Chapter #9 In psychology conflict occurs within the individuals mind. At the root of many conflicts is the fact that life is complicated and many goals have both attractive and unattractive features. Things that most students and adults struggle with in a psychological way: Independence vs. Dependence Intimacy vs. Isolation Co-operation vs. Competition Impulse expression vs. principles During times of change and stress, overwhelmed individuals often are attracted to the prospect of being cared for and protected. At the same time they are reminded constantly that every adult should strive for individual independence. Teens, young adults, and older people often face great internal conflict over independence and dependence Individuals often want to be close to someone they can trust with their innermost feelings and thoughts. This desire for intimacy is often countered by the fear that they will be hurt if that trust is betrayed. Schools often create this conflict. On one hand students are encouraged to participate in co-operative learning, to become “ team players” on the other hand they are continually being graded and compared with other students This form of conflict occurs when people have the desire to get what they want quickly but their standards or principles come into play. For example, you might pride yourself on being a truthful person, but while preparing to write a difficult exam, you see the answer sheet on the teacher’s desk. Do you cheat and give up your principles for a good mark? Technology has made it seem that the world is getting smaller, we appear to be living in a “ global village” Conflict and aggression are common in the globalized world. One of the forces that leads to conflict is ethnocentrism ( a feeling that the lifestyle and values of one’s own group are superior to those of other groups) Anthropologists study the forces that produce ethnocentrism and those that can soften it. Supporters of the conflict perspective see society as composed of groups involved in struggles to gain control over social resources They see society in a constant state of tension and change Functionalists argue that conflict is necessary that differences are essential for any society to survive. Global breakdown If the population of the world were reduced to just 100 people but all the current ratios remained the same, here is what those 100 people would be like: Continental Breakdown 57 asians 21 europeans 8 south americans 8 africans 6 north americans Gender Split 52 female 48 male Colour Split: 70 non-white 30 white Other demographic info: 6 would own 59% of the wealth 80 would have sub-standard housing 70 would be illiterate 50 would be starving 1 would have a college degree 1 would own a computer.