten percent tax on net profits of businesses that
employed children under age fourteen or made them work
more than eight hours a day, six days a week.
 The Smith-Hughes Act, passed in 1917, provided one
million dollars to states that agreed to improve their public
schools by providing vocational education programs. The
National Child Labor Committee and other organizations
believed that these programs would offer children an
alternative to work.
The first Pure Food and Drug Act was passed in 1906.
The purpose was to protect the public against
adulteration of food and from products identified as
healthful without scientific support.
President Theodore Roosevelt began the process by
ensuring the passage of the Meat Inspection Act of
1906, which was followed by the Pure Food and Drug
Act, passed in 1906 to become effective at the start of
Provisions included, Creation of the Food and Drug
Administration, which was entrusted with the
responsibility of testing all foods and drugs destined
for human consumption.
The requirement for prescriptions from licensed
physicians before a patient could purchase certain
The requirement of label warnings on habit-forming
What was the Progressive Eras’ effect on the
people of America?
 "Pure Food and Drug Act: A Muckraking Triumph." United States
American History. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2013. <>.
 Werner, Lapsansky. United States History. Boston, Massachusettes:
Premtice Hall, 2008. Print.
 "[Regents Prep U.S. History] Reform: Progressive Era Reform." Oswego
City School District Regents Exam Prep Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct.
2013. <
 provision, 1929 every state had a. "Documenting "The Other Half": The
Social Reform Photography of Jacob Riis and Lewis Hine." American
Studies @ The University of Virginia. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2013.