SECULARISM SECULARISM Mohammed Mahin Islam 201104600 Hasan Mahmood Abu Taleb 201107456 Meesum Raza Kazmi 201106348 Instructor: Dr. Hajredin Hoxha OUTLINE • What is Secularism ? • Countries with High Muslim population following secularism.. • Positive and negative points of secularism • Islam v/s Secularism • Creation of East and West Pakistan and Islamic Republic of Iran • Conclusion • What is Secularism …? • Examples of secularism…!! ? What is Secularism ? 1. Secularism is a principle that involves two basic propositions: – Strict separation of state from religious institutions – People of different religions are believers, all are equal before law 2. Separation of religion and state is the foundation of secularism 3. It ensures that religious groups don’t interfere in the affairs of the state Countries with High Muslim population following secularism • Turkey – with 97.8% of population being Muslims • Bangladesh – with 89.5% of population being Muslims • Uzbekistan – with 88% of population being Muslims Characteristics of Secularism…. • People no matter of which religion or group all have equal rights in front of law. • Religious groups have no influence in decision making in a secular state. Negative Points of Secularism… • Secularism itself carries seeds of instability • Decisions in a secular state is made on basis of laws of the government and there are chances that not everyone in the state is happy creating riots and issues in the state. • Usually the leaders in a secular state are chosen through elections and thus not every group in the society is happy creating tension and instability in the state. What is Islamism/Shari’ah…? • The main source of laws in an Islamic state is the Holy Qur’an. • Allah has revealed the Holy Qur’an to guide us Muslims through the right path. Thus following Shari’ah law is the best form of government for us Muslims. • Islamism is not completely followed by any country at recent times, every country now days are secular. • Many states believe that some of the Islamic laws inhuman • Saudi Arabia is one of state that follows it to a greater extent. Islam v/s Secularism • Islamic and Secular laws differ in many aspects. – Islam says that only one Muslim leader should lead the country while a secular country can have any person as the leader – In Islam civil laws and punishments are different then securer laws – Marriage laws are different in Islam and are different in secularism – Islamic rules helps a man to be successful in life and after death not the secular rules Impacts of Islamism • Islam and Islamism has affected every corner of the world. Some of them have been mentioned below.. – Muslim nationalization was the main cause of the separation and creation of west and east Pakistan – Muslim nationalization was also the reason behind creation of ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN THE END..!!