Injury in sport: Risks and Hazards Level 2 Kevin Browne By the end of this lesson • What you should be able to do at the end of this lesson. • Know and describe what a risk is • Know and describe what a hazard is • Describe the 3 main categories of hazards • List and explain at least 6 risks and hazards associated with sport (performance and/or training) Assignment 2: Task 1 • P4) Describe six risks and hazards associated with sports participation • M3) Explain risks and hazards associated with sports participation • D1) Give a detailed account of why participants are at risk of injury while taking part in sport What is a Risk? • Individually write down a definition of what you think a risk is • Share with your partner and write a new definition • Discuss as a group • A risk is the possibility of something happening What is a hazard? • • • • • What is a hazard? Individually Share with your partner Discuss as a group A hazard is something that is dangerous and has the potential to cause harm or an injury to someone • An example would be a spillage on the sports hall which some one could slip on. • Sport is not without risk, however, these risk factors need to be balanced in order to minimise injuries and accidents. • Risks and hazards originate from three factors; people, • equipment and the • environment People, Equipment, Environmental • People: These are hazards that are caused by people such as your self or another person • Equipment: Many sports and outdoor activities require special equipment and without these it can lead to a potential injury. • Environmental: these are often uncontrollable (such as the weather) but it is important to check before hand and make a judgement • Individually write down as many risks that you can think off in sport that could injure you. (3 minutes) • Share them with a partner and add suggestions to your work • Discuss as a class Put your suggestions under the appropriate headings using the task sheet . Work in 2s Environmental factors Task 1 Equipment factors People factors Task 2: • Using the sheet that has been given to you write the hazard under the correct heading. • This work must be completed individually 1st • Share with your partner • Check as a group Put your suggestions under the appropriate headings using the task sheet . Task Environmental factors Equipment factors People factors •The weather (icy or waterlogged) •Not wearing the right protective equipment (e.g. shin pads) •Using gym equipment without knowing how to use it •Not warming up cooling down properly •An opponent playing recklessly •Playing under the influence of drugs/alcohol •Wearing jewellery •Chewing gum •Using the wrong technique to lift weights •Not having enough experience to do the activity (motor racing/biking) •Not being able to work as a team •Doing exercise in hot weather •If you are not sure where you are (mountains or at sea) •Extreme wet and cold condition lead to hyperthermia •High winds causing problems in sailing •Equipment not being set up correctly (e.g. climbing ropes) •Not having the right clothing for the activity (think of your own example) Assignment Task • Using the assignment template you will have to think of 2 hazards for each category • State what the hazard is • Explain how this would be a hazard in real life using a sporting example (you can relate to your self or professional athletes) Summary • Write down 2 things that you have learnt today • Write down a number between 1 and 10 stating how confident that you could finish this task and that you understand what to do (1 = not very confident, 10 very confident) • What will you need to know more about to improve your work?