The Soviet Union Stalin I Death of Lenin • In 1924 Lenin died. • The rule of the first Communist leader was over. The Rise of Stalin • Born into poverty. • Not well educated. • Was seen a a crude man. Was also cold, hard and cruel • Would use brutality and murder to enforce his reign as dictator. • Stalin will become one of the most brutal leaders in history. Stalin Takes Power • In 1928 Stalin obtained control of the government. • Stalin turned the Soviet Union into a totalitarian state. • Stalin was the dictator and controlled the one party system of government. Stalin as a Totalitarian • Totalitarian leaders – – – – centralize the government control every aspect of public and private life appear to provide a sense of direction limit values such as freedom, dignity and individual worth. Life in a Totalitarian State Economics •Growth of industry •Growth of military •Low standard of living •Food shortages Religion •Gov’t hates religion •Takes over places of worship •Controls religious worship Politics •One party system •Dictatorship •Gpv’t controls lives of the citizens •Gov’t controls Industry and agriculture •Use of propaganda to Win gov’t support Arts •Censorship of art, books, music. •Use art to praise Communism •Artist are watched by the secret police Society •Use of secret police •Communist Party members are the upper class •Free education •Free health care •Jobs for women Stalin and the Secret Police • Dictators use terror and violence to enforce their rule. • Stalin created his totalitarian state by getting rid of his enemies. Stalin and the Secret Police • Stalin carried out the following – Used tanks and military to stop riots – Used the secret police to spy on people – Children were encouraged to turn in disloyal parents – Millions were arrested and executed The Great Purge • In 1934 Stalin turn on anyone in the Communist party who threatened his power. The Great Purge • Bolsheviks who had help start the revolution were arrested, placed on “trial” and executed. • “Crimes against the state” • All types of people were arrested for petty crimes and never seen again • By 1939 Stalin had complete and total control of the government and the Communist Party. • Between 8 to 11 million people were murdered during the purges. Russification • Stalin was a strong Russian Nationalist. • He did away with individual cultures. • Stalin promoted – A common Russian history, language, culture. – Appointed Russians to key posts in Gov’t and the secret police. – Re-drew the boundaries of Russia to ensure non Russian republics would not become bigger then Russia. – The ruling class of Russia was to be Russian. Propaganda • The spreading of ideas to promote a certain cause or damage and opposing cause Stalin and Propaganda • The government used propaganda to – Encourage people to accept the Communist ideas. – Glorify Stalin and the Communist. – Praise the Communist reforms. Censorship • No individual creativity was allowed. • All published works conformed to the Stalin and Communist ideals • The Government controlled the radio, newspaper, and other means of information. Classwork • Both Lenin and Stalin had similar and different ideas on how to achieve the goals of the Communist Party. • Using the notes from the handout create a Venn diagram for both Lenin and Stalin Homework Read pages 775-780 and answer the following 1. What is totalitarianism? 2. What is a command economy? 3. What are collective farms? 4. What was the Great Purge?