http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_HBJ aKhkvNsA/TS92tfKVII/AAAAAAAAAEE/_20G12QJ9Iw /s1600/mona_ad.jpg The Serious Business of Making Fun Also known as: ◦ A spoof ◦ A send up The point is to make fun of a person or situation Examples: ◦ Saturday Night Live sketches ◦ Weird Al songs Tone is usually “tongue-in-cheek” or humorous http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_w9XO 9zBePXE/SueFgHSw_qI/AAAAAAA AB3M/X9JzL3ZQtc/s400/oscars_cartoon.jpg May be humorous or serious in tone Targets a specific person or situation Unlike parody, satire has one of three main aims: ◦ to make people aware of a problem ◦ to warn against a situation or problem ◦ to promote reform of a situation Examples: ◦ The Daily Show with Jon Stewart ◦ The Daily Onion ◦ http://www.mediaite.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/Jon-Stewart.jpeg http://patriotupdate.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/truth-oscars-cartoon.jpg Every satire or parody has three main elements: ◦ A purpose: To To To To make fun or light of a situation call for reform warn raise awareness ◦ A target: a specific person, issue or situation ◦ A tone: a specific attitude on the part of the author ◦ An audience: a set of people towards whom the text is directed Where it started…18th Century/Restoration Period Why it started…The culture began to emphasize reason and intellect over so-called emotional arguments Who it started with…Dydren, Swift, Pope, Defoe, Johnson, Lord Byron Forms of satire…novels, short stories, poems, skits, cartoons, videos, films, blogs, websites has a clear target. exaggerates and distorts the target provides recurring, unrelenting sources of humor. sets up a certain distance between the character and the audience. does not consider the inner feelings or motives of the target. confronts the audience with the difference between what the characters say and do and what we fully understand by their actions. Pushes the boundaries of what is acceptable, touches a nerve. Satire is by nature unfair and the target is only life-like, not a true copy. A satire fails if the audience thinks it is unclear, stupid or offensive--or chooses, instead, to embrace the trait or person being satirized as admirable. ◦ If they say, “That offends me,” or “Life’s not like that so I don’t get the point,” or “Hey…maybe we should all be more like that,” then the satire is not very effective. Remember as well…If it is to be funny, then that sense of shared moral meaning must exist in the audience as well—it can’t be just something that enrages you…it must enrage your audience as well. It may seem easy to put together a satire or parody. However, satirists have a wide range of tools at their disposal One of the most powerful tools is irony We’ll look more at these next time.