Holland Codes


Career Research using Online Tools

College 101

Century High School

December 10, 2012

The Catch 22 of Career Planning

Missed Opportunities


Internship Options

Advanced Classes with


Concurrent Enrollment

Missing some of the motivating relevance to what they are doing today.

Identity Foreclosure

Students choosing a path before exploring sufficiently

Feeling trapped by a decision because of a rigid process

Expensive later discoveries: my brother in law who discovered in med school he hated being around sick people.

It helps to view this as a process.

In the News

 Recent headlines affirm significant gains in earning potential with even “some college.”

 However the difference in earnings between one major and another can be more than 300% (Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce)

 Awareness of the trends and preplanning can uncover options to improve employability with dual major or minors that can open several potential career paths.

 Using career assessments with quality discussion provide the best support.

Holland Codes

 Developed by John L Holland, PhD

 Result of his experiences as a Psychologist for the Army and at

Johns Hopkins University

 Based on observation of personality and career choice

 Proposes that if people make career choices based on their personality, interests and values they will be much more satisfied.







The six Holland Codes are as follows:














Realistic types Like to work with animals, tools, or machines.

Generally they prefer to avoid social activities like teaching, healing, and informing others.

They often have skills working with tools and hands on type work.

They tend to value practical things that they can see, touch, and use like plants and animals, tools, equipment, or machines.

They see themselves as practical, mechanical, and realistic.


Investigative types like to study and solve math or science problems.

They generally avoid leading, selling, or persuading people.

They are often skilled at understanding and solving science and math problems.

They Value science; and see themselves as precise, scientific, and intellectual.


Artistic types like to do creative activities like art, drama, crafts, dance, music, or creative writing.

Generally they avoid highly ordered or repetitive activities.

They often have artistic abilities -- in creative writing, drama, crafts, music, or art.

They value the creative arts -- like drama, music, art, or the works of creative writers

They see themselves as expressive, original, and independent.


Social types like to do things to help people.

They like; teaching, nursing, or giving first aid, providing information.

Generally they avoid using machines, tools, or animals to achieve a goal.

They are skilled at teaching, counseling, nursing, or giving information

They value helping people and solving social problems.

They see themselves as helpful, friendly, and trustworthy.


Enterprising types like to lead and persuade people, and to sell things and ideas.

Generally they avoid activities that require careful observation and scientific, analytical thinking.

They are skilled at leading people and selling things or ideas.

They value success in politics, leadership, or business.

They see themselves as energetic, ambitious, and sociable.


Conventional types like to work with numbers, records, or machines in a set, orderly way.

Generally they avoid ambiguous, unstructured activities.

They are skilled at working with written records and numbers in a systematic, orderly way.

They value success in business; and see themselves as orderly.

They are good at following a set plan.

Tips for Parents.

 Notice your child’s sills and what they like to do. Point out any patterns you see.

 Congratulate specific successes and identify the skills that led to that success.

 Share stories about your own career journey.

 Help students network with family and friends to ask about careers of interest.

 Complete career assessments together making this a time to share rather than a pressure to decide moment.

 Please let school know if you have a career resource you are able to share.


 Look at the Holland Code descriptors www.careerzone.ny.gov

 Take a career interest inventory on www.mynextmove.org

 Use the website, O*Net www.onetonline.org

to find your matching careers. (Under the Advanced Search icon, choose


 Cross reference your career list to the Myers Briggs Type

Indicator Test career resource using www.humanmetrics.com

Look for the Jung Typology Test.

 Power Point Adapted from seattlecentral.edu/careercenter/fachandouts/HollandCodes.pdf