How to teach the EU Professor R. Daniel Kelemen Director, Center for European Studies Rutgers University Teaching Resources: EU Centers of Excellence • Network of European Union Centers of Excellence: http://www.euce.org/education/ • Which includes: – Lesson Plans – Multimedia Resources – External Links • University of Washington: http://jsis.washington.edu/euc/educators/#web_resources • University of Pittsburgh: http://www.ucis.pitt.edu/euce/outreach/index.html • Teach Europe Resources page: http://www.teacheurope.org/resources.php • New York Times, Learning Network Blog: http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com • Outreachworld http://www.outreachworld.org/ Outline • The bad news: I don’t know how to teach high school or middle school students. You do! • Resources for teaching the EU • Some Major themes • Discussion Teaching Resources: EU resources • EU Resources – EU Delegation to the US Teaching Resources: http://www.eurunion.org/eu/index.php?option=com_co ntent&task=view&id=2144&Itemid=9 – EU Teachers’ Corner: http://europa.eu/teacherscorner/ – The EU in Slides: http://europa.eu/abc/euslides/index_en.htm – EU Kid’s Corner: http://europa.eu/europago/welcome.jsp – EU Games/Quizzes Competitions: http://europa.eu/quick-links/eu-kids/index_en.htm • EUtube: http://www.youtube.com/user/eutube EU Resources: News • BBC Europe: • http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/europe /2003/inside_europe/default.stm • EU Observer: http://euobserver.com/ • NPR: • http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.p hp?storyId=128407020 Major Themes: What does the EU help us teach? • • • • Interdependence and Cooperation Nationalism, Language and Identity Diversity, Multiculturalism and Immigration Enlargement and challenges of political unification (parallels with the US) • Europe as model? Benefits of integration Interdependence and Cooperation • EU is most successful example in world history of countries working together to solve common problems • EU countries are interdependent. They face common challenges that none can solve alone: – Environment – Economic Globalization – Defense / Security Nationalism, Language, Identity • Nationalism discredited by WWII • But languages and identities remain national • Can Europe craft a stronger ‘common identity’ • First build Europe, then Europeans? 23 Official Languages Can Europe Craft Common Identity? • Common symbols • Exchange programs Diversity, Multiculturalism and Immigration • Muslims in Europe • http://www.euce.org/assets/doc/education/k12/mich_muslims_in_eur ope.pdf • The Veil Controversy • http://www.unc.edu/depts/europe/conferences/Veil2000/burqa.htm • The Danish Cartoon Crisis • http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/reference/timestopics/subjects/d/da nish_cartoon_controversy/index.html • http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2006/02/06/printing-error/ • EU vs. France over the Roma • http://euobserver.com/9/31074 Enlargement • Bridge to the Future: http://euce.org/assets/doc/education/k12/UWEUcurriculum_bridge.pdf • Debating Benefits and Challenges of EU Membership: http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/02/16/western-uniondebating-benefits-and-challenges-of-eu-membership/ • Council for Economic Education: Enlarging the European Union • http://www.econedlink.org/lessons/index.php?lid=163&type=educator • Outreach world: • http://www.outreachworld.org/Files/university_of_washington_seattl e/enlarging_the_eu.pdf Major EU Achievements 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Peace Enlargement Internal market The Euro Environmental Policy ..and many more From war to peace … to the ‘Love Parade’ in Berlin From the rubble of Dresden… From war… • Centuries of warfare culminating in: – WWI – over 15 million casualties – WWII – over 50 million casualties, including 6 million Jews killed in the Holocaust …to peace • On Bastille Day 1994, a German battalion marched down the Champs-Elysées… and they were invited! • War between France and Germany is now unthinkable • EU is moving toward a common defense policy EU Enlargement: From 6 to 27 Enlargement: from six to 27 countries 1952 1973 1981 1986 1990 1995 2004 2007 ENLARGEMENT 1957: France, Italy, Germany, Bel., Neth., Lux 1973: Denmark, Ireland, UK 1981: Greece 1986: Spain, Portugal 1995: Finland, Sweden, Austria 2004: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Poland, Czech Rep., Slovakia, Slovenia, Malta, Cyprus 2007: Bulgaria and Romania Enlargement • Helped spread and stabilize democracy across Europe • Brought prosperity to ailing economies Internal Market Investment Education Travel Free Trade Retirement in the sun Communications Internal Market • Market power: The EU has the world’s largest market and is America’s biggest trading partner • Businesses benefit • Consumers benefit • Economic performance improves From many…. … to one: the Euro The Euro • Value of € in circulation now exceeds $ • Gaining ground as reserve currency (roughly 25% of global reserves) • Business benefits • Consumer benefits Environmental Policy • EU has become world leader on environmental policy • EU has spread high environmental standards across Europe - Climate Change Policy - REACH Chemicals law – Automobile recycling To stop global warming, EU leaders decided in 2007 to: • reduce greenhouse gas emissions – by 20% by 2020 4 improve energy efficiency by 20% by 2020 4 raise the share of renewable energy – to 20% by 2020 (wind, solar, hydro power, biomass) Europe as model? • We mostly hear bad news about Europe • But ‘European Model’ is attractive to many around the world • Less militaristic foreign policy • Stronger support for environmental protection • More social security • Can it be sustained?